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Doctor insights on: Wegeners Granulomatosis Lungs And Breathing

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Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Which of these are restrictive: obstructive pulmonary diseases are asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema?

Restriction: Airway "obstruction" refers to limitation of air flow through the airways. "restriction" refers to processes that keep the lungs from opening fully when you inhale. Restriction can result from fibrosis, or thickening, of the lung as with diseases like idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. It can even be from something as simple as obesity or muscle weakness that keeps you from breathing deeply. ...Read more

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Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


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Chest X-ray Hyperinflamed lung and perihilar bronchitis changes are seen.No acute pulmonary or pleural disease.25 year,non smoker,Please explain findi?

Chest X-ray Hyperinflamed lung and perihilar bronchitis changes are seen.No acute pulmonary or pleural disease.25 year,non smoker,Please explain findi?

Might be normal: I obviously have to make some assumptions without seeing the films myself. First, I believe that "hyperinflated" was meant instead of hyperinflamed, as it is a more common term. It is used often when lungs appear over expanded.Although it sometimes suggests air trapping seen in asthma, or copd... It tends to be overused...and is often seen in normal people who are able to take a very Deep breath ...Read more

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Can interstitial lung disease like pulmonary fibrosis and those like pulmonary fib. Be ruled out pretty good with pulse ox, CT of lungs, and chest xra?

Can interstitial lung disease like pulmonary fibrosis and those like pulmonary fib. Be ruled out pretty good with pulse ox, CT of lungs, and chest xra?

No: The above tests are not sensitive enough. Pulmonary function tests and a high resolution ct scan of the lungs are more sensitive. If they are normal, then interstitial lung disease can be essentially ruled out. ...Read more

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How are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema different?

How are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema different?

COPD: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) encompasses several causes of lung obstruction often resulting in shortness of breath and wheezing. The causes include emphysema wherein the elasticity of the lung is impaired producing difficulty with exhalation. Severe emphysema can also cause low oxygen levels, heart failure, and death. ...Read more

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How are the disease emphysema and chronic bronchitis fatal?

How are the disease emphysema and chronic bronchitis fatal?

Respiratory failure: The lungs eventually lose so much function that they can't support normal metabolic processes and supply oxygen which is one of the fuels the body runs on. ...Read more

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What is hypoxemic respiratory failure chronic and restrictive lung disease?

What is hypoxemic respiratory failure chronic and restrictive lung disease?

Poor lung function: Basically the lungs are not expanding like they should be as such they are not working well and not oxygenating the blood. ...Read more

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Chronic bronchitis emphysema and lung cancer can be caused by?

Chronic bronchitis emphysema and lung cancer can be caused by?

Smoking..,: The most common cause for both diseases is cigarette smoking. By either avoiding smoking or quitting if you do smoke, you reduce your chances of getting these diseases. See your doctor if you need help to quit. ...Read more

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Are my lungs tissues destroyed with emphysema?

Are my lungs tissues destroyed with emphysema?

Yes: Emphysema is destruction of lung tissue, most often due to smoking. And once the tissue is gone, it is gone, unfortunately. So, if you are smoking, stop. ...Read more

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Does bad air affect respiratory function in people with diseases like asthma or pulmonary fibrosis?

Does bad air affect respiratory function in people with diseases like asthma or pulmonary fibrosis?

Yes: People with chronic respiratory diseases should avoid heavily polluted air. Air quality alerts are issued for areas when there is a high concentration of pollution. These are usually reported on the local weather reports. In some instances, poor air quality can even cause chronic lung disease. For more information on this, go to the american lung association website. ...Read more

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Does lung inflammation from lupus automatically mean i will get interstitual lung disease or restrictive lung disease?

Does lung inflammation from lupus automatically mean i will get interstitual lung disease or restrictive lung disease?

See below: If you have pleurisy, it does not mean that you will or will not develop interstitial lung disease but your doctor who knows you best could better answer this question. ...Read more

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Other than asthma and "chronic lung disease", what can cause chronic pneumonia?

Other than asthma and "chronic lung disease", what can cause chronic pneumonia?

Fungi and Bacteria: Both fungi and certain bacteria have been associated with chronic pneumonia. Most of the time your doctor will consider doing a bronchosopy (camera procedure in lungs) to determine the etiology of the pneumonia. ...Read more

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Tell me about interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis?

Tell me about interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis?

Same: Ipf is one form of ild. It refers to disorders of the interstitium of he lung vs. Diseases that effect the bronchi, or alveolar spaces. ...Read more

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What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

What do emphysema and sarcoidosis lungs look like?

Not pretty: Emphysema lungs are large and have many distended air sacks. It is commonly called "smokers lung" and the lungs look as in the picture. Sarcoidosis, though, rarely can have "emphysematous changes", . For the most part, it is associated with scarring of the lungs as well as large lymph nodes in between the lungs. ...Read more

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What cab be done for interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis?

What cab be done for  interstitial lung disease and pulmonary fibrosis?

Not much: Ild/pulm fibrosis is a progressive destruction of lung architecture resulting in progressive shortness of breath. All therapy tried to date has not provided much improvement. Oxygen and exercise while awaiting lung transplant is a current management option. The mortality of ipf is on the order of less than 5 yr after dx. ...Read more

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Do inhaled steroids for asthma cause disorders like fungus in your lungs?

Do inhaled steroids for asthma cause disorders like fungus in your lungs?

No, they treat it: The air we breathe always has fungal spores in it, and these don't usually cause any problems. When they do, a fungus ball can form (rare), we can get a fungal pneumonia (mainly in immune suppressed patients), or we can get an allergic reaction to the fungus. The last is commonest, and is treated with inhaled and systemic steroids + antifungals. The fungus itself and immune disorders cause it. ...Read more

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What are bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis?

What are bronchial asthma and chronic bronchitis?

Different Conditions: Bronchial Asthma is chronic Inflamatory disease of the airways&causes episodes of Bronchospasm causing cough,Wheezing&shortness of breath which is reversible with use of Bronchodilaters like Albuterol Chronic Bronchitis is inflammation&irritation of the airways and is irreversible even with use of Bronchodilatrs like Albuterol and it produces excessive mucus and cough persist more than3months/year ...Read more

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What are inflammatory and fibrotic lung disorders?

No short answer here: That's a really complicated question. There are a whole host of disorders that cause fibrosis of the lung. The most common is called uip, which is a disease of unknown etiology, that is not related to smoking or other disorders, and results in scarring of the lungs i would recommend a pathology text book to see a list of all the possible lung disorders. ...Read more

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Pulmonary fibrosis and severe emphysema copd, what to do?

Pulmonary fibrosis and severe emphysema copd, what to do?

Rehab: Emphysema and pulm fibrosis may coexist in some patients. Treatment is directed at each entity including bronchodilators, oxygen and steroids. Your age puts an additional option of lung transplant for progressive disease. ...Read more

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Dr. Neigatha Graney
32 doctors shared insights

Wegener's Granulomatosis (Definition)

Wegener's granulomatosis (Granulomatosis with polyangiitis) causes vasculitis ( inflammation blood vessels of nose, sinuses, throat, lungs ...Read more


Dr. Jeffrey Stevens
44 doctors shared insights

Granulomatosis (Definition)

A process associated with a tissue reacton involving monocytes and tissue macrophages. Clasically this was seen in infections, like tuberculosis and some fungal processes. It is also seen and inflammatory and reactive ...Read more