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Doctor insights on: What Are The Core Symptoms Of Neural Tube Defects

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What are the core symptoms of neural tube defects?

What are the core symptoms of neural tube defects?

None: There are no symptoms in a pregnant woman if her baby has a neural tube defect. The blood test for maternal serum Alpha fetoprotein (msafp) is frequently elevated, if she has that testing done, but an ultrasound is necessary to diagnose a neural tube defect in the baby. ...Read more

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Dr. Richard Roberts
61 doctors shared insights

Neural Tube Defect (Definition)

Neural tube defects are birth defects of the brain, spine, or spinal cord. They happen in the first month of pregnancy, often before a woman even knows that she is pregnant. The most common neural tube defects are spina ...Read more


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What are the tests for neural tube defects?

Antepartum Dx.: There are screening tests available to detect neural tube defects in the fetus. The most common is called alfa fetoprotein. The levels of this substance is significantly increased if the fetus is affected with an open neural tube defect. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neural tube defect?

What are the tests for neural tube defect?

Ultrasound, MSAFP.: Prenatal ultrasound should have >90% sensitivity for open neural tube defect detection around 20 weeks. Earlier (>16 weeks) risk stratification can occur with screening maternal blood for AFP - although that is not diagnostic and has to be followed by ultrasound for confirmation and/or differential diagnosis. Fetal MRI is used as part of evaluation for possible fetal surgery to treat spina bifida. ...Read more

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What are the signs of spina bifida?

What are the signs of spina bifida?

Spina Bifida: Depends on the type; 1. Spina bifida occulta shows small gap in 1 or more of spinal bones, seen in newborn as a small dimple or birth mark or tuft of hair or fat collection. 2. Meningocele shows as bulging of meninges (sheath around spinal cord) through the opening in back. 3. Myelomeningocele is wider protrusion through several vertebrae, forming a large sac. This is most severe. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of endocardial cushion defects?

What are the symptoms of endocardial cushion defects?

CHF. : Endocardial cushion defects or a-v canal defects cause a significal left to right intra-cardiac shunt. Increased blood flow to the lungs cause CHF symptoms like increased breathing, failure to thrive, difficulty feeding. ...Read more

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What are the imaging signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects?

What are the imaging signs and symptoms of congenital heart defects?

Echo and cath. : From an imaging standpoint, an echocardiogram and cardiac catheterization would give the most definitive answers for a congenital heart defect. These studies can define the anatomy and function so decisions can be made regarding therapy. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of anencephaly?

What are the symptoms of anencephaly?

None.: The mother usually has no symptoms when she is carrying an anencephalic infant, however this is a lethal fetal anomaly. Its recurrence in future pregnancies can be prevented with daily use of Folic Acid at 4-5 mg. ...Read more

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What are the spinal disorders that cause neural tension?

What are the spinal disorders that cause neural tension?

Nerve root traction: What are the spinal disorders that cause neural tension? Nerve traction or neural tension can because by anything that stretches the spinal cord and nerve roots. Some of those conditions are spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, herniated or bulging discs. Bone spurs at the exit of the nerve root at the neural foramina can also cause nerve traction. Least likely is a space occupying lesion such a. ...Read more

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What is neural tube defects often mentioned in pregnancy..?

Spina Bifida: "neural tube defects" is a general name for developmental problems regarding the early developing spinal cord. The most commonly known defect is called "spina bifida" -- a defect in which the developing spinal cord is open to the skin on the back of the baby. This can lead to bowel or bladder control problems, neurologic problems, and even paralysis. ...Read more

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What are the physical impacts of heart defects?

What are the physical impacts of heart defects?

Varies with type: The impact of the defect depends on the type of defect. Some defects have virtually no physical signs, and your baby or child may look and act perfectly normal and have no restreictions. Other types of heart defects can pose serious restrictions on the child, from bluish or grayish coloring to fatigue, poor feeding, lack of growth or exercise intolerance just to name a few. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a congenital heart defect?

What are the symptoms of a congenital heart defect?

They vary widely: A congenital heart defect may be so mild that there are no symptoms during an individual's lifetime. At the other end of the spectrum, there may be severe distress at the time of birth. There are many different types of congenital heart defects and levels of severity such that a description of common symptoms is usually related to a specific defect. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of ms in the spinal cord?

What are the symptoms of ms in the spinal cord?

See below: Please consult this site for symptoms of MS. Note that, by definition, MS affects multiple sites in the nervous system. http://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/guide/multiple-sclerosis-symptoms#1 ...Read more

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So what are the symptoms of congenital malformation?

So what are the symptoms of congenital malformation?

Which one?: There are many different congenital malformations with many different symptoms. ...Read more

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What are the differences between the neural tube and the dorsal nerve cord?

What are the differences between the neural tube and the dorsal nerve cord?

Neural tube vs DNC: Same thing. Read about Neural Tube. You'll learn more ! Read about the sonic hedgehog and how it influences the development of the ventral portions of the neural tube. This is amazing stuff. We've learned a lot about the nitty gritty of embryology in the past 5 years ! ...Read more

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What are the physical impacts of gastrointestinal tract birth defects?

What are the physical impacts of gastrointestinal tract birth defects?

That depends...: The physical effects of gastrointestinal birth defects depend on what the condition is. Gastroschisis and omphalocele are two GI defects requiring surgery. In both cases, the most common problems in follow-up are related to poor motility of the intestinal tract. The baby may have trouble tolerating feedings and may get distended/bloated, may spit up, and may not stool as often as expected. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a c3c4 schwannoma?

What are the symptoms of a c3c4 schwannoma?

Depends: This depends on where exactly its located (central vs foramenal), and how big it is. Some present with no symptoms, others can have neck pain, still others can have weakness, imbalance, sensory problems and more (myelopathy). Hope this helps. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms and signs of the upper motor neuron lesion (cortex, internal capsule, brainstem, spinal cord) ?

What are the symptoms and signs of the upper motor neuron lesion (cortex, internal capsule, brainstem, spinal cord) ?

Variable, but: Typical results of a stroke affecting brainstem and rostral structures, could see focal weakness over unilateral arm and leg, with possible problem with speech. Spinal cord smaller area and maybe both legs and less commonly unilateral arm and leg. ...Read more

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What are the core symptoms of pericarditis?

What are the core symptoms of pericarditis?

Chest pain, fatigue: The usual symptoms of pericarditis include sharp chest pain, fatigue, shortness of breath, and possibly exercise intolerance. If the process is acute, or sudden onset (often from an infectious etiology), you may also have signs of infection such as fever, headache, muscle aches/pains, etc. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a meningocele?

Bulging sac: This is a developmental malformation of the nervous system where the normal posterior structures do not form properly. Usually a bulging sac is seen in the back which contains the 'meningocele'. They can leak causing meningitis and are usually surgically fixed. The kids however are not otherwise symptomatic as apposed to the myelomeningocele patients. Spinal deformity present. ...Read more