Doctor insights on:
What Are The Different Kinds Of Addiction
Depression: Dysthmia - chronic, low grade depression. Bipolar - periods of up and down energy & mood. Recurrent depression - depression comes back. Psychotic depression - lose touch with reality. Major depression - mood is impacted but so is function (things like appetite, sleep pattern, energy level, self-esteem, interest in activities, drive etc). ...Read more
Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more
Focal, generalized: Simply a generalized seizure occurs with a gran mal event, with a convulsion. A petit mal causes a brief lack of attention, and brief unawareness in adolescents. A focal motor sz causes focal unilateral shaking. Complex partial seizure starts with aura, such as deja vu, then repetitive automatic motions, then confusion, and amnesia that episode occurred. Other info available at aan.Com. ...Read more
Coma: The general broad categories of coma include (but not limited to): 1. structural: such as tumor, stroke, bleeding...etc 2. Metabolic/toxic: such as inborn errors of metabolism in children, hepatic encephalopathy, and drug/toxin ingestion/overdose 3. infectious: due to viral encephalitis, bacterial meningitis.. etc ...Read more
Officially 1 kind: An Orthodontist is a Dentist who has completed at least 5,000 hours of additional training, beyond Dental School, in an approved residency program, in all phases of Orthodontic Care, who has passed all the requisite tests, and who limits his/her practice to just the Specialty of Orthodontics. There are many non-Orthodontists who provide Orthodontic Care, but not with the same level of expertise. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
An Assortment: We all experience anxiety. It can appear in many forms. Charlie Brown once said 2 Linus,"Even my anxieties have anxieties." In extremes, it can take over our minds/lives. Then we may meet diagnostic criteria 4 an anx disorder Generalized Anx DO; Social Anx DO: Separation Anx DO; Panic DO w/ or w/out Agoraphobia; specific phobias. Closely related: Obsessive-Compulsive DO; Post-Traumatic Stress DO. ...Read more
Many types: There are many types of neuropathy, many associated with other disorders. Just a few..Acute motor, subacute sensorimotor, asymmetric polyneuropathies, chronic sensorimotor polyneuropathies, inherited polyneuropathies of mixed sensorimotor types-idiopathic type, metabolic type, neuropathy with mitochondrial disease, relapsing polyneuropathy, mononeuropathy/plexopathy. Some examples in topic tags. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Macroprolactin?: Hi. There is only one prolactin (PRL). Elevated PRL (from pituitary tumor and/or certain drugs) can cause hypogonadism in either gender, amenorrhea in women, and breast milk production (possible in either gender, but obviously more common in women). Macroprolactin (m-PRL) is an aggregate of PRL, so blood PRL measures high, but m-PRL doesn't cause a problem and doesn't need treatment. That's all! ...Read more
Antidepressants: There are several types of antidepressants. Some of the most common include the Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) and the Selective Serotonin and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs). Sometimes other medications get added on as well. A full discussion is grander in scope than this box allows. Also read about Cognitive Behavioral Therapy please. Link: http://tinyurl.com/zt59y8v ...Read more
Sle, discoid: Disocid lupus affects only skin and 5 per cent develop internal lupus. Systemic lupusaffectsjoints and other organs but my skip skin. Lupusprofundus affects the the deep skin and fat with localized seeking. Crossover or mctd can have signs of lupus and other collagen vascular diseases-- scleroderma, rheumatoid setbacks, polymyosists. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Cancers are...: classified by the type of cell or tissue from which they arise. This is determined by microscopic examination of a biopsy by a pathologist. Cancers of epithelial cells (which line the skin and organ surfaces) are called carcinomas, and are the most common. Sarcomas arise from connective tissues are less common, as are cancers of blood cells like leukemia and lymphoma. Many subtypes exist. ...Read more
Lymphoma types: are based on their microscopic appearance, expression of proteins on the cell surface, or specific gene mutations. To name a few: Hodgkins Lymphoma (classical, Lymphocyte rich, etc.). B-cell non-Hodgkins (NHL) include: Lymphoblastic, Burkitt's, Diffuse Large B-cell, Follicular, Mantle Cell, Small Lymphocytic. T-cell lymphomas are yet another group: Anaplastic Large Cell, Angioimmunoblastic, etc. ...Read more
Strokes maybe?: You may be referring to thrombotic and hemorrhagic strokes. Thrombotic or embolic means from a clot. These strokes most often happen when someone has a blood clot in the heart, and it breaks off and goes to the blood vessels in the brain. Usually from a heart rhythm called Atrial fibrillation. Hemorrhagic means caused by bleeding, a blood vessel breaks and bleeds into the brain. Both bad. ...Read more
Sadism: There's the paraphilia with sexual fantasies and/or gratification by inflicting physical or emotional pain on another. This usually requires a partner willing to have these things done to him or her. Not all sadism is acted out sexually. One can simply show callous, vicious, manipulative, and degrading behavior towards other people in everyday life. Usually, both both sides dwell within. ...Read more
5 common types: Hatha is slow-paced, gentle, & focused on breathing & meditation. Vinyasa employs breath-synchronized movement for body strength. Ashtanga/power yoga is fast-paced & intense. Lyengar focuses on strength/body alignment. Bikram/hot yoga is for loosening of tight muscles & sweating. There are many others. A yoga instructor can guide you to types that best suit your needs. ...Read more
Genetic/Aquired: There are basically three major kinds of Hyperlipidemias 1Familial or Genetic 2Aquired 3Idiopatic They can also be be classified according to which lipid is elevated 1Hypercholesreemia 2Hypertriglyceridemia 3Combined Familial type is classifies Type1,2,3,4,5 Aquired Causes are Diabetese,caused by drugs like diuretics ,beta blockers,Hypothyroidism,Metabolic Disorder/Nephrosis. Too vast to cover400L ...Read more
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