Doctor insights on:
What Are The Different Stages Involved In This Cancer
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
ISS - Greipp et al.: International staging system -- the international staging system (iss) for myeloma was published by the intl myeloma working group in 2005: it is useful for comparing clinical trial , but has limited utility for each individual. Stage i: ?2-microglobulin (?2m) < 3.5 mg/l, Albumin >= 3.5 g/dl stage ii: ?2m < 3.5 & Albumin < 3.5 ; or ?2m 3.5- 5.5 irrespective of serum albumin stage iii: ?2m >= 5.5. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Many: The intestines are divided into the small intestines and the colon. There are about5 kinds of cancers of the small bowel, each stayed differently. Colon cancer staging has mobbed from "dukes" staging to i -iv and some have subsets a, b, andc. Treatment depends on accurate staging. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Generalized answer: There are many different types of skin cancer and therefore there' is no one answer but most cancers have several stages speaking in general terms and these fall into premalignant with atypia, in situ, early, advanced, invasive, and metastatic. Furthermore most cancers will be staged by the tnm classification. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
I-IV: Like most other tumors they are staged 1-4. The staging of the tumor site is a bit more complicated. It has to do with the local extent of the pleural disease and if one or both lungs are involved. This is used to guide surgical resection. There are a few centers that specialize in this uncommon tumors. There are some very complex surgeries and photodynamic treatment done for this. Center is key. ...Read more
Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Stages I - IV.: Stage i cervical cancer is when the tumor is confined within the uterus. Stage ii is when the cancer invades beyond the uterus, but not yet to the pelvic wall or the lower third of the vagina. Stage iii is when the tumor spreads to the wall of the pelvis or lower third of the vagina, or causes kidney problems. Stage IV is when the cancer invades the bladder, rectum, or extends outside the pelvis. ...Read moreSee 3 more doctor answers
Stages 0 thru 4: Stage 0 is cancer confined to the ducts or lobules. Stages 1 describes a small cancer without lymph node involvement. Stage 2 is where the cancer is medium sized and/or involving lymph nodes. Stage 3 is associated with cancers that are large, involve the overlying skin or chest muscles, or contiguous nodes. Stage 4 describes distant organ involvement called metastases. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No single answer: Cough, chest pain, blood in sputim, shortness of breath, weight loss are all possible symptoms of lung cancer, but are not exclusive to lung cancer. As the disease can spread to other organs, headache, weakness or numbness may signify involvement of the brain, pain in bones may signify bone involvement. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What are the stages of cardiomyopathy? And what are the symptoms of each stage? Can it be diagnosed in the early stages?
No stages: There are no stages. It's diagnosed by measuring the ejection fraction (which is the blood ejected in a single beat). Normal is 55%. Less than 55% is cardiomyopathy. Mild, moderate, & severe are often used to describe. There may be no symptoms. Breathlessness with exertion and easy fatiguability are early symptoms. Echocardiography is the test of choice to diagnose it. Cause is looked for next. ...Read more
4 stages: Stage 1: there is only one tumor, stage 2a: the tumor is not easily removed, but the disease is confined to one side of the body, all lymph nodes still remain free from the disease. 2b: the lymph nodes on the opposite side of the body are not found to show signs of the disease, but same side is affected, stage 3: the tumor has spread so that it can be found on both sides of the body. Stage 4:advac. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Survival, but.....: Used to be, the short answer was simply survival risk with stage 1 having the best prognosis and stage IV the worst. While stages 1/2 still have the highest survival rates but improved surgical techniques and chemotherapy and i'd add lifestyle changes, have leveled the playing field greatly. Colon cancer, even advanced is often quite treatable. ...Read more
4 stages: Stagei is con spidered localized. Sage ii is the first stage of advancement of the disease in the most advanced stage IV the disease has moved out of the cavity, into the spine and possibly other organs as well (including but not limited to the brain). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Skin vs. visceral: There are no specific stages, but the earliest form of ks is usually cutaneous (skin lesions), which can be mild or severe depending on how extensive it is. People with extensive ks or more advanced immunosuppression can develop visceral ks: involvement of internal organs such as the GI tract or lungs. Of those, lung involvement is usually has the worst prognosis. ...Read more
Is a malignancy: Colon cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer in the US, in men and women. Screening starts at the age of 40 years with stool samples for blood, and yearly rectal examination. Baseline colonoscopy starts at the age of 50. Treatment depends at the time of diagnosis. Usually involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation for rectal cancers. ...Read more
Variable: Small lesion peripheral in lung cell type squamous can be very high survival! small cell, large central lesion, poor prognosis and every possible variation between.. Surgical resection has best possible outcomes, followed by radiation and chemotherapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Gums that bleed: Gingivitis is the beginning stages, and by definition, your gums are inflamed, and you might see them bleed when you brush and floss. If this is left untreated, then the infection moves deeper into the jaw, and it progresses to the more severe, periodontal disease. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Thinking/trying/stop: People tend to either be thinking about quitting, ready to try to quit, or just stopped and working hard at staying that way. There are great resources for every smoker at http://www.Smokefree.Gov/ the important thing is to give it a try, and get some 'tobacco-free' days behind you. Then you're at the next stage! good luck! ...Read more
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