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What Are The Typical Signs And Symptoms Of Mitral Stenosis
Narrowing : Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the valve that controls the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. This can have many causes and, depending upon the severity of the stenosis, may or may not cause symptoms. This must be followed, because the degree of stenosis can increase over time and require replacement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Narrowing: Mitral stenosis is a thickening of the mitral valve leaflets. This results in narrowing that restricts blood flow through the valve. Ms is rated as mild, moderate, or severe. Severe ms usually requires valve surgery. Mild does not cause symptoms but should be monitored periodically. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
It depends on cause: Mitral stenosis may be mild and not require specific therapy. For more significant mitral stenosis, treatment is either catheter-based or surgical. Catheter-based therapies involve feeding a balloon-tipped catheter through a large blood vessel in the groin into the heart and across the narrowed mitral valve. The balloon is inflated with relief of stenosis. Surgery involves repair or replacement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Restricts blood flow: Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve fails to open sufficiently. This restricts the blood flow into the left ventricle (the main pumping chamber). This causes the left atrium to dilate and increase pressure in the lungs. This causes shortness of breath, increase BP in lungs, abnormal heart rhythms, and heart failure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Infections: Most common cause, although rare these days in the westernized world, is rheumatic fever (due to strep infectipns) in young age, which leads to scarring of the valve over time with narrowing - stenosis. Other infections (endocarditis) can lead to mitral stenosis as well. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends on severity: Progressively restricted opening of the mitral valve, measured by serial echocardiography, results in higher pressures in the lung circulation and reduced cardiac output when exercising. Worsening shortness of breath and cardiac arrhythmias may be the result. There are evidence based guidelines to help your doctors decide when to intervene to improve quality and length of life. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Echo, cath: Echocardiogram is the most common test for mitral stenosis, as the structure and function of the valve can be assessed visually. Cxr can give information regarding chamber size and valve calcification. Ekg and holter monitor can reveal atrial fibrilation, a common arrhythmia associated with mitral stenosis. Heart cath would reveal the hemodynamics and the need for surgical intervention. ...Read more
Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more
Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Narrow gate: Narrowing of the gate between the left upper and left lower chambers. This prevents blood from freely entering the lower chamber thus reducing amount of blood available to be pumped causing fatigue.Also there is build up of back pressure hence water logging of lungs, liver, abdomen and limbs causing shortness of breath, nausea, poor appetite and leg swelling. Symptoms depend on degree of narrowing. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib . This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema,ascites ,etc. The drs can do a surface echo,TEE,right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more
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