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Doctor insights on: Types Poliomyelitis

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What types of poliomyelitis are there?

What types of poliomyelitis are there?

3 strains 5 outcomes: There are 3 strains of the virus. Infected people can have 5 basic outcomes. 90-95% are asymptomatic, showing no illnes.Abortive illness is a brief flu like process. Nonparalytic polio is longer & marked by neck&spine rigidity but no parylisis.Paralytic polio adds paralysis to the symptoms & some die. Some survivors of paralytic polio have a post polio syndrome (new weakness) 30-40 yrs later. ...Read more

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Dr. Richard Ehman
170 doctors shared insights

Poliomyelitis (Definition)

Poliomyelitis is a viral disease that often affects nerves. It can produce either a partial or complete inability to move (paralysis). The virus that causes the disease can be spread through person-to-person contact as well as through contact with infected bodily substances. The polio vaccine is a ...Read more


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Which type of people are most at risk of contracting poliomyelitis?

Unvaccinated.: It is extremely rare in the western hemisphere (except for an outbreak in haiti), so travel to countries that still have polio epidemics is a major risk factor. ...Read more

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What type of polio vaccine is given in the usa for prevention of poliomyelitis?

What type of polio vaccine is given in the usa for prevention of poliomyelitis?

Injected/killed: The live weakened oral polio vaccine was the USA standard from the late early 60's until the early 90's. There was a low, but real risk of polio (1/1-2 million doses) with the oral vaccine that was not present with the enhanced injected vaccine. By the late 90's, the oral polio vaccine was not available to most physicians and the injected became the standard. ...Read more

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What are the signs of poliomyelitis?

What are the signs of poliomyelitis?

Flu-like symptoms of: sore throat, fever, nausea & vomiting in some, but infection with any serotype of poliovirus may not cause any symptoms in an immune-competent person. If the virus causes meningitis, add headache, stiff/sore neck & back, lethargy & risk of paralysis of the legs & other muscles including the diaphragm. I've seen kids die of poliomyelitis & other vaccine-preventable illnesses. I may see it again. ...Read more

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How can a person catch poliomyelitis?

Exposure to virus: The oral secretions of an infected patient are contageous before the onset of symptoms & up to two weeks. The patients stool will contain virus for weeks. You can be exposed to droplets of a cough& the virus can be active for days at room temperature on surfaces. Touch it & touch your mouth & you are exposed. It is a human to human only germ, no pets or insects. ...Read more

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How can poliomyelitis be transmitted?

Oral secretion/stool: The virus is active in the oral secretions of an infected patient from shortly before the onset of symptoms for up to 2 weeks. It is excreted in the stool for several weeks after the onset of illness. The virus is stable for days at room temperature. Contact with any viral material on hands or inhaled as droplets can pass the infection. ...Read more

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What are the tests for poliomyelitis?

See below:: Tests include: cultures of throat washings, stools, or cerebrospinal fluid (csf); routine CSF examination; test for levels of antibodies to the polio virus. A physician may find: abnormal reflexes; back stiffness; difficulty lifting the head or legs when lying flat on the back; stiff neck ; & trouble bending the neck. ...Read more

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How can humans contract poliomyelitis?

Virus: Poliomyelitis is a viral infection. It has been nearly, but not completely eradicated from the world, but there are still cases in countries such as pakistan, afghanistan and nigeria. Although, not recently seen in usa, it is still important to vaccinate for polio. Since it has not been completely eradicated it would only take a few years for it to come back if we stopped vaccinations. ...Read more

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Who is most at risk from poliomyelitis?

Unimmunized: Maternal antibodies often protect a baby for their first weeks, after which they are at risk. Mortality and degree of disability was greater after the age of puberty when the disease was prevalent. Death often came within the first two wks. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of poliomyelitis?

What are the symptoms of poliomyelitis?

Depends on type: There are two forms of poliomyelitis- the first does not cause long term muscle and nerve damage and has symptoms such as fever, headaches and GI symptoms- the paralytic form may have those symptoms plus signs of muscle weakness and floppy arms or legs Here is a helpful summary http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polio/basics/symptoms/CON-20030957 ...Read more