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Doctor insights on: Viral Aseptic Meningitis

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

Dr. Gutti Rao
168 doctors shared insights

Viral Meningitis (Definition)

Viral meningitis is inflammation of the tissues in the brain and spinal cord that is caused most commonly by enteroviruses. Viral meningitis is not usually as severe as bacterial meningitis and usually resolves without any treatment. However, viral meningitis that is caused by the herpes virus can be life threatening if left untreated. Symptoms include fever, neck stiffness, ...Read more


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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

Is tuberculous meningitis contagious?

No: Tuberculosis in any other organ but the lung is not easily transmissible and not considered contagious. On the other hand, tuberculosis in the lungs is very contagious. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis?

A number of viruses: Fairly common ones are enteroviruses, varicella, and mumps virus. ...Read more

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What is viral meningitis?

What is viral meningitis?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Can bacterial meningitis be contagious?

Yes: Bacterial meningitis is contageous, the degree of which is relatively specific to the bacteria involved. A germ like meningococcus is easily passed in a brief exposure while tuberculusis is much harder to pass, requiring much longer exposure. ...Read more

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Splenomegaly with patient bacterial meningitis?

Certain splenic: Issues can put patients at risk for infections with encapsulated organisms including neisseria meningidities. Do you know anything else about the spleen problem? ...Read more

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Is meningitis contagious?

Is meningitis contagious?

Yes: Although some types are more contagious than others, the three most common types of bacterial meningitis all have vaccines available to reduce the risk. There are no vaccines for viral meningitis, but fortunately viral meningitis is typically less serious than bacterial. ...Read more

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Meningitis transmissibility? How transmissible is meningitis?

Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis a serious disease?

Hardly: Viral meningitis is usually a self-limiting condition and long-term neurologic sequelae is rare. ...Read more

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How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

How is viral meningitis diagnosed?

Aseptic: Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis. ...Read more

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Dr. William Singer
855 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

A condition in which the membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord becomes inflamed. Symptoms include headaches, fever, stiff neck, and a sensitivity to light. There are two primary types of ...Read more


Dr. Richard Auerbach
112 doctors shared insights

Aseptic Meningitis (Definition)

There will be no growth on the cerebrospinal fluid culture. This is mostly ...Read more