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Doctor insights on: Ulcerative Colitis Colorectal Cancer

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Dr. Herbert Hoover
236 doctors shared insights

Colorectal Cancer (Definition)

Colorectal cancer is cancer of the colon or rectum. The cells lining the colon or rectum become abnormal and grow uncontrollably. They start as polyps. Symptoms include blood in the stool, constipation, loss of appetite, and weight loss. This cancer can be prevented through early screening, if a polyp is detected during a colonoscopy and excised. Additionally, a high fiber diet with plenty of water and a ...Read more


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Is proctitis, colitis, or ulcerative colitis contagious?

Is proctitis, colitis, or ulcerative colitis contagious?

Ulcerative colitis: Is not. However proctitis or colitis caused by bacteria especially clostridia difficile can be very contagious as can other forms of infectious colitis. Use good hand hygiene and be sure to not contact stool or underclothes and get a correct diagnosis and treatment. ...Read more

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Can ulcerative pancolitis lead to colon cancer?

Can ulcerative pancolitis lead to colon cancer?

Yes: Ulcerative pancolitis, is a chronic disease that inflames the gastrointestinal (GI) system. Specifically, ulcerative colitis causes lesions in the colon. With the inflammation there is a higher risk for developing CRC. Two factors associated with cancer risk , is disease duration and extent of colon involvement . Early tumors develop denovo from carcinogens and utilize inflammation to progress ...Read more

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Colorectal cancer causes?

Colorectal cancer causes?

Heredity & diet: The cause is not known in most cases. In a small number the cause is clearly heredity, e.g., apc and hnpcc. In the garden variety colon cancer, a diet low in fiber and rich in fats may increase the risk of cancer. ...Read more

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Are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease hereditary?

Are ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease hereditary?

Somewhat: There are numerous families where there are children and /or grandchildren, cousins, etc. With these diseases. If both parents have ibd, the incidence is around 50% in the kids. Otherwise about 20% of patients will have a first degree relative with ibd. So you do the math! it isn't exactly hereditary, but there a familial incedence. By the way, the kids of colitis patients often have crohn's. ...Read more

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Is colitis associated with colon cancer?

Sometimes: Some patients with a long-standing history of ulcerative colitis can develop colon cancers- this typically happens in those with a 20-30 year history of colitis. Patients with colitis from infections are not at increased risk. ...Read more

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What are/is ulcerative colitis?

What are/is ulcerative colitis?

Inflammatory : Condition of unknown cause that causes cramps, diarrhea sometimes bloody, and GI absorption problems. Treatment requires anti-inflammatory drugs and sometimes even surgery. Complicated issue that is impossible to discuss in limited space here. ...Read more

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Colon cancer or colorectal cancer, what's the difference?

Colon cancer or colorectal cancer, what's the difference?

Location: Cancers that arise from the epithelium of the large intestine are similar in most ways whether they are in the colon or rectum. Discussions of "colon cancer" unspecified usually mean "colorectal" unless stated otherwise. Usage, including by me, is often sloppy. ...Read more

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Does IBS lead to ibd (crohn's or ulcerative colitis)?

Does IBS lead to ibd (crohn's or ulcerative colitis)?

No: Ibs is a functional bowel disorder characterized by bowel hyperactivity and hypersensitivity, while ibd is a structural bowel disorder characterized by inflammation and ulceration. They are unrelated. ...Read more

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Is colon cancer curable?

Is colon cancer curable?

Yes: Yes. Many people are cured with colon cancer. If found early surgery alone may be curable. If more advanced (eg, lymph node involvement or metastatic = spread to areas outside of colon), then chemotherapy may be needed. While less likely, even a few % of people with metastatic colon ca may be cured. ...Read more

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Is ulcerative colitis indicative of cancer?

Correlation: The presence of IBD is associated to some degree with colon cancer. The longer the duration of disease, greater than 20 yrs ,and the degree of bowel involvement has a correlation with the appearance of a malignancy. The presence of inflammation induces release of cytokines over bowel mucosa that in the presence of factors such as carcinogens in food and viruses induce malignant transformation. ...Read more

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Colon cancer chemo necessary?

Depends on stage: Chemotherapy is never used for stage 1 cancers (early). It is sometimes used in stage 2 cancers (early but more advanced than stage 1). Chemotherapy is definitely beneficial in stage 3 cancers (locally advanced) and in stage 4 cancers (distant spread). ...Read more

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Does colonoscopy prevent colon cancer?

Does colonoscopy prevent colon cancer?

Likely: Cancers start as polyps. Removing polyps decreases cancer risk, but no test guarantees finding every polyp. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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What is hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (hnpcc) vs familial adenomatous polyposis (fap)?

What is hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (hnpcc) vs familial adenomatous polyposis (fap)?

Both inherited: In fap presents as colonic polyps ( gardners syn will have other tumors ) , autosomal recessive due to mutations in gate keeper, tumor suppres gene. On the contrary hnpcc or lynch syndrome. Is autosomal dominant, due to dna mismatch in repair, associated with other cancers of stomach, endomet. Ca, ovary, brain, skin etc. ...Read more

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Is rectal cancer curable?

Is rectal cancer curable?

Yes: If caught early, can be successfully treated with local excision or neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation followed by surgery. The key is early diagnosis! all bleeding should be thoroughly evaluated and appropriate screening with colonoscopies can prevent more advance and incurable colorectal cancers! ...Read more

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Ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis related?

Ulcerative colitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis related?

Yes: Yes there is an association. See this link: http://www.Mayoclinic.Com/health/primary-sclerosing-cholangitis/ds00918/dsection=risk-factors. ...Read more

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Is bowel cancer hereditary?

Is bowel cancer hereditary?

Somehow yes: There is some genetic predisposition in families with hx. Of colorectal cancer. Diet also plays a rol ( low fiber diet increases cancer). Familiar poliposis increases chances of colon cancer. Colon polyps may degenerate in cancer. Small intestine cancers are rare and difficult to find. In general there are families affected by cancers and families affected by atherosclerosis but both together too. ...Read more

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What is ulcerative colitis?

What is ulcerative colitis?

Ulcerative Colitis: UC is a autoimmune type disease in which there is an inflammatory response against the patients own cells of the colon. Common symptoms include pain, bloody diarrhea, weight loss and can lead to colon cancer. The disease requires treatment with medication and can also end up needing to be treated with surgery. ...Read more

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Is ulcerative colitis completely curable?

Yes: With a surgery to remove the colon (colectomy). But it may trade one problem for another, as after colectomy you can explain 4-5 stools per day, waking once or twice at night. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,364 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Scott Bolhack
2,108 doctors shared insights

Ulcer (Definition)

An ulcer is a discontinuity or a break in a body membrane that impedes the normal functioning of the organ of which that membrane is a part. Ulcers are further classified by their location. Ulcers are usually caused by infections, excessive acid production, stress, ...Read more