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Doctor insights on: What Are The Differences Between Hiv And Aids

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What are the differences between HIV and aids?

What are the differences between HIV and aids?

Infection severity: There are several differences between HIV and aids. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system. As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with acquired immund deficiency syndrome (aids). A person can also have aids if their cd4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is <200. ...Read more

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Dr. James Lin
16 doctors shared insights

Hiv (Definition)

Hiv infection is caused by a retrovirus....This retrovirus binds to CD4 cells (for the most part). You may detect the virus by several different methods. An elisa test (enzyme linked immunosorbent assay). You may also detect it by doing a test referred to as a western blot (a gel protein electrophoresis). Thirdly by pcr (polymerase chain reaction) which ...Read more


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What is the difference between aids and HIV in gays?

What is the difference between aids and HIV in gays?

Virus v disease: Aids is the manifestation of advanced HIV infection. The HIV virus destroys certain immune cells, cd4+ t-cells, and when those t-cell numbers get too low, the infected person begins to get unusual illnesses. This syndrome of illnesses is called aids. Straight people get HIV too. ...Read more

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What are the differences between an aids and autoimmune hepatitis?

What are the differences between an aids and autoimmune hepatitis?

AIDS/Hepatitis: Aids is the end stage of HIV infections. Autoimmune hepatitis is when the bodies own immune system attacks the liver causing inflammation and other ailments. ...Read more

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What are the differences between arv and haart?

What are the differences between arv and haart?

No difference: When referring to HIV therapy, they have the same meaning. Some providers use ARV while others prefer HAART to describe combination therapy for HIV. ...Read more

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What is the difference between HIV and aids?

What is the difference between HIV and aids?

HIV is the virus: that causes AIDS. Human immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection destroys the immune system resulting in multiple infections and tumors. The full blown clinical picture with destroyed immune system is called Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome .(AIDS) ...Read more

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What are the differences between ELISA and immunoassay?

What are the differences between ELISA and immunoassay?

ELISA one type of: immunoassay. Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay is one type of immunoassay. Others are agglutination, flocculation, precipitation, turidimetry, nephelometry, radio-immunoassay, etc. Pregnancy test is one example of an immunoassay. ...Read more

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What are the differences between Spirochetes and Spirilla?

What are the differences between Spirochetes and Spirilla?

Rat-bite Fever or syphilis!: Two different bacteria! Spirillum is a bacteria that usually lives in fresh water and can cause "rat bite fever." See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirillum Spirochetes are another form of gram negative bacteria, but have a double cell membrane and include the bacteria that causes syphilis. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spirochaete ...Read more

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What's the difference between HIV and aids?

What's the difference between HIV and aids?

HIV versus AIDS: They are essentially the same. Hiv is the name of the virus and the illness. Human immunodeficiency virus causes the infection that attacks one's immune cells. The death of these cells, if untreated, lead to a weakening of one's defense against infection. If that weakness puts the patient at risk for death from these infections they then have aids. ...Read more

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What are the differences between mono and meningitis?

What are the differences between mono and meningitis?

Mono vrs meningitis: Mononucleosis makes you sick, could also give you meningitis (not so common but). When you add mono illness, confusion, disorientation, severe headache, stiff neck, ataxia, etc, worry about mono meningitis. Most likely viral, very rare bacterial. ...Read more

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What are the differences between poliovirus and poliomyelitis?

What are the differences between poliovirus and poliomyelitis?

Germ/condition: Poliovirus is an enterovirus that is well known for producing paralytic poliomyelitis in some of those infected by the germ. Myelitis is a condition where the nerve cells are injured. Poliomyelitis defines the injury as caused by the poliovirus. ...Read more

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What is the difference between HIV and full-blown aids?

Virus v disease: Aids is the manifestation of advanced HIV infection. The HIV virus destroys certain immune cells, cd4+ t-cells, and when those t-cell numbers get too low, the infected person begins to get unusual illnesses. This syndrome of illnesses is called aids. ...Read more

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What is the association between HIV and htlv?

What is the association between HIV and htlv?

Retroviruses: Both are retroviruses but have distinct methods of transmission and patterns of disease. ...Read more

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What are the differences between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

What are the differences between hiv-1 and hiv-2?

Source of infection: Hiv-1 is the more common form of HIV in the usa/europe, while hiv-2 occurs predominantly in west african nations, and former portuguese colonies, such as angola, mozambique, and brazil, and in parts of india (goa, maharashtra). Many hiv1 medications are effective against hiv2. Usa cases of hiv2 are projected to be several hundred, although estimates vary. ...Read more

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What are the differences between the three stages of Lyme disease?

What are the differences between the three stages of Lyme disease?

Local, systemic: 1. Early localized (flu-like symptoms within wks). 2.Early disseminated-spreading thru body (facial paralysis-bell's palsy, joint aches or swelling, palpitations-weeks to mos later). 3. Late disseminated: centralnervous system- movement, speech problems, numbness, tingling, muscle problems, weakness, cognitive problems. Germ causing lyme cousin of syphilis germ-get it differently, behaves similar. ...Read more

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What are some of the relationship between hepatitis C virus and diabetes?

What are some of the relationship between hepatitis C virus and diabetes?

Negative relations: Diabetes has somewhat negative impact on hepatitis c. Diabetes can cause fat in the liver, which in turn can result in rapid progression of liver disease. ...Read more

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What are the similarities between blood and lymph?

What are the similarities between blood and lymph?

None: They are two different systems although the lymph ultimately flows into the blood circulation. ...Read more

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What are the differences between pandemics and epidemics?

What are the differences between pandemics and epidemics?

The areas involved: Pandemic disease are prevalent over a whole country or the world. An epidemic is widespread infectious disease in a community . ...Read more

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What are the differences between swine flu and other types of the flu?

What are the differences between swine flu and other types of the flu?

Different strains: There are a large number of different varieties of influenza virus that have natural affinity for different species. Bird flu and swine flu are two such strains. The animal viruses occasionally acquire the ability to infect humans. ...Read more

Dr. Ed Friedlander
1,489 doctors shared insights

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (Definition)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a member of the retrovirus family) that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids), [1][2] a condition in humans in which progressive failure of the immune system allows life-threatening opportunistic infections ...Read more


Dr. Martin Raff
696 doctors shared insights

Aids (Definition)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, is the final stage of HIV, which causes intense damage to the immune system. It is associated with a low CD4 lymphocytes count and clinical signs of immune dysfunction. Specifically, AIDS begins when the CD4 cell ...Read more