Doctor insights on:
What Are The Different Treatments For Thyroid Nodules
Most Are Benign: Doctors' dont "treat" thyroid nodules unless there is concern for cancer or they get big enough that they cause problems. Solitary nodules are more concerning for cancer than thyroids with multiple nodules in them. If there is a concern for ca they are biopsied. If worrisome, the half portion of the thyroid with the nodule is removed, not just the nodule. See my comment below for more. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Options: Depends on the size of the nodule, you can either do an ultrasound guided biopsy to rule out cancer or follow it with yearly ultrasound to make sure that it's not growing or do the biopsy if it grows. If it's causing swallowing/breathing problem or if it's producing extra hormone, surgical removal is also an option. If biopsy showed cancer, you will need surgery. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
There are several: More surgery might be an option if the cancer has spread in the neck or to just one other spot. Radioactive iodine may be able to treat many smaller metastatic areas. If these are not good options, some centers are using newer chemotherapy agents such as sorafanib (nexavar). A team with an endocrinologist and an oncologist would be helpful. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
4 types: Papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic both papillary and follicular cancers are typically treated with complete removal of the lobe of the thyroid that harbors the cancer, in addition to the removal of most or all of the other side. Medullary cancer of the thyroid is significantly less common, but has a worse prognosis. Thyroid cancer anaplastic has a poor prognosis. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Generally 4 types: There are 4 types of thyroid cancer. 1)papillary (most common), 2)follicular and hurthle cells, 3)medullary and 4)anaplastic (least common and most aggressive). Lymphoma and metastatic disease from other cancer (renal cell, melanoma) can also go to the thyroid. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
THYROIDITIS: n this condition, typically there is aggressive destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes (in contrast to the stimulatory effect seen in Graves' disease). It is not yet understood why this occurs.TSH levels; this is a sensitive test of thyroid function.Thyroid autoantibodies - anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) .http://patient.info/doctor/hashimotos-thyroiditis ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Insulin and oral med: There are different types of treatment based on the type of diabetes. Type 1 is treated with insulin. Type 2 is generally treated with oral medications at the onset. However, as the disease progresses it may require treatment with a combination of medications including injectable medications. Insulin may also be used in combination with pills or by itself for type 2 diabetes. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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