Doctor insights on:
What Are The Glands And Hormones Out Of Balance In Cushing Syndrome
Adrenal dysfunction: The most common form of cushing syndrome is due to taking glucocorticoid rxs (hormones such as prednisone, hydrocortisone) to treat asthma, arthritis, inflammatory bowel, etc. In the less common endogenous cushing syndrome, the adrenal gland (either one or both) produces too much cortisol hormone. This can be due to an over-acive tumor in the adrenal, or in pituitary gland that controls adrenals. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A hormone (from greek ὁρμή, "impetus") is a chemical released by a cell or a gland in one part of the body that sends out messages that affect cells in other parts of the organism. Only a little amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. In essence, it is a chemical messenger that transports a signal from ...Read more
Pituitary disease: The hypothalamus and pituitary work together to regulate many functions in the body, including hormonal regulation. Diseases can causes hormone deficiency or excess. Some of the hormones regulated are the thyroid, growth hormone, prolactin, (breastfeeding hormone) testosterone or estrogen, and cortisol. ...Read more
Depends.: The effects on the pregnancy/baby may vary according to what particular hormone/corticosteroid is produced in excess or not produced. A general concern in these situations is the excess production of androgens (e.g. Male hormones) that could have virilizing (masculinizing) affects on the fetus. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What parts of the adrenal gland are controled by the pituitary gland? I read that there are three parts of the adrenal gland.
The adrenal: cortex, or outer portion, is mostly controlled by the pituitary, and predominately produces cortisone, aldosterone and some sex hormones. The inner portion, or medulla, is regulated by blood pressure, nervous stimulation, emotions, etc. and produces epinephrine, norepinephrine and some other lesser hormones. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can you tell me the major glands, hormones and the effects of those hormones involved in each of the following?
Too much, too little: Hi. The anterior pituitary hormones are TSH, ACTH, GH, LH, FSH, Prolactin (PRL). Disease occurs when ANY of them are over-produced or under-produced, although the frequency of such disease states varies widely (although ALL said diseases are, at face value, uncommon). Famous ones are Cushing's, acromegaly, and prolactinoma. ...Read more
Making Hormones: The adrenal cortex makes aldosterone (key regulator of sodium, potassium, and water balance), cortisol (suppresses inflammation, helps the body adapt to illness and injuries), and testosterone-like hormones such as dhea-sulfate and androstenedione. The inner part, or medulla, makes adrenaline (epinephrine) and similar hormones that help your body in "fight or flight" emergencies. ...Read more
Genetic defects: Genetic defects and chromosomal disorders are the main reason for hypothalamic disorders. Depending on the cause and the location of the lesions, there may be profound develpmental delay and hormonal deficiencies. Many of the pituitary hormones, such as oxytocin, adh, (vasopressin) and CRF will be absent and cause multi-system disorders. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can pituitary adenomas cause a decrease in sense of smell due to hormonal imbalance? Which hormones are out of balance with hyposmia?
MEN II or Graves dis: In multiple endocrine neoplasia type ii patients can have medullary thyroid cancer and adrenaline secreting tumors. This is a rare familial syndrome. Thyroid hormone excess (graves or hyperthyroidism) makes patients more responsive to their own adrenaline. This why hyperthyroid patients are started on inderal, (propranolol) a beta blocker. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Ovaries: Depends what type of hormone imbalance you are talking about. Often times the ovaries don't make teheproper amounts of estrogen and or progesterone, so teens can commonly have irregular periods, you can do hormone blood tests and if nothing is out of the ordinary( like low thyroid, etc. ) the teen can be cycled on low dose birth control pills to regulate the cycles. ...Read more
There are many: Some may include irregular menstrual cycles, acne, unwanted male-type hair growth, difficulty losing weight, obesity, hot flashes, vaginal dryness, fatigue... The list goes on and on. If you think you have an imbalance, see a board certified reproductive endocrinologist who specializes in testing/treatment. ...Read more
Can you tell me how the hypothalamus control the production and release of hormones of the pituitary gland?
Nerve tracts: There are a set of nerve tracts from the hypothalamus that release hormones into the pituitary blood supply. The hormones are called "releasing hormones", and they cause the pituitary to release hormone. Eg. Hypothalamic TRH (thyrotropin releasing hormone) causes the pituitary to release TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone). ...Read more
What are the effects of dopamine on cortisol and other stress hormones? Where is dopamine released from/created at?
Dopamine cortisol: D will increase cortisol when given IV. I would do a Wikipedia search for more details. Not enough room here and they have good pictures as well. ...Read more
Can you feel growth hormone being secreted from the pituitary gland? (in the form of a headache or other phenomena)
Very common: Very common, painful periods, pms, facial hair etc. Saliva testing can help tell you what is out of balance. Salvia testing tells you how much free hormone is available, and then with the help of some one experienced in natural hormone therapy, many problems can be corrected. ...Read more
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