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Doctor insights on: What Are The Different Treatments For Thyroid Nodules

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What are the different treatments for thyroid nodules?

What are the different treatments for thyroid nodules?

Most Are Benign: Doctors' dont "treat" thyroid nodules unless there is concern for cancer or they get big enough that they cause problems. Solitary nodules are more concerning for cancer than thyroids with multiple nodules in them. If there is a concern for ca they are biopsied. If worrisome, the half portion of the thyroid with the nodule is removed, not just the nodule. See my comment below for more. ...Read more

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Nodule (Definition)

Any growth or deposit in the body or on its surface may be casually termed a nodule until its character is determined by the familiarity of the physician with it or by the results of a biopsy if it is not so obvious. The term is casual ...Read more


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What are typical treatments for a thyroid nodule?

What are typical treatments for a thyroid nodule?

Options: Depends on the size of the nodule, you can either do an ultrasound guided biopsy to rule out cancer or follow it with yearly ultrasound to make sure that it's not growing or do the biopsy if it grows. If it's causing swallowing/breathing problem or if it's producing extra hormone, surgical removal is also an option. If biopsy showed cancer, you will need surgery. ...Read more

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What are the tests for thyroid nodules?

What are the tests for thyroid nodules?

TSH ultrasound: Tsh (blood test) to check thyroid function, ultrasound to characterise the nodule (how many, size, solid vs. Cyst, suspicion for malignancy), fine needle aspiration (fna) for suspicious nodules. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

There are several: More surgery might be an option if the cancer has spread in the neck or to just one other spot. Radioactive iodine may be able to treat many smaller metastatic areas. If these are not good options, some centers are using newer chemotherapy agents such as sorafanib (nexavar). A team with an endocrinologist and an oncologist would be helpful. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for adrenal adenoma?

What are the treatments for adrenal adenoma?

Removal: If it is determined that the adrenal adenoma is a functioning one then treatment is removal of the affected adrenal gland. This is usually done laparoscopically. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for hypoparathyroidism?

What are the  treatments for hypoparathyroidism?

Calcium and vit d: Hypoparathyroidism is manifest by low serum calcium and is treated by calcium and vitamin in doses required to bring the calcium up to a safe level. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for sarcoidosis?

What are the treatments for  sarcoidosis?

There are several...: Prednisone is the usual first line therapy. If that doesn't control symptoms, then methotrexate or azothioprine can be tried. Acthar is another very expensive drug that seems to have a very good effect. ...Read more

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What are the best treatments for hashimoto's thyroiditis?

What are the best treatments for hashimoto's thyroiditis?

Levothyroxine : If the hashimotos has caused hypothyroidism, levothyroxine is the treatment of choice. If you just have the antibodies but your thyroid hormone levels are normal, no treatment is needed. ...Read more

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What are the different types of thyroid cancer?

What are the different types of thyroid cancer?

4 types: Papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic both papillary and follicular cancers are typically treated with complete removal of the lobe of the thyroid that harbors the cancer, in addition to the removal of most or all of the other side. Medullary cancer of the thyroid is significantly less common, but has a worse prognosis. Thyroid cancer anaplastic has a poor prognosis. ...Read more

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What are the different stages of thyroid cancer?

What are the different stages of thyroid cancer?

Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets. ...Read more

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What are the types of thyroid cancer?

What are the types of thyroid cancer?

Generally 4 types: There are 4 types of thyroid cancer. 1)papillary (most common), 2)follicular and hurthle cells, 3)medullary and 4)anaplastic (least common and most aggressive). Lymphoma and metastatic disease from other cancer (renal cell, melanoma) can also go to the thyroid. ...Read more

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What are some of the tests for Hashimoto's thyroiditis?

What are some of the tests for Hashimoto's thyroiditis?

THYROIDITIS: n this condition, typically there is aggressive destruction of thyroid cells by various cell- and antibody-mediated immune processes (in contrast to the stimulatory effect seen in Graves' disease). It is not yet understood why this occurs.TSH levels; this is a sensitive test of thyroid function.Thyroid autoantibodies - anti-thyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) .http://patient.info/doctor/hashimotos-thyroiditis ...Read more

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What are the tests for thyroiditis?

Ultrasound: There are blood tests to rule out active infection, malfunctioning od thyroid gland, and ultrasound to assess the gland. ...Read more

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What are some of the non-drug treatments for Endometriosis?

What are some of the non-drug treatments for Endometriosis?

The non drug treatments for Endometriosis include:: Laparoscopic surgery, Surgery, complete hysterectomy -- with removal of both ovaries. ...Read more

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What are the different types of treatments for diabetes?

What are the  different types of treatments for diabetes?

Insulin and oral med: There are different types of treatment based on the type of diabetes. Type 1 is treated with insulin. Type 2 is generally treated with oral medications at the onset. However, as the disease progresses it may require treatment with a combination of medications including injectable medications. Insulin may also be used in combination with pills or by itself for type 2 diabetes. ...Read more

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Dr. Shari Jackson
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


Dr. Eric Whitman
342 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Nodules (Definition)

Masses in the thyroid that vary in size and should be ...Read more