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Doctor insights on: What Are Blebs In Lungs

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What are lung blebs?

What are lung blebs?

Cysts: lung blebs are air-filled cysts at the top or apices of the lungs. symptoms usually are manifested as a spontaneous pneumothorax in a teenager. initially a chest tube is placed to re-expand the lung. once expanded a chest CT is done to check for cysts. the cysts can be stapled using thoracoscopic technique. ...Read more

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Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


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What is bullae in lungs?

What is bullae in lungs?

Emphysema: A bulla is an air space in the lung measuring more than one centimeter in diameter in the distended state. Giant bullae develop as a result of cigarette smoking. Patients with HIV and IV drug users can also have bullous lung disease. Patients may have shortness of breath with exertion or at rest. Surgical removal is called bullectomy. ...Read more

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What are mild emphysematous blebs on upper right apex of the lung? Are these dangerous?

What are mild emphysematous blebs on upper right apex of the lung? Are these dangerous?

Emphysema: is a disease of the lung which is either caused by smoking or a genetic disorder. Emphysema destroys lung tissue and creates holes called blebs that look like Swiss cheese holes. By themselves, they are not dangerous, but they can lead to pneumothorax (collapsed lung). Since they are associated with smoking, they can be the location of future lung cancer. So please STOP SMOKING. ...Read more

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How are the lungs covered in pleura?

How are the lungs covered in pleura?

Two layers: Lungs are covered in two layers of pleura, visceral and parietal. Both the thin layers of connective tissue with flattened epithelial lining. There is a potential space between the two layers and normally there is a small amount amount of lubrication fluid between the layers. ...Read more

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What are histoplasmosis and emphysema?

What are histoplasmosis and emphysema?

Histoplasmosis is...: A fungal infection that can affect the lungs and can be found in the usa in the upper mississippi and ohio river valleys. Emphysema is a chronic lung disease often caused by smoking which is also called copd. People with emphysema are more likely to be chronically infected with histo. ...Read more

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Are crackles in your lungs always pneumonia?

Are crackles in your lungs always pneumonia?

No: Not always. Other lung pathology can result in "crackles" when your doctor listens to your lungs. ...Read more

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What are emphysematous changes with small blebs and bulla? What do they mean?

What are emphysematous changes with small blebs and bulla? What do they mean?

Emphysema: is a disease of the lung which is either caused by smoking or a genetic abnormality. The normal lung is made of microscopic holes which hold oxygen the way a sponge holds water. Emphysema causes these holes to get larger because of destruction of the tissue. Blebs and bulla are the medical term for these areas of lung that look like Swiss cheese holes or small balloons. If you smoke, PLEASE STOP. ...Read more

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What kind of lung problems can happen if your lungs are underdeveloped?

What kind of lung problems can happen if your lungs are underdeveloped?

As in a : Premature infant? The lungs require a substance called surfactant to keep the alveoli open, or the infant is oxygen starved. High doses of oxygen can lead to pulmonary fibrosis, and blindness (retrolental hyperplasia). ...Read more

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What are causes of alveolar wall damage in copd?

What are causes of alveolar wall damage in copd?

Imbalance: We have chemicals called proteases which can break down tissue and anti-proteases which turn them off. People susceptible to COPD have an excess of proteolytic enzymes which break down the alveolar wall over time. ...Read more

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Why there are bilateral interstitial infiltrates initially in ARDS and then the infiltrates get into alveoli?

Why there are bilateral interstitial infiltrates initially in ARDS and then the infiltrates get into alveoli?

ARDS: Typically a mixed picture but sometimes described by radiographic manifestations that are present at certain points in time and they can vary. ...Read more

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When babies are born, are they screened for cystic fibrosis? Also, can a chest xray indicate cystic fibrosis in the lungs?

When babies are born, are they screened for cystic fibrosis? Also, can a chest xray indicate cystic fibrosis in the lungs?

Depends: The specifics of newborn screening are defined on a state to state basis. Many states screen for CF, but this was not added to the screening in my state until about 10 years ago. The x-ray changes that may be seen in some older CF patients are not present in early childhood and not specific to the disease when they are seen. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of pulmonary embolism pe?

What are the symptoms of pulmonary embolism pe?

Short of breath: Sudden onset shortness of breath. Sometimes sharp chest pain that changes with breathing. Rapid heart rate and occasionally if big pe dizziness and fainting. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of lung cancer compared to emphysema?

What are the symptoms of lung cancer compared to emphysema?

Cough: Emphysema typically causes breathlessness with exertion. Cancer is silent at first, but later can cause persistent cough or even coughing up blood. Chest pain that is persistent may occur. Emphysema generally doesn't cause much coughing, unlike chronic bronchitis which often occurs in combination (copd). ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of COPD in smokers?

What are the symptoms of COPD in smokers?

Symptoms...: Symptoms of COPD include cough with sputum production which will be above the smoker's baseline cough. Also, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight loss or gain, difficulty sleeping. These symptoms will be worse than the smokers' baseline. The best treatment as well as prevention is smoking cessation which your doctor can help you with. ...Read more

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I have 4 spiculated lung nodules they are all about 2cm what are the chances of malignancy?

I have 4 spiculated lung nodules they are all about 2cm what are the chances of malignancy?

Could be high or low: Depending on their size, other tests that might be next (pet scan), your history and whether you smoked tobacco. It's good to see someone who specializes in evaluating lung nodules. Multiple nodules (of the sort you describe) are often benign, as solid tumors tend to be "lone", but rules of thumb are just that. Its best to see your doctor. ...Read more

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What does, "The lungs are hypoinflated resulting in mild perihilar and basilar bronchovascular crowding" mean? What are treatment methods?

What does, "The lungs are hypoinflated resulting in mild perihilar and basilar bronchovascular crowding" mean? What are treatment methods?

Exhaled: It sounds like the X-Ray was taken following exhalation rather than inhalation. Nothing is wrong, but if there is a ny concern, another ray can be done. ...Read more

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What happens in the lungs when you have fibrosing mediastinitis?

What happens in the lungs when you have fibrosing mediastinitis?

Gradual decline: Fibrosing mediastinitis is usually an excessive allergic response to histoplasmosis but may have other causes. It is an over formation of scar tissue in the mediastinum that over time can affect the blood vessels to the lungs and also cause bronchial obstruction in late stages. Blood vessel involvement can cause segmental lung infarction and pleurisy. These complications are rare . ...Read more

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What are the causes of air bubbles in sinuses?

What are the causes of air bubbles in sinuses?

Fluid in the sinus: Air / fluid levels, or bubbles in the sinuses may be an indication of an infection and best to see your otolarygologist. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of a lung nodule and are they malignant?

What are the symptoms of a lung nodule and are they malignant?

No symptoms: Lung nodules have no symptoms, unfortunately. Most of the time, they are benign things like scars, but sometimes they can be early cancers. If you have a nodule found on a cat scan, they need to be followed to make sure they don't grow or change over time. This is especially true if you have risk factors for cancer such as smoking or radiation exposure. ...Read more

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What are the effects of pulmonary fibrosis on the lungs?

What are the effects of pulmonary fibrosis on the lungs?

Lung Stiffness: Fibrosis or "scaring" of the lungs causes the lungs to be very stiff. Thus, it becomes difficult for the patient to be able to take deep breaths. Over time, the fibrosis continues to advance causing the patient more dyspnea and need for oxygen. ...Read more

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