Doctor insights on:
What Are The Usual Causes Of Bipolar Affective Disorder
Genetics: Bipolar disorder is a highly genetic disorder, so most people inherit the predisposition. Also stimulant drugs like the amphetamines can also produce symptoms of mania. There are also people who are susceptible to marked sleep deprivation. Lack of sleep for several days has been know to cause symptoms that look like mania. ...Read more
Though depression is not required for diagnosis most people have both manic and depressive episodes and may have mixed episodes with features of both. Length of episodes vary, but are separated by "normal" periods of emotion and behavior. See my answers to similar ...Read more
Some causes: Genetics due play a role, but in a small percentage. Environmental factors may be involved, such as exposure to viruses or malnutrition before birth, problems during birth, and psychosocial factors. Another cause is an imbalance in the brain involving the neurotransmitters Dopamine and glutamate, and possibly others play a role in schizophrenia. More research is needed - still a lot of unknowns. ...Read more
Varied: The symptoms vary depending on the type of bipolar disorder. There is bipolar i, bipolar ii, cyclothymia and bipolar disorder nos. Manic symptoms can include a marked increase in energy and decreased need for sleep, racing thought, rapid speech, euphoric mood, hypersexual, hyper religious, grandiose delusion, etc. Depression in bipolar disorder often looks like unipolar depression. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Bipolar affective di: Bipolar affective disorder (bpad) is characterized by both manic and depressive episodes. Manic episodes typically last a few days with decreased need for sleep, increased self esteem, energy, and activity. Depressive episodes are 2 weeks or more of decreased energy, motivation, and self esteem. Episodes may be separated by days, weeks, months, or even years. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Milder ; Reversed: I've read an article that seems to consider this as perhaps milder in the severity of the ups and downs (cyclothymic) than many full bipolar patients and the "atypical" refers to reversed vegetative symptoms - i.e., oversleeping and overeating as opposed to the more common insomnia and appetite loss. I do not know how or if it is treated with different drugs. Be well. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Schizoaffective disorder: Is a disorder of brain function. A person with schizoaffective disorder has severe changes in mood ( depression or mania) and some of the psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia, such as hallucinations, delusions, and disorganized thinking. However neither symptom complex predominates to the exclusion of the other. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Sleeplessness racing: The presence of a "manic" episode in the context of an indiviudal who has suffered major depression. Bipolar may be being overdiagnosed at present - context of sleeplessess, racing thoughts, shopping sprees, taking on multiple projects, impulsivenes, feeligns of invincability etc are important. Bipolar ii is even looser, as the duration fo symptoms required is shorter. Get good psych evaluation. ...Read more
Bipolar: Dr. Fowler described major depressive d/o for you. Bipolar d/o includes episodes of both depression and mania/hypomania. Mania means times of increased energy, less need for sleep, feeling of racing thoughts & speech, increased impulsive behavior, sometimes poor judgment, elated or euphoric mood which can progress to irritable; can become psychotic with delusions and hallucinations too. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Like depression: Dysthymic disorder used to be called "minor depression" until researchers/clinicians realized that it can be as dibilitating as the "major" kind. The symptoms are the same: depressed or irritable mood, changes in appetite and sleep, low energy, poor self-esteem, trouble concentrating, & feelings of hopelessness. Severity overall is less, but duration is longer (2 years or more). ...Read more
Officially? None.: It is not in the dsm. I'm glad, but some think it should be and that the symptoms are similar to adult but are marked by more rapid mood swings, hyperactivity and irritability. The highs and lows are intense and can be dangerous. These symptoms must also cause significant distress in the child, occur in more than just one setting -at school and at home- and last for at least 2 weeks. ...Read more
What symptoms are different in schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder? Is one a disease of the brain, other disorder?
Both brain disease: Both of these illnesses are "brain diseases, " and both have psychotic symptoms such as delusions, paranoia, hallucinations, thought disorder, etc. Schizoaffective patients also have mood dysregulation, but pure schizophrenics don't. Treatment for schizophrenia may be antipsychotics alone; schizoaffective people also need mood stabilizing agents. They may deal with mania & depression, + psychosis. ...Read more
Personality disorder: Persistent pattern of abnormality in mood, behavior and cognitive/perceptive functions, sufficient to cause distress or interfere with daily functions, not attributed to other psychiatric or physiological illnesses or effect of illicit substances. Symptoms are further classified depending on type of personality disorder. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Affective Disorder: Affective disorder is a process where your emotions or affect are changed or is causing problems. Some use the term primary affective disorder for depression, depressed mood, poor attention, poor appetite, lethargy. Primary means it is not a product of some other illness. If these symptoms fit, discuss this with your doctor for medication and referral for counseling. ...Read more
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