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Doctor insights on: Ultrasound Cleft Lip

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What is a cleft lip and cleft palate?

What is a cleft lip and cleft palate?

Incomplete closure: During development of the fetus the palate and upper lip start separated from each other. During development the palate and lip come together and ultimately fuse. Rarely the palate doesn't fuse leading to a space between the two sides (cleft palate) or the lip doesn't fuse (cleft lip) or both fail to fuse (cleft lip and palate). ...Read more

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Dr. Michael Gabor
2,272 doctors shared insights

Sonogram (Definition)

An ultraound, also known as a sonogram, is a painless and relatively inexpensive imaging test that utilizes sound waves instead of ionizing radiation. There are no side effects. Ultrasound can give us two-dimensional, and in some applications three-dimensional, images of structures and organs in virtually any part of the body. In addition to diagnostic uses, such as evaluating abnormalities in the abdomen, pelvis, and breast, ultrasounds are commonly used to guide needle and catheter placement in a variety of surgical ...Read more


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Cleft lip and palate repair--best at birth or later?

Cleft lip and palate repair--best at birth or later?

Lip by 3 months.: Lip repair is usually done by 3 months old, and palate repair by 10 months before speech begins. The age of lip repair is not critical, and most surgeons do not feel that the risks of early (ie 0-4 weeks old) outweigh the theoretical benefits. So, repair at birth is frowned on by most cleft centers and surgeons. ...Read more

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Can cleft lips and cleft palates be repaired?

Cleft repair: Yes, both cleft lip and cleft palate can be repaired. The website of the cleft palate foundation ( http://www.Cleftline.Org/ ) has useful information about cleft surgery and other aspect of cleft care. ...Read more

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Does one inherit cleft lip and palate?

Yes: The cause for cleft lip/palate is both genetic and/or environmental factor. It is prevalent in native americans and asian. ...Read more

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Are cleft lips/palates discovered/diagnosed during an anatomy scan?

Are cleft lips/palates discovered/diagnosed during an anatomy scan?

At birth: Cleft lip and/or cleft palate is visible at birth, and will be noted by the pediatrcian who examines the newborn. There is a rare anatomic anomaly called a submucous cleft, where the palatal bone does not fuse, but the overlying tissue looks normal, that is discoverable by palpation and x-ray. ...Read more

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Can cleft lips and cleft palates be prevented?

Can cleft lips and cleft palates be prevented?

Prevent cleft lip...: Many cases of cleft lip and palate cannot be prevented. Avoiding alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy can lower you risk of having a baby with a cleft lip. Use of multivitamin or prenatal vitamins including Folic Acid during pregnancy or if you are planning to get pregnant may prevent cleft lip and cleft palate. ...Read more

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How do cleft lip and palate develop?

How do cleft lip and palate develop?

Failure of fusion: There are essentially three layers in the developing embryo and it is felt that failure of the middle layer to advance and fuse in the face (from the frontonasal process of the bronchial arches) maybe responsible. While socioeconomic factors and nutrition play a role, genetic factors are also contributory. ...Read more

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What is orthognathic surgery for bilateral complete cleft lip and palate?

What is orthognathic surgery for bilateral complete cleft lip and palate?

Clefts and Jaw Sx: In cleft patients, it is common for the maxilla to fail to develop along normal growth patterns, a lot of this has to do with scarring from previous surgeries. In order to correct for this underdevelopment of the upper jaw, orthognathic surgery is performed. Typically, the upper jaw is advanced forward, and because it is a bilateral cleft, it will technically be a three-piece segmental LeFort. ...Read more

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How frequently do cleft lips and cleft palates occur?

How frequently do cleft lips and cleft palates occur?

It depends on a lot.: Cleft lip and palate can be as high as 50% (one in two children) for people with certain genetic make up, or much lower. Caucasians have about a 1 in 1000 risk of cleft lip and or palate, Africans about 1 in 1200, some Asians as high as 1 in 300. ...Read more

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Lip surgery question / lip enhancement?

Lip surgery question / lip enhancement?

Various options: There are a number of ways to enhance the lips. There are a variety of fda approved injectable fillers. Fat injection or transplants can be done. There are also permanent implants available although these should be used with caution. ...Read more

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Only half my lip hard after dermal graft lip augmentation?

Only half my lip hard after dermal graft lip augmentation?

.?bleeding: On occasion a small collection of blood may cause firmness and this should resolve but i would run this by your surgeon. ...Read more

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What does orthognathic surgery for bilateral complete cleft lip and palate involve?

What does orthognathic surgery for bilateral complete cleft lip and palate involve?

Many surgeries : This surgery can include repair of the lip and nose by clipping then sewing the tissues together in the first 6 months of life. The palate (roof of mouth) repair around 12-18 months of age involves sewing the two sides together. A repair of a cleft in the gumline may involve adding bone and orthodontics (braces) usually 9-12 years old. ...Read more

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How successful is repair of a cleft lip and palate?

Very Successful: Cleft lip and palate surgeries have produced some very successful functional and esthetic results. The type of cleft, timing of surgery, skill of the surgeon, technique and materials used, are factors that can influence the surgical outcome. ...Read more

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What other preparations are done before unilateral cleft lip and palate repair? My newborn daughter has a cleft lip that extends up to her nose, and she has a large separation in her palate. How often are both the cleft lip and palate corrected in the ini

What other preparations are done before unilateral cleft lip and palate repair? My newborn daughter has a cleft lip that extends up to her nose, and she has a large separation in her palate. How often are both the cleft lip and palate corrected in the ini

Talk to the surgeon: With any type of surgery, it is best to have a thorough discussion with the surgeon who will perform the procedure. That person will want to answer all of you questions so that you are completely knowledgeable about every aspect of the procedures to be performed. ...Read more

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Is having a cleft lip and palate common?

Is having a cleft lip and palate common?

Common birth defect: Cleft lip(cl) and palate (CP) are among the most common of all congenital deformity. The incicence is rising due to environmental teratogens, lower neonatal mortality, increased marriage and child bearing among cleft patients. They are most common in american indian(3.7/1000), japanese (2.7/1000), chinese (2/1000), caucasian (1.7/1000), black (.4/1000). Cl more common in male, CP more in female. ...Read more

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What is a cleft lip and palate is?

Birth defect: A cleft is a birth defect that occurs when the tissues of the lip and/or palate of the fetus do not fuse very early in pregnancy. A cleft lip, sometimes referred to as a harelip, is an opening in the upper lip that can extend into the base of the nostril. A cleft palate is an opening in the roof of the mouth. ...Read more

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Branchial cleft cyst how common?

Branchial cleft cyst how common?

Not sure: Exact incidence is still unknown; however it is a common cause of congenital neck masses. No ethnic preferences for branchial cysts are reported. Clusters of cases can be found in families. No sexual predilection for branchial cysts are recognized. Branchial cleft cysts are congenital in nature, but they may not be noticed until later in life, usually by adulthood. ...Read more

Mouth (Definition)

Mouth (mouth) " n. Pl. Mouths 1. A. The body opening through which an animal takes in food. B. The cavity lying at the upper end of the alimentary canal, bounded on the outside by the lips and inside by the oropharynx and containing in higher vertebrates the tongue, gums, and teeth. C. This cavity regarded as the source of sounds and speech. D. The opening to any cavity or canal ...Read more


Dr. Daniel Sampson
204 doctors shared insights

Cleft Palate (Definition)

Also called palatoschisis, it is a congenital fissure in the roof of the mouth, resulting from incomplete fusion of the palate during embryonic development. It may involve only the uvula or extend ...Read more