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Doctor insights on: What Are The Characteristics Of An Individual With Albinism

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What are the characteristics of an individual with albinism?

What are the characteristics of an individual with albinism?

Congenital condition: This is a congenital condition characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, eyes and hair. Some people have a complete lack of pigmentation, while other only have their eyes affected. ...Read more

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What is albinism?

What is albinism?

Albinism: Albinos inherit a deficiency in a gene which makes pigment. Pigment is protective against sun and other environmental influences it is usually a recessive and therefore the abnormal gene is in both parents with a 25% of albino offspring (higher if the parent is albino themselves). Multiple body systems can be affected including vision. Sun sensitivity is extreme. ...Read more

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What is albinism?

What is albinism?

Congenital condition: This is a congenital condition characterized by the complete or partial absence of pigment in the skin, eyes and hair. ...Read more

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What causes albinism?

What causes albinism?

No: Oculocutaneous albinism is a genetic defect of the enzyme in our body that produces melanin. There are no cures or treatments for this genetic condition. ...Read more

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Can albinism be cured?

Can albinism be cured?

No: Albinism is a genetic pigmentary disorder. The genetic defect that affects enzymes that are involving in pigment (melanin) production or distributive pathways. With this condition, it is absolutely imperative to use sunscreen/block, sunglasses, and sun protective clothing to prevent uv induced damages. ...Read more

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How can albinism be diagnosed?

How can albinism be diagnosed?

Exam and testing: Albinism is a genetic disease of the enzyme that produces melanin. Genetic testing is available for the defective genes and a "hair bulb assay"-testing the hair follicles for the defective enzyme is also available. ...Read more

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Could albinism be prenatally detected?

Yes for most types: Several varieties of albinism exist, and prenatal diagnosis is available for most of them. ...Read more

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 are there different types of albinism?

 are there different types of albinism?

Yes: There are two principle types, the first which affects only the eyes, and the other which affects the eyes, hair and skin. ...Read more

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Is it possible to grow out of albinism?

Is it possible to grow out of albinism?

No: Albinism is a genetic disease of the enzyme that produces melanin. There are not treatments or cures for this condition to date, . ...Read more

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How can I tell if im a carrier for albinism?

How can I tell if im a carrier for albinism?

Pedigree analysis: Albinism is a recessive trait, meaning that it entails the loss of a function and you must have two copies of the gene to see it. The way to know if you are a carrier is to examine your ancestors and see if there is a history of albinism in a direct ancestor. There are also genetic tests available. A genetic counselor can help if this is a major concern for you. ...Read more