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Doctor insights on: Underdeveloped Parathyroid Glands

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What would happen if the parathyroid glands were removed?

What would happen if the parathyroid glands were removed?

Low blood calcium: Removal of the parathyroid glands would immediately result in a low blood calcium and ususally tingling, muscle cramps, impaired thinking and occasionally, seizures. It can be treated with a powerful form of vitamin d and calcium. ...Read more

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What happens if one of your parathyroid glands is damaged?

What happens if one of your parathyroid glands is damaged?

Three more remaining: There are four parathyroid glands situated in the neck, behind the thyroid gland -- two on left and two on right, usually a few centimeters apart. These glands make parathyroid hormone (PTH) that control calcium and bone metabolism. Usually only 0.5 to 1 parathyroid is sufficient to make enough pth. If 3 to 3.5 glands are damaged or removed, the body can still maintain PTH and calcium control. ...Read more

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What complications come in romoving th parathyroid glands ?

What complications come in romoving th parathyroid glands
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Low blood calcium: If one parathyroid gland is removed complications are unusual. If all 4 glands are removed blood calcium levels develop immediately and if untreated lead to tingling and cramps and occasionally a seizure. A nerve supplying a vocal cord could also be damaged and cause hoarseness. ...Read more

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What will happen if all parathyroid glands was removed?

What will happen if all parathyroid glands was removed?

Low calcium: Parathyroid hormone regulates calcium concentration in the blood. When you have no parathyroid hormone, your calcium level will drop and your phosphorus level will rise. The treatment is to give back calcium and if you indeed have no parathyroid left, you will also need vitamin d- calcitriol. ...Read more

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What are the hormones secreted by parathyroid glands?

What are the hormones secreted by parathyroid glands?

Parathyroid hormone: The parathyroid glands secrete parathyrid hormone. This hormone is important in keeping calcium levels stable in the blood. It does this by removing calcium from bone, activating vitamin d and increasing calcium removal from the urine (so less calcium is lost in the urine). ...Read more

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What are the parathyroid glands?

What are the parathyroid glands?

Parathyroid Glands: The parathyroid glands are 4 small groups of tissue that sit behind the thyroid gland. They make parathyroid hormone or PTH which is involved in calcium metabolism. Too much PTH causes the calcium level in the blood to go up. An overactive parathyroid gland is often diagnosed when a routine blood test shows a high calcium level. ...Read more

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How do the parathyroid glands work?

How do the parathyroid glands work?

Regulates calcium.: They make parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates the body's calcium and phosphate levels. These levels are important for normal nerve and muscle function. PTH tells bone to break down and release calcium into the blood. In the gut, it converts vitamin D to its active form which absorbs more calcium. It also tells kidneys to allow less calcium and phosphate to leave the body through urine. ...Read more

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Where does parathyroid glands locate in our body?

Where does parathyroid glands locate in our body?

In the neck: The parathyroid gland is located in the middle anterior (front) of the neck and these little teardrop looking glands lay on top of the thyroid gland. ...Read more

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What are the main complications happen in parathyroid glands?

What are the main complications happen in parathyroid glands?

Enlarged or absent.: Parathyroid glands (one or more) may enlarge and cause a high blood calcium and lead to kidney stones and bone loss. If high enough symptoms may occur such as mental changes, constipation, frequent urination and weakness. In kidney failure parathyroid glands enlarge but often the blood calcium is low. Absence of parathyroid glands most often is due to thyroid surgery. The blood calcium is low. ...Read more

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