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Doctor insights on: What Are The Effects Of Down Syndrome

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Dr. Kathryn Akin
654 doctors shared insights

Down Syndrome (Definition)

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing ...Read more


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What are the mechanisms of down syndrome?

What are the mechanisms of down syndrome?

Several possible: The features of down syndrome seem to be dependent on the addition of one extra segment of a 21 chromosome.You can get there several ways. The traditional ds (~95%) has 3 copies of a 21 chromosome. About 4% have the specific extra 21 piece stuck on a regular chromosome.About 1% have a mosaic of some normal and some 21 trisomy in variable amounts. ...Read more

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What are the problems of down syndrome?

What are the problems of down syndrome?

Many: Increased incidence of congenital heart disease, gastrointestinal problems such as atresia and hirschsprung's, nutrition with gasroesophageal reflux and aspiration, hypo or hyperthyroidism, and neurologic; mental retardation, joint laxity and hypotonia. Some down syndrome have few problems, and some many problems. ...Read more

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What are the effects of Down syndrome on the mind?

What are the effects of Down syndrome on the mind?

Down syndrome: Most have intellectual disabilities in the mild to moderate range ( iq 50-70 to iq 35-50 ), speech delays, fine motor skills are delayed, epilepsy & alzheimers disease likely later on. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of down syndrome?

See below: Flat face, hypotonia, and intellectual disability. One third of patients develop congenital heart defect(s). ...Read more

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What positive effects of Down syndrome are there?

Less atherosclerosis: Lower incidence of atherosclerosis would be the only identified positive effect. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms and treatments of down syndrome?

Long story!: The problem is duplication of genetic material (chromosome 21) in every cell of the body. There are facial features, heart problems, reduced muscle tone, and spinal, gi, ent, thyroid and blood-related issues as well. The biggest issue is mental deficiency. Ongoing surveillance and intervention by your pediatrician are important. So is developmental and school-based help. ...Read more

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What are the costs of Down syndrome therapy?

What are the costs of Down syndrome therapy?

Public Law IDEA: Mandates that every child in the usa receive a free & appropriate education, provided by each state's early intervention program from birth-3 & public schools 3-22. Medical costs vary depending on medical issues seen in kids with down syndrome, all of which should be covered by private insurance. Ssi & medicaid funding are family-income based; the katie beckett program is not. See://www.Ndss.Org/. ...Read more

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What are the effects of turner syndrome?

What are the effects of turner syndrome?

Turner Syndrome: is characterized by short stature, delayed or no puberty due to loss of ovarian function. Most women are infertile. One third are born with a heart defect and some also have skeletal malformations. ...Read more

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What are the fetal sign and symptoms of down syndrome?

What are the fetal sign and symptoms of down syndrome?

Maternal serum : Screening at 10-14 weeks + fetal ultrasound (fus) at 11-14 weeks + maternal "quad" screen at 16 weeks detects ~ 95% of fetuses with down syndrome with <5% false-positive rate. Increased size of the fluid-filled space at the nape of the neck & abnormalities of blood flow in the heart are signs on early fus. Diagnostic testing is chorionic villus sampling at 10-12 weeks or amnio at 15-18 weeks. ...Read more

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What are the causes of down syndrome, genetically speaking?

What are the causes of down syndrome, genetically speaking?

Extra chromosome mtl: The traditional ds patient has an extra 21 chromosome(c) that resulted from an improper splitting of the c pairs as the egg is being formed.At conception dad's 21 is added to the pair already there, while all the other chromosomes just have a pair.Cell division from conception will place the triplet 21 in every cell of the body, and the imbalance of the material leads to the features of ds. ...Read more

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What are the signs and symptoms of down syndrome?

What are the signs and symptoms of down syndrome?

Down's syndrome: Delayed maturation of brain & body, result in small chin, oblique eye fissures with skin folds on inner corners of the eyes, flat nasal bridge, poor muscle tone, protruding tongue, flat face, short neck, lax joints, larger space between big toe & second toe, short fingers, short stature & bowed legs, obesity as they grow older. ...Read more

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What are the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

What are the effects of fetal alcohol syndrome?

Prenatal &/or post-: natal growth failure (of head & or body), characteristic facial features & evidence of some type of brain damage are criteria for FAS I, the most severe end of the spectrum. Read about impaired executive functions, ADHD, Intellectual Disability & other associated Neurobehavioral & medical disorders on www.fasdcenter.samhsa.gov. Seek Early Intervention from 0-3; Special Education from 3- 21. ...Read more

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What are the different causes down syndrome?

What are the different causes down syndrome?

Downs syndrome: Trisomy 21 when there is an extra chromosome at 21, mosaicism when some cells have trisomy and others not, robertson translocation [n which long arm of 21 chromosome is attached to another chromosome often chromosome 14. ...Read more

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What are the long-term effects of tourettes syndrome?

What are the long-term effects of tourettes syndrome?

Ttourette: There are no other effects of tourette's except what may be associated psychologically due to its impact on the person's place and feeling in society. ...Read more

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What are the effects of alcoholism on the gut?

What are the effects of alcoholism on the gut?

See below: Inflamation of the lining causing bleeding, ulcers, occasional malabsortion. It there is liver disease, there may be swelling of certain blood vessels and bleedimg temdencies. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of serotonin syndrome and what causes it?

What are the symptoms of serotonin syndrome and what causes it?

Agree w Dr. Pappas: Serotonin Syndrome may occur from taking 1 or more serotonergic medications. Serotonin Syndrome can cause nausea /vomiting /diarrhea, abdominal pain, stiffness or spasm of muscles,
fever, shivering, ^ sweating, hallucinations, confusion, visual changes, ^ Heart rate, tremor, lack of coordination, seizure, bp changes. In some cases, coma or death can occur. ...Read more

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What are the effects of miising teeth?

What are the effects of miising teeth?

"Missing teeth: May look funny, but they're nothing to laugh at". The condition may cause physical problems like: trouble chewing, speaking, teeth shifting, tooth decay, bite changes, periodontal disease (just to name a few). The good news, there are many ways to replace the missing teeth. Rec.: see your dentist for more information and treatment. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of pyramidal syndrome?

What are the symptoms of pyramidal syndrome?

Complex: The pyramidal tracts are tracts of nerve fibers that run from the brain to the brain stem or spinal cord to control muscle function in the body. If injured or altered, muscles show spasticity/spasm and weakness/wasting. Injury may be caused by stroke, brain hemorrhage, tumor, infection, inflammation such as from meningitis or multiple sclerosis, or trauma. ...Read more

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