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Doctor insights on: Typical Vs Retro Viruses

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Difference between typical vs atypical pneumonia?

Difference between typical vs atypical pneumonia?

Mismatch of symptom: Patients presents with symptoms which do notmatch with clinical and radiological evidence of the peumonias i.e. Cocci , tband pcp. ...Read more

Virus (Definition)

A virus is a small infectious agent that can replicate only inside the living cells of an organism. Viruses can infect all types of organisms, from animals and plants ...Read more


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Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Is human T-lymphotropic virus 1associated with non-hodjkin lymphoma or not?

Sometimes...: The overwhelming majority of cases of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma have evidence of HTLV-1 infection. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is also potentially linked to this virus. On the flip-side, only 1-5% of people with HTLV-1 will develop cancer. Hope this helps! ...Read more

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Bacterial vs. Viral meningitis? What are some of the differences between bacterial and viral meningitis?

Bacterial vs. Viral meningitis? What are some of the differences between bacterial and viral meningitis?

Treatment: Both cause inflammation of the meninges or brain covering with intense headaches, neurological symptoms, fever, and stiff nek. Bacterial meningitis tends to be more severe and there are antibiotics that can treat it. Viral meningitis is viral and there are not antibiotics that treat it. That is the briefest difference. ...Read more

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Which type(s) of cancer are enlarged posterior cervical nodes associated with?

Which type(s) of cancer are enlarged posterior cervical nodes associated with?

Post.cervical ln: these group of lymph nodes may be affected in many cancers and lymphomas. buccal cavity, oropharynx, nasopharynx sinuses, esophagus, stomach lungs, external ears, even scalp ...Read more

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Can the petichiae of haemophilus meningitis vs henoch-schonlein-purpura be distinguished clinically?

Can the petichiae of haemophilus meningitis  vs henoch-schonlein-purpura be distinguished clinically?

Yes and no: No clinician would take chances. The history and symptoms would tilt the balance either way. Most patients end up having a lumbar puncture if there is any clinical suspicion for meningitis. Remember that rashes may be in different stages and that will make impossible to differentiate. ...Read more

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LEFT UPPER LUNG OPACITIES. CONCIDER INFECTIOUS PROCESS SUCH AS PNEUMONIA OR PTB OF UNDETERMINED ACTIVITY VERSUS FIBROTIC CHANGES, means?

LEFT UPPER LUNG OPACITIES. CONCIDER INFECTIOUS PROCESS SUCH AS PNEUMONIA OR PTB OF UNDETERMINED ACTIVITY VERSUS FIBROTIC CHANGES, means?

Clinical history: So it depends on prior exposures. If you clinically have cough, fever, mucus production more likely an acute infection like pneumonia. However in endemic area, tuberculosis until proven otherwise. In younger person without other lung issues it would be rare to have fibrosis in upper lungs. See specialist if this does not resolve with antibiotics and repeat xray (priors?) for help ...Read more

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Is upper respiratory tract infection the same as atypical pneumonia?

Is upper respiratory tract infection the same as atypical pneumonia?

No: Atypical pneumonia is usually caused by bacteria such as mycoplasma pneumoniae. It is an infection in the lower respiratory tract. An upper respiratory tract infection is more similar the a. ...Read more

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Are recurrent infections usually the same virus or same bacteria?

Are recurrent infections usually the same virus or same bacteria?

Recurrent infection: Since many types of bacteria and viruses have different strains, recurrence can be either the same type of orgaism but different strains or a different organism completely. ...Read more

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What causes transient flu-like symptoms rather than flu itself? An infection in body?

What causes transient flu-like symptoms rather than flu itself? An infection in body?

Mainly immune system: Though direct viral killing can occur, causing some of the sx, in response to infections from viruses, your body produces a lot of different proteins to help signal and coordinate your immune system to fight infection, and to create a hostile environment to the virus. Examples includes interferon alpha/beta- this group of proteins can cause muscle aches, joint pain, and fever. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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Differentiate between the signs symptoms of a localized vs systemic infection?

Differentiate between the signs symptoms of a localized vs systemic infection?

Scope of symptoms: A localized infection is an infected hangnail, for example, or a boil. Sometimes, a pneumonia can be a localized infection, as it is only located in one specific place, namely the lung. A systemic infection either can mean an infection that has spread to multiple areas and organs, or it can mean a violent reaction of the body to a localized infection, such as a pneumonia or abcess. ...Read more

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What is the one class of viruses cause aseptic meningitis?

What is the one class of viruses cause aseptic meningitis?

Entero viruses: Entero viruses is a large group of visues that are a common cause of aseptic meningitis. For more information, see this site. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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Enlarged unilateral tonsil for several months, white patches, crypts, no other symptoms, mild anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, recurrent strep +3x?

Enlarged unilateral tonsil for several months, white patches, crypts, no other symptoms, mild anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, recurrent strep +3x?

Prob infection: In an otherwise healthy young person, such symptoms are usually due to infection (strep or otherwise). Since lymphoma can also present like this, it's best to have it checked by a doctor. ...Read more

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Is candidiasis a common secondary infection of viral pneumonia?

Is candidiasis a common secondary infection of viral pneumonia?

Less than: Staph infections are much more common than candida following a viral pneumonia, but certainly they can occur. Generally, overgrowth of candida that is local (thrush or vaginosis) can occur in any patient. Systemic candidiasis or candidal pneumonia is seen, but usually only in the immune compromised or severely ill patient. ...Read more

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What signs and symptoms differentiate a bacterial vs a viral acute sinus infection?

What signs and symptoms differentiate a bacterial vs a viral acute sinus infection?

Time: Almost all bacterial sinus infections occur following a viral upper respiratory infection. In the first several days following a cold the sinuses inflame due to the viral illness. About 15 to 20% of the time a viral illness becomes bacterial. 7 to 10 days after illness if symptoms persist or worsen with cough, headache, congestion, bacterial is now a likelyhood. ...Read more

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What are some possible causes of bulky mediastinal lymphadenopathy(other than cancer) involving subcarinal, bilateral hilar and paratracheal nodes?

What are some possible causes of bulky mediastinal lymphadenopathy(other than cancer) involving subcarinal, bilateral hilar and paratracheal nodes?

Sarcoid: could cause adenopathy in those regions, as well as other granulomatous inflammatory processes. Infectious processes such as histoplasmosis could do it. Certain chronic exposures such as berylliosis and silicosis could cause mediastinal adenopathy, but usually the history and other findings make those diagnoses more obvious. Unfortunately, lymphoma is the major consideration in most cases. ...Read more

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How long is a typical virus? It's been 13 days is better but lungs hurt to breathe in now. Could it be she's worse even thou she's better. What now?

How long is a typical virus? It's been 13 days is better but lungs hurt to breathe in now. Could it be she's worse even thou she's better. What now?

Viral infection: The average viral respiratory tract infections last about a week. When fever,sweats,cough,wheeze,discolored sputum persist longer than that, a bacterial infection is suspected and antibiotic treatment is usually begun. Have your daughter's pediatrician examine her if she fits into any of these patterns. ...Read more

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My WBC total count is in normal range. My neutrophils are 82%, eosinophils 0%, lymphocites 9.9% and have an absolute value of 660. My md said it is typical of virus and ishould get a retest done but I am scared. Is this typical?

My WBC total count is in normal range. My neutrophils are 82%, eosinophils 0%, lymphocites 9.9% and have an absolute value of 660. My md said it is typical of virus and ishould get a retest done but I am scared. Is this typical?

Lab data: The values you quote are meaningless without an understanding of the clinical history and a physical exam. Not sure what is scaring you because the values seem normal. Discuss with the doctor and if not getting adequate responses get a second opinion. Good luck and best wishes. ...Read more

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Can trapped gas cause a GREAT deal of stomach discomfort? It came on suddenly. Not the typical pain associated with stomach virus.

Can trapped gas cause a GREAT deal of stomach discomfort? It came on suddenly. Not the typical pain associated with stomach virus.

Sure can!: I had gas pain that was worse than my later appendicitis. Gas-X (simethicone) helps a lot. But bad pain needs to be evaluated if it does not go away quickly with simethicone or an antacid. Splenda and sorbitol candies and drinks, also gave me pain worse than labor pain! Never again! ...Read more

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If you have a virus shouldn't you be on antibiotics?

If you have a virus shouldn't you be on antibiotics?

No: Antibiotics works on bacteria. It truly depends on what type of virus you have, by knowing which virus you have the proper treatment will be used. ...Read more

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What is t-virus?

What is t-virus?

Fiction: It is a fictitious virus in a video game. ...Read more

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Will I recover from a cold virus faster if I exercise than if I don't exercise?

Will I recover from a cold virus faster if I exercise than if I don't exercise?

No: There has been little research on this issue but there is no evidence that you will recover faster if you exercise, but it appears safe as long as you don't overdo it and you may feel a bit better- see http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/25/health/nutrition/25best.html The best treatment for a cold is the herb Pelargonium sidoides, widely sold as Umcka- see http://bit.ly/1f6rJci ...Read more

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If a person have a virus, cold temperature etc. &another was still in the car with him but didn't touched can he still catch the virus?

If a person have a virus, cold temperature etc. &another was still in the car with him but didn't touched can he still catch the virus?

Depends: This would depend on the virus and how it was transmitted, whether the person exposed had ever had that viral strain before, the state of their immunity and so on and so on. ...Read more

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If a person receive bbbj from someone and the person didn't make love and didn't give bbbj only receive , will the person contact any virus ?

Fairly safe: Is a "bbbj" a "bj" given by someone who stutters? The risk of receiving oral sex is low. You could get herpes or syphilis from the partner's mouth, but it would be virtually impossible to get HIV that way. ...Read more

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Are colds caused by viruses?.Can anyone give me a cold?. I have always believed you catch a cold when, for example, it is cold and you don't wrap up.

Are colds caused by viruses?.Can anyone give me a cold?. I have always believed you catch a cold when, for example, it is cold and you don't wrap up.

Yes: Colds are cause by viruses. The most common cause is the rhinovirus which accounts for up to 40 percent of all causes. They can spread from person to person, by touching contaminated surface such as door knob, telephone etc as well as by respiratory droplets from infected people (when they sneeze or cold). Always use wash your hands sanitizers to prevent the spread ...Read more

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I've been sick with up resp virus for about 6 weeks. Saw dr three weeks ago, she said to wait it out but it doesn't seem to be getting better. Advice?

I've been sick with up resp virus for about 6 weeks. Saw dr three weeks ago, she said to wait it out but it doesn't seem to be getting better. Advice?

URI: Some versions hang on for this long. Any friends had same thing? if so how long did it last. Not sure what "Been sick" means in your part of the world. Need more information. Ion general I recommend hot showers and steam if you can, Eucalyptus cough drops and heating pad over forehead at night. ...Read more

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What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus? Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?

What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus?  Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?

Probably: The human t-lymphotropic virus type i is a human RNA retrovirus that is known to cause adult t-cell leukemia and lymphoma, and a demyelinating disease called htlv-i associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Htlv-i is one of a group of closely related primate t lymphotropic viruses. The ones that infect old-world primates are called simian t-lymphotropic viruses. ...Read more

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What are viruses?

A Virus: Is a microorganism that can only grow & reproduce in living cells. Viruses are often responsible for infections. ...Read more

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Can viruses be killed?

Yes: Your body has significant anti-viral defenses and most viral illnesses are short lived due to this ability, there are some drugs for some viruses, particularly the herpes family. Viruses are biological and can frequently be killed outside of a body with uv light, heat, and many chemicals. ...Read more

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Do any viruses target ova?

Oocytes: Thank you for this question. The mature oocyte has a thick covering called the zona pellucida that has to be traversed to reach it. It is therefore unlikely that this would occur unless carried by the sperm which can bind to and then traverse the zona peelucida. ...Read more

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What are some types of viruses?

Textbook Questions: This would take an entire text book to answer. It is way out of the bounds of this simple app. Perhaps you can narrow this down to a specific question or symptom to ask about. ...Read more

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How do we get viruses from food?

How do we get viruses from food?

All that's: necessary is for a virus(like the Norovirus) to be able to hardy enough to survive(viable) for any prolonged period of time in food(or water or on living surfaces for that matter) so that another person get exposed through breaks in the skin, or through the mucous membranes of our respiratory or gastrointestinal tract. ...Read more

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Do viruses stay with you forever?

Do viruses stay with you forever?

Most don't.: Consider the common cold as an example of a virus that just dies out. But some viruses can remain with you. ...Read more

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What cause viruses in the humans body?

What cause viruses in the humans body?

Ecology of viruses: Viruses, like many other living things, are just looking for a 'home'. All of life is like that -and we can find viruses affecting not just humans but many other species of animals, even plants! The question is, 'is this virus causing a disease'? That is what doctors are for -to help you determine when to step in and take action. If you are concerned about a certain virus, ask more questions. ...Read more