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Doctor insights on: Viral Meningitis Encephalitis

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

Dr. Gutti Rao
168 doctors shared insights

Viral Meningitis (Definition)

Viral meningitis is inflammation of the tissues in the brain and spinal cord that is caused most commonly by enteroviruses. Viral meningitis is not usually as severe as bacterial meningitis and usually resolves without any treatment. However, viral meningitis that is caused by the herpes virus can be life threatening if left untreated. Symptoms include fever, neck stiffness, ...Read more


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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis?

What causes viral meningitis?

A number of viruses: Fairly common ones are enteroviruses, varicella, and mumps virus. ...Read more

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Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Can west nile virus cause encephalitis?

Yes: West nile virus is caused by an infection transmitted via a mosquito bite. Many people may be exposed to the virus but never develop symptoms. When symptoms do develop, it is typically fever and headache although more severe symptoms may occur. The cdc has info on west nile activity nationwide: http://www.Cdc.Gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/index.Htm. ...Read more

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Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

No: Tuberculosis in any other organ but the lung is not easily transmissible and not considered contagious. On the other hand, tuberculosis in the lungs is very contagious. ...Read more

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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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What is viral meningitis?

What is viral meningitis?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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Meningitis transmissibility? How transmissible is meningitis?

Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more

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Is meningitis contagious?

Is meningitis contagious?

Yes: Although some types are more contagious than others, the three most common types of bacterial meningitis all have vaccines available to reduce the risk. There are no vaccines for viral meningitis, but fortunately viral meningitis is typically less serious than bacterial. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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Is herpes meningitis contagious?

Yes: Patients with herpes meningitis should be under contact precautions, as it can be spread like the flu. ...Read more

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Is encephalitis contagious?

Is encephalitis contagious?

Depends: Infectious encephalitis caused by borelia, viruses (yellow fever, hemorrhagic fever viruses), rickettsiae are contagious, but often require the presence of a vector, usually a mosquito or a tick that will transfer the pathogen from the infected person to the healthy one. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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How long cn it take to restore normal functionality after brain swelling due to viral encephalitis/meningitis? What are the chances of full recovery?

How long cn it take to restore normal functionality after brain swelling due to viral encephalitis/meningitis? What are the chances of full recovery?

Good chance: Depending on the severity of the meningitis, I have found that most of my patients do very well, and have a full, or near full recovery. Occasionally, there are cases that leave behind scars that can lead to seizures, or brain injury. However, this is best answered by the neurologist or neurosurgeon that was involved with the specific case, since there can be many factors relating to outcome. ...Read more

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Viral encephalitis vs meningitis which is more serious nd fatal and which can be cured to a good level after it happens? Usual recovery time?

Viral encephalitis vs meningitis which is more serious nd fatal and which can be cured to a good level after it happens? Usual recovery time?

CNS infection: This is dependent on the causative agents, the time therapy is begun, the immune status of the person infected, the therapy available and other factors. There is not a simple answer to this question. ...Read more

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How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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How can viral meningitis be avoided?

Hand-washing: Viral meningitis is spread by fecal-oral contact, which means you can contract it if you touch an object contaminated with the virus. Frequent hand-washing and ensuring that children wear swim diapers in the pool are two good ways to avoid exposure. ...Read more

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How serious is having a viral meningitis?

Depends: Generally viral meningitis is mild and self-limiting, but it depends in part on which virus and your underlying immune status. Not a fun illness to have, but usually recover uneventfully. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of viral meningitis i could notice?

See below: Fever, photophobia, stiff neck, irritability, nausea, vomiting etc. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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Is is true that viral meningitis is contagious?

Yes: Viral meningtitis could be transmitted in a fashion similar to the common cold. The duration of possible transmission varies but averages 7-10 days. It is important to seek medical attention right away if you think you might have viral meningitis. ...Read more

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Can you get viral meningitis from a beattle bite?

Beattles me: Viruses usually infect through the respiratory tract. This means that you get them through the nose and lungs and then they go to the brain. However, ticks and fleas and mosquitoes can inject the virus directly into your blood stream. I do not know any beetles that do this, but am sure there are some who try. ...Read more

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I have herpes. Am I at risk for viral meningitis?

I have herpes.  Am I at risk for viral meningitis?

Yes, but ...: Since herpes simplex virus is a cause of viral meningitis, a person with herpes is at some risk for viral meningitis. However, viral meningitis is not common, can be from other viruses, and some people who get herpes meningitis never had herpes sores before. So, a normal person with herpes should not worry too much about meningitis, since his risk is likely similar to the risk everyone else has. ...Read more

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What are the signs and symptoms of viral meningitis?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of either bacterial or viral meningitis?

What are the symptoms of either bacterial or viral meningitis?

Fever, BAD headache: Bacterial meningitis can cause brain damage (with bad outcomes such as deafness, blindness, inability to do everyday activities,..., and possibly death). The routine types of viral meningitis usually resolve by themselves, with the patients returning to normal. There are some less common types of viral meningitis that do cause damage. These are reasons why meningitis is a serious illness. ...Read more

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Please tell me how long it takes for to get over viral meningitis?

Days to weeks: Viral meningitis typically only requires supportive therapy and patients recover after days to weeks. Most viruses responsible for causing meningitis are not amenable to specific treatment and conservative measures such as fluid, bedrest, and analgesics are usually effective. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis contagious as I'm starting to have same symptoms as my work colleague who has just been diagnosed. ?

Viral meningitis: Yes it is. Be sure to see your healthcare provider ASAP. If you are already experiencing headaches, fevers go to ER or urgent care ASAP. Best of luck. Dr R ...Read more

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What should I do if two kids at school have been diagnosed with viral meningitis, and I don't want to contract this disease?

What should I do if two kids at school have been diagnosed with viral meningitis, and I don't want to contract this disease?

Avoid/vaccine: The short term answer is avoid them until their illness resolves. The longer-term answer is to get vaccinated against the disease. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

Dr. Amandeep Kaur
180 doctors shared insights

Encephalitis (Definition)

The encephalon is considered to be the gray matter of the brain. This is where all the neuron cells are located. If an infection sets in to this region it is called an encephalitis. The -itis ending just means inflammation. It is usually virus infections that like to go specifically to the ...Read more


Dr. William Singer
855 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more