Doctor insights on:
Typical Vs Retro Viruses
Sometimes...: The overwhelming majority of cases of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma have evidence of HTLV-1 infection. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is also potentially linked to this virus. On the flip-side, only 1-5% of people with HTLV-1 will develop cancer. Hope this helps! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Bacterial vs. Viral meningitis? What are some of the differences between bacterial and viral meningitis?
Treatment: Both cause inflammation of the meninges or brain covering with intense headaches, neurological symptoms, fever, and stiff nek. Bacterial meningitis tends to be more severe and there are antibiotics that can treat it. Viral meningitis is viral and there are not antibiotics that treat it. That is the briefest difference. ...Read more
Can the petichiae of haemophilus meningitis vs henoch-schonlein-purpura be distinguished clinically?
Yes and no: No clinician would take chances. The history and symptoms would tilt the balance either way. Most patients end up having a lumbar puncture if there is any clinical suspicion for meningitis. Remember that rashes may be in different stages and that will make impossible to differentiate. ...Read more
Yes: Both.Get a more detailed answer ›
LEFT UPPER LUNG OPACITIES. CONCIDER INFECTIOUS PROCESS SUCH AS PNEUMONIA OR PTB OF UNDETERMINED ACTIVITY VERSUS FIBROTIC CHANGES, means?
Clinical history: So it depends on prior exposures. If you clinically have cough, fever, mucus production more likely an acute infection like pneumonia. However in endemic area, tuberculosis until proven otherwise. In younger person without other lung issues it would be rare to have fibrosis in upper lungs. See specialist if this does not resolve with antibiotics and repeat xray (priors?) for help ...Read more
Is 24 hr "stomach flu" (vomiting) usually from a virus (eg., norovirus) or bad food? I'm guessing most cases are the former??
GI flu: You are correct. Rather than guess go to uptodate.com and find out. ...Read more
Mainly immune system: Though direct viral killing can occur, causing some of the sx, in response to infections from viruses, your body produces a lot of different proteins to help signal and coordinate your immune system to fight infection, and to create a hostile environment to the virus. Examples includes interferon alpha/beta- this group of proteins can cause muscle aches, joint pain, and fever. Hope this helps. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Scope of symptoms: A localized infection is an infected hangnail, for example, or a boil. Sometimes, a pneumonia can be a localized infection, as it is only located in one specific place, namely the lung. A systemic infection either can mean an infection that has spread to multiple areas and organs, or it can mean a violent reaction of the body to a localized infection, such as a pneumonia or abcess. ...Read more
What does each word/phrase mean?Infiltrating, well differentiated adenocarcinoma; carcinoma focally invades superficial submucosa;no lymphovascular invasion?Is surgery advised for this type of report?
Enlarged unilateral tonsil for several months, white patches, crypts, no other symptoms, mild anterior cervical lymphadenopathy, recurrent strep +3x?
Less than: Staph infections are much more common than candida following a viral pneumonia, but certainly they can occur. Generally, overgrowth of candida that is local (thrush or vaginosis) can occur in any patient. Systemic candidiasis or candidal pneumonia is seen, but usually only in the immune compromised or severely ill patient. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the most common bacteria that cause meningitis in post neonatal period is it hemophillus influenza type b or streptococcus pneumonae?
Time: Almost all bacterial sinus infections occur following a viral upper respiratory infection. In the first several days following a cold the sinuses inflame due to the viral illness. About 15 to 20% of the time a viral illness becomes bacterial. 7 to 10 days after illness if symptoms persist or worsen with cough, headache, congestion, bacterial is now a likelyhood. ...Read more
What are some possible causes of bulky mediastinal lymphadenopathy(other than cancer) involving subcarinal, bilateral hilar and paratracheal nodes?
Sarcoid: could cause adenopathy in those regions, as well as other granulomatous inflammatory processes. Infectious processes such as histoplasmosis could do it. Certain chronic exposures such as berylliosis and silicosis could cause mediastinal adenopathy, but usually the history and other findings make those diagnoses more obvious. Unfortunately, lymphoma is the major consideration in most cases. ...Read more
How long is a typical virus? It's been 13 days is better but lungs hurt to breathe in now. Could it be she's worse even thou she's better. What now?
Viral infection: The average viral respiratory tract infections last about a week. When fever,sweats,cough,wheeze,discolored sputum persist longer than that, a bacterial infection is suspected and antibiotic treatment is usually begun. Have your daughter's pediatrician examine her if she fits into any of these patterns. ...Read more
My WBC total count is in normal range. My neutrophils are 82%, eosinophils 0%, lymphocites 9.9% and have an absolute value of 660. My md said it is typical of virus and ishould get a retest done but I am scared. Is this typical?
Lab data: The values you quote are meaningless without an understanding of the clinical history and a physical exam. Not sure what is scaring you because the values seem normal. Discuss with the doctor and if not getting adequate responses get a second opinion. Good luck and best wishes. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Can trapped gas cause a GREAT deal of stomach discomfort? It came on suddenly. Not the typical pain associated with stomach virus.
Sure can!: I had gas pain that was worse than my later appendicitis. Gas-X (simethicone) helps a lot. But bad pain needs to be evaluated if it does not go away quickly with simethicone or an antacid. Splenda and sorbitol candies and drinks, also gave me pain worse than labor pain! Never again! ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: There has been little research on this issue but there is no evidence that you will recover faster if you exercise, but it appears safe as long as you don't overdo it and you may feel a bit better- see http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/25/health/nutrition/25best.html The best treatment for a cold is the herb Pelargonium sidoides, widely sold as Umcka- see http://bit.ly/1f6rJci ...Read more
If a person have a virus, cold temperature etc. &another was still in the car with him but didn't touched can he still catch the virus?
Are colds caused by viruses?.Can anyone give me a cold?. I have always believed you catch a cold when, for example, it is cold and you don't wrap up.
Yes: Colds are cause by viruses. The most common cause is the rhinovirus which accounts for up to 40 percent of all causes. They can spread from person to person, by touching contaminated surface such as door knob, telephone etc as well as by respiratory droplets from infected people (when they sneeze or cold). Always use wash your hands sanitizers to prevent the spread ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
I've been sick with up resp virus for about 6 weeks. Saw dr three weeks ago, she said to wait it out but it doesn't seem to be getting better. Advice?
URI: Some versions hang on for this long. Any friends had same thing? if so how long did it last. Not sure what "Been sick" means in your part of the world. Need more information. Ion general I recommend hot showers and steam if you can, Eucalyptus cough drops and heating pad over forehead at night. ...Read more
What is the origin of human t-lymphotrophic virus? Did it originate from primates (simian viruses?)?
Probably: The human t-lymphotropic virus type i is a human RNA retrovirus that is known to cause adult t-cell leukemia and lymphoma, and a demyelinating disease called htlv-i associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Htlv-i is one of a group of closely related primate t lymphotropic viruses. The ones that infect old-world primates are called simian t-lymphotropic viruses. ...Read more
Yes: Your body has significant anti-viral defenses and most viral illnesses are short lived due to this ability, there are some drugs for some viruses, particularly the herpes family. Viruses are biological and can frequently be killed outside of a body with uv light, heat, and many chemicals. ...Read more
All that's: necessary is for a virus(like the Norovirus) to be able to hardy enough to survive(viable) for any prolonged period of time in food(or water or on living surfaces for that matter) so that another person get exposed through breaks in the skin, or through the mucous membranes of our respiratory or gastrointestinal tract. ...Read more
Ecology of viruses: Viruses, like many other living things, are just looking for a 'home'. All of life is like that -and we can find viruses affecting not just humans but many other species of animals, even plants! The question is, 'is this virus causing a disease'? That is what doctors are for -to help you determine when to step in and take action. If you are concerned about a certain virus, ask more questions. ...Read more
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