Doctor insights on:
What Are The Cancer Risks Of The Different Hormone Therapies
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
See below: Some of the risk factors measured on the gail risk assessment are young age at first menstrual cycle, older age at first live childbirth, number of first degree relatives with breast cancer (mother, sister, daughter). Other risks may be prolonged exposure to estrogen medications, obesity, lack of exercise, cigarette smoking, excess intake of alcohol or fatty foods, etc. ...Read more
Thyroid ca stage: If you are under 45, you can only be stage I in the thyroid or II with distant mets to the lungs, etc. Over 45, the staging is more proscriptive. T1 less than 1 cm. T2 1-4 cm. T3 (liothyronine) > 4 cm. T4 extra thyroidal extension. Nodal metastasis is staged N1a for central neck nodes, N1b for lateral neck nodes. M1 is for distant mets. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
4 types: Papillary, follicular, medullary, anaplastic both papillary and follicular cancers are typically treated with complete removal of the lobe of the thyroid that harbors the cancer, in addition to the removal of most or all of the other side. Medullary cancer of the thyroid is significantly less common, but has a worse prognosis. Thyroid cancer anaplastic has a poor prognosis. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Is a malignancy: Colon cancer is the third leading cause of death from cancer in the US, in men and women. Screening starts at the age of 40 years with stool samples for blood, and yearly rectal examination. Baseline colonoscopy starts at the age of 50. Treatment depends at the time of diagnosis. Usually involves surgery, chemotherapy and radiation for rectal cancers. ...Read more
Chemotherapy: Whether primary or metastatic, liver lesions treated by an array of approaches. If a lesion is single then surgery can be used by performing partial hepatic resection. Up to 3 lesions are frequently resected. when multiple the microwave ablation used in lesions under 5 cm. Otherwise chemoembolization employed catheterizing the hepatic artery branch to tumor and using chemo or isotope infusion. ...Read more
It depends: Surgery means healing and some pain. The length of recovery depends on surgery via larger incision or minimally invasive or robotic. Any surgery can have infection, bleeding or damage to adjacent organs as a "side effect" complication. If you mean radiation, that depends on the amount and how it is delivered but can affect your bowels and bladder. Chemo is usually not used but can be unpleasant. ...Read more
What are the survival rates for the various types of breast cancer surgeries? Does the type of surgery affect whether the cancer will reappear?
Equal survival: The survival rates for breast conservation and mastectomy are the same. There is a slightly higher rate of local recurrence for breast conservation (with radiation it should be <1% per year out to 10 years) but this does not impact survival which is the most important consideration of any cancer treatment. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Variable: Small lesion peripheral in lung cell type squamous can be very high survival! small cell, large central lesion, poor prognosis and every possible variation between.. Surgical resection has best possible outcomes, followed by radiation and chemotherapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Genetics: Well, unless you are adopted, you share the genetic pool of your family, and some cancers, especially breast and colon, are familial. Know your family history so your physician can take appropriate steps. For example, colon cancer family members need a screening colonoscopy a decade before the general population. Live a healthy life, be aware of yourself, and be educated. Good luck. ...Read more
A large number: Wikipedia is pretty good on this. It's a major research subject nowadays as well as a big part of a pathologist's job. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/breast_cancer_classification. ...Read more
Complex Question!: What is it that you are trying to get at? There are many, many cancer treatments that we use(over 100+) and then there are all kinds of cells in the body(and in the cancer tumors) that I do not know where to begin addressing your question...So please make it simple and to the point of relevance! ...Read more
Infection: Infection is the biggest risk. Bleeding and swelling can occur leading to trouble urinating. Most are done in urologist office while awake and there can sometimes be pain. Few patients are done under anesthesia based on patients health. Transrectal is how most biopsies are accomplished. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Generally 4 types: There are 4 types of thyroid cancer. 1)papillary (most common), 2)follicular and hurthle cells, 3)medullary and 4)anaplastic (least common and most aggressive). Lymphoma and metastatic disease from other cancer (renal cell, melanoma) can also go to the thyroid. ...Read moreSee 4 more doctor answers
Depends: The chance of chemotherapy working depends on a number of factors including -- tumor type, stage, prognostic factors as well as host (patient) characteristics such as age, genetics, etc. Those same factors including chemotherapy type, dose, frequency, duration effect the type of side effects that might be experienced. ...Read more
A hormone (from greek ὁρμή, "impetus") is a chemical released by a cell or a gland in one part of the body that sends out messages that affect cells in other parts of the organism. Only a little amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. In essence, it is a chemical messenger that transports a signal from ...Read more
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