Top
20
Doctor insights on: What Are Types Of Mental Retardation

Share
1

1
What are the different kinds of mental retardation?

What are the different kinds of mental retardation?

Intellectual Disa-: bility = a significant impairment in cognitive & adaptive functioning that began before 18. IQ, measured by tests of ability to think abstractly, learn & problem-solve, is 50-70 in Mild I.D., 35-49 in Moderate, 20-34 in Severe & below 20 in Profound. See http://pediatrics.med.nyu.edu/conditions-we-treat/conditions/intellectual-disability for levels of adaptive deficits & a list of causes. ...Read more

Dr. Kathryn Akin
51 doctors shared insights

Mental Retardation (Definition)

Mental retardation is an old fashioned term now replaced with the term “Intellectual Disability”. It is defined as a measured intelligence below the normal range (less than 70) combined with inability to perform activities of daily living . For this designation a person must, in addition to having low measured ability, be significantly limited in at least two of the following areas: self-care, communication, home living, social/interpersonal skills, self-direction, use of community resources, functional academic skills, work, leisure, health, and safety. The four degrees of intellectual disability are mild, (IQ between 55-70) moderate,(between 35 and 50) , severe and profound. In the severe and profound ranges individuals have language, communication and motor impairments and cannot be tested. Profound disability, is usually associated with a neurological condition. In addition to the categories of mild, moderate, severe, and profound, categories are sometimes used to designate those intellectually disabled persons who can benefit from some degree of academic training. Those designated "educable” can handle academic work at a third-to sixth-grade level, and usually have IQs that fall between 50 and 75. The designation “trainable” refers to those who can progress as far as second grade work and can live in a sheltered string without one on one constant care. It is important to know that a measured IQ is not as important as the access to and ability to respond to emotional, ...Read more


2

2
What are the symptoms of psychomotor retardation?

What are the symptoms of psychomotor retardation?

Slowing down: Psychomotor retardation is a phenomenon probably most commonly seen in depression and schizophrenia. It literally refers to a phenomenon where individuals with one of these disorders experience a marked slowing in thinking process and movement. It is a symptom of the disorder and improves with effect treatment. ...Read more

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
1 doctor agreed:
3

3
What are some signs of mental health disorders?

Dr. Alan Ali Dr. Ali
1 doctor agreed:
What are some signs of mental health disorders?

Mental health: Answering this question would take a whole textbook to write, however, some signs include anxiety, depressed or labile moods, cognitive dysfunction, addiction, break in reality, all of which interfere with daily functioning or cause distress. ...Read more

4

4
What are the different types of personality disorders?

What are the different types of personality disorders?

The current DSM: (V) lists ten, plus some catch-all categories that are not very specific. The ten are: Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal, Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, Avoidant, Dependent and Obsess-Compulsive. ...Read more

5

5
What are basic types of memory?

What are basic types of memory?

Memory: breaks down into storage and retrieval processes involving the left temporal lobe: factual didactic (semantic) memory, right temporal autobiographical (episodic) memory, frontal systems dependent working memory, implicit visual and auditory memory and procedural memory. Its probably a bit more complicated than this. I'd need about 5 pages to cover the topic of basic types of memory. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
6

6
How are mental retardation and autism different?

How are mental retardation and autism different?

IQ measure: Mental retardation only reflects points in a scale of intelligency, determined through standarized tests. Autism, on the other hand, is a set of typical behaviors considered abnormal, in different areas of functioning. Dsm 4 criteria is available online, check it out. Both conditions may coexist. ...Read more

7

7
What types of mental disorders are associated with delusions / visions?

What types of mental disorders are associated with delusions / visions?

Many: Many possibilities: drug intoxication, especially with hallucinogens; drug withdrawal, such as alcohol; sometimes bipolar disorder; schizophrenia; delirium -- where acute medical conditions affect mental functioning; some forms of dementia also. Sometimes severe psychotic depression can show this as well. ...Read more

8

8
What are some causes of bipolar disorder?

What are some causes of bipolar disorder?

predisposition: Bipolar and mood diorders often run in families. Quite often there is a genetic predisposition that can be be triggered by trauma or other life events. More and more denovo cases are being seen which some believe may be impacted by environmental toxins. ...Read more

9

9
What are the causes of multiple personality disorder?

What are the causes of multiple personality disorder?

Childhood abuse: Dissociative identity disorder (did) is often associated with history of severe childhood trauma or abuse -- usually happening over an extended period. This could be physical, emotional, sexual, or some combination. The dissociative aspect is a coping mechanism -- the person unconsciously dissociates himself/herself from experiences or situations that are too painful to consciously assimilate. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
10

10
What are the different types of bipolar disorder?

What are the different types of bipolar disorder?

Three: Generally there are 3 kinds: bipolar i, bipolar ii and bipolar nos. The difference depends on the symptoms of mania (severe insomnia, extreme energy, racing thoughts, pressured speech, elated and/or irritable moods). In bipolar i the mania lasts 3-4 days or is severe enough to need hospital stay. In ii the mania is called hypomania and is of shorter duration. In nos not all symptoms of mania exist. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
13

13
What different types of personality disorders are out there?

What different types of personality disorders are out there?

Interaction patterns: Personality disorders (pd): narcissistic, borderline, histrionic, anti-social, and 6 others are life long and a specific patterns of behavior and interacting with people and situations that lead to distress and impaired functioning. Pd diagnoses can only be used after adolescence, although the first symptoms begin in the teen years. Pds may be associated with severe, unresolved childhood trauma. ...Read more

14

14
What is consciousness? What are some examples of different states of consciousness?

What is consciousness? What are some examples of different states of consciousness?

Consciousness: Consciousness = awareness; this can be at different levels. Alert: fully conscious and aware of their environment. Drowsy/lethargic: awake, but fatigued & can fall asleep easily if not stimulated. Obtunded: even less alertness, with decreased responsiveness and interest in their environment. Stupor: not responsive except to vigorous stimulation. Coma: not arousable at all. ...Read more

15

15
What are the signs of multiple personality disorder?

What are the signs of multiple personality disorder?

Multiple personality: MPD, now called dissociative identity disorder is characterized by two or more distinct identity states known as alters in addition to the patient him/her self. These identity states will seem fragmentary and partially unaware of the others, each with varying degrees of disturbance, The alters tend to be more active and aggressive, while the patient's core personality will be more passive. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
16

16
What are the mental diseases associated with criminals?

What are the mental diseases associated with criminals?

Personality Disorder: It's not possible to know exactly what you are asking, but, antisocial personality disorder is a mental health condition in which a person has a long-term pattern of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others. This behavior is often criminal. ...Read more

17

17
What are the types of sadism?

What are the types of sadism?

Sadism: There's the paraphilia with sexual fantasies and/or gratification by inflicting physical or emotional pain on another. This usually requires a partner willing to have these things done to him or her. Not all sadism is acted out sexually. One can simply show callous, vicious, manipulative, and degrading behavior towards other people in everyday life. Usually, both both sides dwell within. ...Read more

18

18
What kinds of epilepsy are there?

What kinds of epilepsy are there?

Classification of : the epilepsies is evolving with the advent of new technologies. Recent domain-specific classification by the International League Against Epilepsy, found on http://www.uptodate.com/contents/ilae-classification-of-seizures-and-epilepsy, includes mode of onset -generalized, partial or focal & unknown, underlying cause - genetic, structural or metabolic & unknown & level of diagnostic specificity. ...Read more

19

19
What are some examples of psychiatric illnesses?

What are some examples of psychiatric illnesses?

Psychiatric illness: There are too many examples to enumerate. Psychiatric illness manifests itself as producing considerable distress in the person's life, and hindering his or her performance in the educational, laboral or social areas of functioning. It is necessary to reach a diagnosis of the illness in order to treat it, done by primary care or general physicians, or psychiatrists and mental health workers. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
20

20
What are some signs of schizophrenia?

What are some signs of schizophrenia?

Early signs: Onset of schizophrenia is usually in late adolescence to early adulthood. Sometimes the onset can be rapid or gradual. Early signs can be social isolation, deterioration in hygiene, paranoia, hallucinations, making irrational or odd statements, appear emotionless or unmotivated, may abandon hobbies and activites and their performance at work or school deteriorates. ...Read more