Doctor insights on:
What Causes A Collapsed Lung
What causes a collapsed lung? Can this just happen out of the blue or are there specific behaviors or conditions that cause this?
A : A collapsed lung - also referred to as a pneumothorax in the medical literature - arises when the outer surface of the lung develops a "puncture" causing the lung to deflate. A pneumothorax can develop in certain medical conditions where the lungs are diseased and prone to developing a "puncture" --e.g. Asthma, cystic fibrosis, and emphysema and is more common in smokers. Sometimes a pneumothorax arises when there is no apparent underlying lung disease. This is referred to as a primary spontaneous pneumothorax and is typically seen in young, thin men. Sometimes having a family history of a collapsed lung can suggest a cause, and there are some rare inherited diseases such as marfan's syndrome in which a collapsed lung can occur out of the blue. Stopping smoking is the only specific behavior that will significantly reduce your chance of developing a collapsed lung. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Atelectasis (from greek: ἀτελής, "incomplete" + ἔκτασις, "extension") is defined as the collapse or closure of the lung resulting in reduced or absent gas exchange. It may affect part or all of one lung. It is a condition where the alveoli are deflated, as distinct from pulmonary consolidation. It is a very common finding in chest xrays which needs to be interpreted in the ...Read more
Multiple causes: Common causes include chest trauma (like a car accident or a puncture wound to the chest) or medical procedures (like intubation). It can also occur as a complication of lung disease such as emphysema, pneumonia or cancer, or it can happen spontaneously. Typical symptoms include sudden onset of shortness of breath and sharp chest pain made worse by inspiration. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Defect in the lung: Though most of the time when a lung collapses, it is caused by some type of trauma, there are some patients that have defects in the lung surface. These illnesses range from emphysema to lung fibrosis. There are some genetic mutations that also have been associated with weakness in the surface of the lungs. If the collapse of the lung was unprovoked, your doctor may need to do some tests. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Multiple: External and internal. External causes are trauma, diagnostic procedures, etc. Internal factors deal with an increase in pressure in the lung, causing rupture of a pre- existing issue (pulmonary bleb). Pressure increases can be a cough, sneeze, or being on a ventilator. Air leaves the lung or enters the chest through a defect, causing collapse of the lung. ...Read more
Collapsed Lung: An obstruction inside the airway may prevent expansion. Alternatively, the lung or the lining around the lung could be inflamed or scarred. ...Read more
Varies...: Most commonly it is from either trauma that can result in increased pressures in the chest or rib fractures that tear the lung. The other common source is bleb or bullous disease of the lung. Imagine an overinflated balloon ready to pop. Something causes it to have increased pressure and air then leaks out to cause the lung to collapse. Other reasons can include cancer and bad emphysema. ...Read more
Loss of (-) pressure: A collapsed/punctured lung is serious, as it can progress to tension pneumothorax. Once recognized, a chest tube is placed to release the pressure associated with collapsed lung. Any injury that allows positive pressure from the airways or externally into the negative pressured pleural space will start the lung collapsing. Trauma, needle sticks, rib fx, fluid, spontaneous are common causes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Injury or luck: Ok, not really luck. Some people are prone to "spontaneous pneumothorax" where the lung collapses on its own. Other reasons include injury, infection. Treatment may include drainage with a tube or even surgery. Treatment options depend on cause, patient symptoms and conditions. More information necessary to properly answer this question. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more
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