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Doctor insights on: What Are The Causes Coarctation Of The Aorta

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What are the causes coarctation of the aorta?

What are the causes coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing: Coarctation usually occurs near the site of the pda. The PDA is a normal channel in the fetal circulation which helps blood bypass the lungs (since fetuses don't breathe). When the baby is born, the PDA constricts and closes. In some patients, the aorta also become constricted and leads to coarctation. ...Read more

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Aorta (Definition)

The aorta is the largest artery in the body, leaving directly from the left ventricle of the heart to supply blood to the entire body. It is made of elastic tissue layers called "intima" and is subject to damage by high blood pressure, smoking, cholesterol, ...Read more


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What causes the coarctation of the aorta?

What causes the coarctation of the aorta?

Congenital: It is a cogenital defect and is present in utero ( before birth). ...Read more

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Does any one know what causes the coarctation of the aorta in people?

Does any one know what causes the coarctation of the aorta in people?

Abnormal embryology: By definition coarctation of the aorta is a abnormality of vascular embryology. At birth flow is adequate for the limited activity i the new born and early toddler years, but as children age, their growing bodies and activity out grows the narrowed aorta's ability to supply enough blood fast enough to keep up. ...Read more

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Can coarctation of aorta cause cyanosis? Is cyanosis due to hypoxia?

Can coarctation of aorta cause cyanosis? Is cyanosis due to hypoxia?

Not in isolation: Coarctation only causes cyanosis when it is associated with other heart disease that allows blue blood to cross over to the red blood side. Cyanosis occurs in two situations: 1. When blue blood gets to the red blood side ("right-to-left shunting) or 2. When blood is not fully oxygenated in the lungs ("pulmonary venous desaturation"). ...Read more

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Why coarctation of aorta in infantile, cause passes of the blood from pulmonary artery to the aorta through pda?

Why coarctation of aorta in infantile, cause passes of the blood from pulmonary artery to the aorta through pda?

Plumbing!: Blood must get to the body, else the fetus would not survive. The same is true once the baby is born. In utero, blood flows from pulm artery (pa) to aorta (ao) normally. Once born, the blood continues to flow this way so that blood can get to the body. When the PDA closes, the child becomes very sick. ...Read more

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Why coarctation of aorta gets worsen with vsd?

More info: A vsd doesn't worsen coarctation. They are 2 heart defects that can be seen together with some frequency, but the vsd doesn't make the other worse. ...Read more

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What chromosome abnormalities are accompanied by coarctation of aorta?

What chromosome abnormalities are accompanied by coarctation of aorta?

See below:: Doctors don't know for sure why certain people are born with coarctaton of the aorta (coa). Coa is fairly common in girls born with turner syndrome, a genetic disorder in which one of a girl's two x chromosomes is incomplete or missing. ...Read more

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Why doesn't coarctation of aorta affect the 1st and 2nd intercostal arteries?

Why doesn't coarctation of aorta affect the 1st and 2nd intercostal arteries?

Coarctation of aorta: Coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the aorta, so if the narrowing is below the 1st or 2nd intercostal artery then likely those arteries would not be affected. Also there is a good collateral circulation along the spinal cord which helps to protect the circulation. ...Read more

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How effective are spider vein treatments? What is the average cost? I have had vsd and coarctation of aorta repair as a baby as well.

Spider vein therapy: Are the spider veins on you face or legs? Average cost depends on are and modality of treatment, i.e. Sclerotherapy or laser treatment. I recommend that you have a consult with a few providers to discuss your best options. Good luck! ...Read more

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I have had vsd repair and coarctation of aorta am i more susceptible for heart attack. Warning signs? How to tell if its a heart attack or anxiety?

I have had vsd  repair and coarctation of aorta am i more susceptible for heart attack. Warning signs? How to tell if its a heart attack  or anxiety?

Possibly: Patients with coarctation are, unfortunately, at greater risk of coronary artery disease. The reason is not well understood, but there is good evidence to support this. Please discuss the warning signs with your doctor; but they include severe chest pain, palpitations, arm pain, sweating, fainting, difficulty breathing. Please seek medical attention immediately if you are concerned. ...Read more

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Why coarctation of aorta in infants, causing blood flow from pulmonary artery to aorta?

PDA : It would only do that if the coarctation was severe and there was a patent ductus arteriosus (pda) which is a connecting artery between the aorta and pulmonary artery, leading to blood flow from pa to the descending aorta. ...Read more

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I want to know more on coarctation of the aorta, what is the cause and how can it be treated?

Narrowing of aorta: Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital disease, i.e. Present at birth. It is a narrowing of the aorta, usually near the ductus arteriosus insertion to the aorta. Mild forms may not cause much symptoms early in life. Treatment depends on severity and location, which may be conservative in mild forms. Surgery (or catheter based procedures) may be needed in more severe forms. ...Read more

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Can coarctation of the aorta cause poor growth in height?

Can coarctation of the aorta cause poor growth in height?

Possible but...: It certainly could, though growth retardation is not a classic side effect. Hypertension is most common in older individuals (after infancy, but including children). Slow growth only is not likely related. ...Read more

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Is coarctation of the aorta caused by genetics?

Sometimes: Some girls with turner syndrome have coarctation of the aorta. In general, congenital heart disease in live births is associated with genetic syndromes at least 30% of the time. Even when a genetic amniocentesis had normal results, neonatologists, pediatric cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons often refer to geneticists for clinical evaluations and further laboratory studies. ...Read more

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Can swelling in the limbs be caused by coarctation of the aorta?

Usually not: It's unlikely that coarctation of the aorta will cause any form of swelling in the upper extremities or lower extremities. ...Read more

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Can you please explain to me how aortic coarctation can cause nothing of the ribs?

Notching: Notching. Because blood can't reach the left arm and lower body, the intercostal arteries (which run between the ribs) enlarge to bypass the area of blockage. Over time, this interferes with rib growth causing notches. ...Read more

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What is coarctation of the aorta?

Narrowing of alrta: Coarctation is a narrowing of the main vessel (aorta). It leads to hypertension and increased work for the heart. Untreated it leads to stroke coronary disease and death. Therapeutic options are surgery or catheter therapy. ...Read more

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