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What Are Some Common Treatments For Hypernatremia
More water/fluid: Usually more water or fluid intake.Get a more detailed answer ›
Water: High sodium is usually the result of water loss. This happens when a person loses their sense of thirst or is unable to obtain water when thirsty. Alternatively high na may be from infusion or ingestion of excess salt. The treatment may require water and diuretics, dialysis could be useful in some cases. This is the rarer of the two causes.If conscious these patients are very thirsty. ...Read more
Hypernatremia: The best treatment for hypernatremia (h) is hypotonic fluid administration, either orally or intravenously. Patients who have h have lost water in excess of salt. That is why they have h. Giving them oils, which cannot replenish the amount of water lost by a person with h, is not an appropriate treatment for it. H is a dangerous condition and patients with it are usually best treated in an er. ...Read more
Thirst and Others: Early symptoms of hypernatremia include thirst, dehydration, lethargy, irritability, disorientation, confusion, and weakness. However, severe symptoms include tremor, rigidity, seizures, coma, and death. The neurological symptoms are associated with rapid changes in the serum sodium. Slower changes are better tolerated. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Water depletion: Great question, one that many in the med field don't quite understand. Hypernatremia (high blood sodium level) is a water dehydration state. Hyponatremia is a water excess ('intoxicated' state--it takes a mental disorder to drink so much water that it lowers serum sodium). When elderly don't drink enough water, are on a diuretic, gets a fever or uti, they easily get water depleted, hypernatremic. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
IV fluids: One of the reasons people who are dehydrated (d) receive Normal Saline (ns) is that they are hypotensive from whatever caused their d. If they are not hypotensive it is more prudent that they receive 1/2 saline to give them fluid in excess of salt. An alternate IV therapy for d is giving those patients 5% dextrose which delivers no sodium to them, if they are not hypotensive. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Drink water: Most patients who develop hypernatremia are not able to get enough water. This can occur in setting of environmental exposure, or in healthcare settings when patients have dementia or stroke. The latter two conditions can diminish the thirst reflex which is normally very powerful. Many nursing home patients also develop this as they are not able to get water to drink and rely of staff to provide. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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