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Doctor insights on: West Nile Virus Infection

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What are the tests for west nile virus infection?

What are the tests for west nile virus infection?

Several: Since the disease is usually asymptomatic and has no specific treatment, testing focuses on transmissibility person-to-person which is rare. Virus in the blood / spinal fluid by PCR proves infection. Igm anti-wnv suggests recent infection (up to a year), anti-wnv igg may take months to turn positive or be false-positive from dengue / immunization / other viruses. All blood is now screened. ...Read more

Dr. Ihab Ibrahim
9 Doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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What are the presenting symptoms of a west nile virus infection?

What are the presenting symptoms of a west nile virus infection?

Many have none: May present with fever, fatigue, body aches, skin rash on the trunk, enlarged lymph nodes and generalized sense of not feeling well. In about one in 150 patients develop neurological findings of meningitis/encephalitis, and this can be potentially devastating. ...Read more

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Treating an Ear Infection (Checklist)

Look for other sources of ear pain besides infection
Once
Ask your doctor about TMJ (spasm of muscles to jaw joint), as it could cause ear pain
Once
Look for ear pain or ear drainage, as they are both signs of infection
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See a doctor if you think you have an ear infection
Once
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What is the treatment for west nile virus infection?

What is the treatment for west nile virus infection?

Treating West Nile: There is no specific therapy for this viral infection. Supportive treatment for symptoms and time are the only treatments. ...Read more

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Treating Clostridium Difficile Infection (Checklist)

Minimize use of broad spectrum antibiotics, as clostridium difficile infection is a common complication
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Stay out of hospitals as much as possible
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Use probiotics to outcompete the clostridium difficile bacteria
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What are the tests for west nile virus infection?

Several: Since the disease is usually asymptomatic and has no specific treatment, testing focuses on transmissibility person-to-person which is rare. Virus in the blood / spinal fluid by PCR proves infection. Igm anti-wnv suggests recent infection (up to a year), anti-wnv igg may take months to turn positive or be false-positive from dengue / immunization / other viruses. All blood is now screened. ...Read more

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What are the presenting symptoms of a west nile virus infection?

Many have none: May present with fever, fatigue, body aches, skin rash on the trunk, enlarged lymph nodes and generalized sense of not feeling well. In about one in 150 patients develop neurological findings of meningitis/encephalitis, and this can be potentially devastating. ...Read more

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Treating a Kidney Infection (Checklist)

Call your doctor if you have a fever or back pain
Once
Begin your antibiotic immediately and complete the entire course
Once
Drink plenty of fluids to stay well hydrated and to help flush the infection
Daily
Get plenty of rest and sleep to help your body fight the infection
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What is the pathogenesis of the west nile virus infection?

What is the pathogenesis of the west nile virus infection?

Brain virus: The flavivirus is carried by mosquitoes, often mutants that bite both birds and people. It usually produces no symptoms, less often a mild fever, 1% of the time affects the brain, with the virus entering and multiplying in brain cells sometimes with lasting damage. Until there is a vaccine, avoiding mosquitoes is safest. ...Read more

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Treating Eye Infections (Checklist)

Throw away any used contact lenses
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Do not occlude or cover your eyes
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If you have pink eye, wash face towels separately with hot water
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What is the treatment for west nile virus infection?

Treating West Nile: There is no specific therapy for this viral infection. Supportive treatment for symptoms and time are the only treatments. ...Read more

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Treating a Bladder Infection (Checklist)

Ask your doctor about taking an antibiotic
Once
Drink plenty of fluids to help dilute the urine and flush the bladder
Daily
Avoid irritating fluids and food, such as caffeine, citrus, alcohol, and spicy foods
Daily
Take an over-the-counter urinary analgesic for pain and to soothe the bladder
Daily
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How can the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

How can the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Malaria vs WNV: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world. West Nile Virus has been detected in Culex, Anopheles, Culiseta, Deinocerites, Psorophora, Mansonia, Coquillettidia, Uranotaenia & Aedes mosquitoes. But the most common carriers are Culex & Aedes. Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. There are about 3, 500 species of mosquitoes. Only 30 to 40 species of ...Read more

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Can you tell me how the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Can you tell me how the way in which humans become infection with malaria and west nile virus differ?

Malaria vs WNV: West Nile Virus is found in temperate & tropical areas of the world. West Nile Virus has been detected in Culex, Anopheles, Culiseta, Deinocerites, Psorophora, Mansonia, Coquillettidia, Uranotaenia & Aedes mosquitoes. But the most common carriers are Culex & Aedes. Malaria is usually found in tropical & subtropical areas. There are about 3, 500 species of mosquitoes. Only 30 to 40 species of ...Read more

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Can west nile virus infect by unborn child?

Can west nile virus infect by unborn child?

West Nile virus: There have been reports of possible transmission of the virus from mother to child during pregnancy or breast feeding, but these have been rare and not confirmed conclusively. ...Read more

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How does west nile virus spread?

By Mosquitoe: West nile virus must be produced in high numbers before being passed through mosquitoes. Birds are far and away the most frequent carriers. Robins look like they might be responsible for spread all over the country. Mosquitoes have to feed on the infected robin and then pass the virus on to human beings through a bite. ...Read more

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How common is west nile virus in the us?

How common is west nile virus in the us?

Uncommon: In 2010, the CDC reported 1021 proved cases in the USA, with 629 being neuroinvasive. If we take the retrospective studies of who has antibodies and suppose that one person in 100 who meets the virus will get some clinically-diagnosable brain disease, that it around 60, 000 cases, the large majority never knowing they were infected. ...Read more

Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


West Nile Virus (Definition)

West Nile Virus is a mosquito borne infection that originated in the tropics. It causes a flu-like syndrome in 20% of those infected. It ...Read more