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Doctor insights on: Viral Meningitis Gender

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

Dr. Gutti Rao
167 doctors shared insights

Viral Meningitis (Definition)

Viral meningitis is inflammation of the tissues in the brain and spinal cord that is caused most commonly by enteroviruses. Viral meningitis is not usually as severe as bacterial meningitis and usually resolves without any treatment. However, viral meningitis that is caused by the herpes virus can be life threatening if left untreated. Symptoms include fever, neck stiffness, ...Read more


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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis?

What causes viral meningitis?

A number of viruses: Fairly common ones are enteroviruses, varicella, and mumps virus. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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What is viral meningitis?

What is viral meningitis?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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What is neisseria gonorrhoae induced meningitis?

Clap clap: Gonorrheal meningitis is a rapidly progressive infection in the spinal fluid affecting brain and spinal cord, usually transmitted by sexual contact. Highly lethal unless treated rapidly but often quite sensitive to appropriate antibiotics. ...Read more

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Meningitis transmissibility? How transmissible is meningitis?

Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Is meningococcal meningitis bacterial meningitis or are they 2 different things?

Is meningococcal meningitis bacterial meningitis or are they 2 different things?

Different: Bacteria of many types can cause meningitis. In premi's it is often Group B strep or E.coli. In unimmunized infants and toddlers, Hemoplillis influenzae or pneumococcus & rarely meningococcus. In older kids, teens and adults it may be meningococcus or pneumococcus among others. Meningococcal meningitis is just getting more advertising time with newer vaccines available. ...Read more

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How is bacterial meningitis transmitted?

Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is usually severe. While most people with meningitis recover, it can cause serious complications, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities. There are several pathogens (types of germs) that can cause bacterial meningitis. Some of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis in the United States include haemophilus influenzae (most often caused by type b, hib). ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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How is viral meningitis treated in college kids?

How is viral meningitis treated in college kids?

Supportive care: Uncomplicated viral meningitis is treated generally as an outpatient with supportive care only such as tylenol (acetaminophen) or Motrin for fever and/or pain. Any person showing more severe symptoms, neurologic complications, or other concerning symptom is admitted to the hospital for specific treatments for their complications. ...Read more

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Splenomegaly with patient bacterial meningitis?

Certain splenic: Issues can put patients at risk for infections with encapsulated organisms including neisseria meningidities. Do you know anything else about the spleen problem? ...Read more

Dr. William Singer
852 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


Dr. Richard Auerbach
111 doctors shared insights

Aseptic Meningitis (Definition)

There will be no growth on the cerebrospinal fluid culture. This is mostly ...Read more