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Doctor insights on: What Are The Dietary Restrictions Prior To Pericardiocentesis

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What are the dietary restrictions prior to pericardiocentesis?

What are the dietary restrictions prior to pericardiocentesis?

No eating/drinking: Typically patients are held npo (without food or drink) for 4-6 hours prior to the procedure. ...Read more

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Dr. Dawn Jaroszewski
97 doctors shared insights

Pericardiocentesis (Definition)

Pericardiocentesis refers to placing a needle into the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium) and withdrawing fluid which can be for diagnosis or treatment. This is often done using ultrasound to ...Read more


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What does pericardiocentesis show?

Fluid: The pericardium is the sac around the heart. It has a small amount of normal clear fluid. If there is more fluid, then one needs to find the cause. Blood heart failure renal failure pus can be identified with the "centesis" is drawing the sample of fluid. ...Read more

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When is pericardiocentesis performed?

When is pericardiocentesis performed?

For excessive fluid: The surgeon or cardiologist may do this with local or additional anesthesia depending on the issue. Fluoroscopy, ultrasound, or ct can be used to help guide the needle and / or/ catheter introduction through the skin, soft tissue, pericardium to get to the fluid or blood identified on the original test-echo. The goal is to relieve tamponade and make a diagnosis. ...Read more

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How is pericardiocentesis typically performed?

How is pericardiocentesis typically performed?

With a needle.: A needle is introduced into the chest and through the pericardium ( the sac around the heart) into the pericardial space (between the pericardium and the heart) where excess fluid has accumulated. A flexible wire is advanced through the needle into the pericardial space and the needle is withdrawn. A flexible drain tube is advanced over the wire and the wire removed. The fluid is then drained. ...Read more

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What are normal results for pericardiocentesis?

Not needed: If there is a need for pericardiocentesis, something is abnormal. Either increased volume, blood, pus, cancer cells. Etc. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: pericardiocentesis?

What is the definition or description of: pericardiocentesis?

Remove fluid: Pericardiocentesis refers to placing a needle into the sac surrounding the heart (pericardium) and withdrawing fluid which can be for diagnosis or treatment. This is often done using ultrasound to help guide the needle. ...Read more

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What are the precautions taken with pericardiocentesis?

What are the precautions taken with pericardiocentesis?

Various Pecautions: Pericardiocentesis is done in a cardiac catheterization laboratory under sterile conditions with high-quality x-ray equipment. Before performing the procedure, the cardiac ultrasound will indicate whether the fluid collection is accessible to the cardiologist by way of a catheter. Telemetry is monitored and contrast is periodically injected to assure that the heart is not perforated. ...Read more

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What are the risks of having a pericardiocentesis performed?

What are the risks of having a pericardiocentesis performed?

Many: Laceration of a coronary artery. Perforation of the ventricle. Laceration or puncture of a great vessel. Pneumothorax. Hemorrhage of a non-compressible vessel. Infection. Arrhythmia. Any one of the above can easily result in death. Don't try this at home. Done by an expert, it's very safe. ...Read more

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Is a pericardiocentesis done by ultrasound?

Is a pericardiocentesis done by ultrasound?

It's done by needle: It's done with a needle. Echocardiography is done before and after to see the fluid in the pericardial sack, so i guess you could call it ultrasound guided. ...Read more

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Why can pericardiocentesis be used to diagnose pericarditis?

Why can pericardiocentesis be used to diagnose pericarditis?

Examine fluid: The fluid identified on echo is aspirated( that is the pericardiocentesis) it is examined for blood, infection, cellular contents malignant cells tuberculosis bacteria, fungus or other causative agents can be identified or grown in cultures. ...Read more

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