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Doctor insights on: Types Of Memory Impairment Commonly Experienced With Dementia

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How does memory impairment affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language?

How does memory impairment affect the ability of an individual with dementia to use verbal language?

Many ways: Comprehension of verbal language requires that the left temporal language areas are intact. Declarative memory that is not autobiographical or emotional charged requires an intact left temporal lobe (hippocampus and related structures. Language output requires intact left frontal lobe structures. Some memory systems
are heavily invested in frontal lone circuitry. I could go on with more space ...Read more

Dr. Maureen Nash
1,475 Doctors shared insights

Dementia (Definition)

A brain disorder that seriously affects a person’s ability to carry out daily activities. The most common form of dementia among older people is Alzheimer’s disease (AD), which initially involves the parts of the brain that control ...Read more


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How does memory impairment affect the ability of an elder dementia patient to use verbal language?

How does memory impairment affect the ability of an elder dementia patient to use verbal language?

Not great: The verbal langauage declines as the dementia progresses. Any new verbal and non-verbal language will not process into the brain for learning purpose and carrying out function. So stick with the simple and familiar verbal langauage for now. There is an interested concept of conservation for dementia individuals called "landmark" or "elderspeak". ...Read more

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What types of medicines do they have for memory loss at 59 with family history of dementia?

What types of medicines do they have for memory loss at 59 with family history of dementia?

Two types of: Medications are available: cholinesterase inhibitors such as Aricept and nmda receptor antagonists like namenda (memantine). The first class increases acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in memory. Namenda (memantine) decreases abnormal brain activity allowing clearer thinking. ...Read more

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Is memory loss from dementia caused by multiple mini strokes different from the type caused by alzheimer's? In what way?

Is memory loss from dementia caused by multiple mini strokes different from the type caused by alzheimer's? In what way?

Pattern different: "vascular dementia" is associated with heart disease, hypertension, high cholesterol, is rather abrupt, stepwise, and associated with some focal outcomes. The cognitive exam is perhaps similar to alzheimer;s, but abrupt changes not seen in alzheimer's. ...Read more

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Is schizophrenia a type of dementia? If not why does it cause severe memory loss, black outs during listening, forgetting basic things, names, ect?

Is schizophrenia a type of dementia? If not why does it cause severe memory loss, black outs during listening, forgetting basic things, names, ect?

Used to be thought s: Originally the disorder now called schizophrenia was called dementia praecox. Now we have a much more detailed division of mental disorders. There definately can be symptoms that are the same as those in someone with dementia. Any new diagnosis of schizophrenia requires a neurologic evaluation and brain imaging. There are many things that have overlapping sx and new sx may warrant neuro consult. ...Read more

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What happens in memory unit or dementia facility after the families leave? Any way to tell?

What happens in memory unit or dementia facility after the families leave? Any way to tell?

Ask the facility: All medical facilities have protocols in place. You should ask them directly what are they going to do with your relative. ...Read more

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My memory has stayed the same or even improved over the last year. Does this mean I don't have dementia? I'm 21 scored 25 on moca

My memory has stayed the same or even improved over the last year. Does this mean I don't have dementia? I'm 21 scored 25 on moca

Probably no dementia: Without knowing much more about you - I can't make a firm prediction - but from what you say - you have no likelihood of having dementia. If you know of an injury or a substance that did some cognitive damage, it's still not exactly dementia and your score is borderline fine. Some very mild impairment may be experienced, but you can target it w/ therapy. Relax! ...Read more

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I am 71; memory is good but I am so distracted and can't seem to finish a task. Is it sign of dementia? I don't get joy from much in life.

I am 71; memory is good but I am so distracted and can't seem to finish a task. Is it sign of dementia? I don't get joy from much in life.

Perhaps.....: Perhaps it is a sign of depression. If your life lacks joy, concentration is poor, sleep or appetite are altered, you aren't as motivated to be involved with other people or activities - let your doctor know. Take care carol b. ...Read more

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Does Donezepil worsen memory if you don't have dementia?

Does Donezepil worsen memory if you don't have dementia?

No: It should not affect your memory if you do not have Dementia.... And then there is no reason to take it if you do not have it ...Read more

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Is it normal to lose memory after growing up around people with dementia?

Is it normal to lose memory after growing up around people with dementia?

No: Dementia is not contagious. The only connection is that it can run in families genetically. However, being around a relative with dementia is not going to increase your chances. ...Read more

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When an older adult develops dementia do they lose their sense of humor along with their memory?

Not always: Personality changes are common and an emotional "flattening" is often seen.
This should not be assumed to be "normal". Depression can cause the same effects and is very treatable-even in more advanced cases.
However, some introverted people become extremely extroverted and at times stop holding back the impulses to say and do what would normally be resisted when they were cognitive-be prepared! ...Read more

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How common is dementia at age 20? Can easily forgetting recent events, like putting something away, be a symptom? No history, dad has memory issues.

How common is dementia at age 20? Can easily forgetting recent events, like putting something away, be a symptom? No history, dad has memory issues.

Rare: You are probably alert for sx because of your dad--many other more likely explanations for your forgetfulness--when you hear hoof beats on the bridge don't think first of unicorns! ...Read more

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How can I differentiate between normal memory loss and dementia?

How can I differentiate between normal memory loss and dementia?

Memory is complex: Dementia is the name for a group of different illnesses all of which affect memory. However for a person to be diagnosed with dementia, they must have deficits in other areas of brain functioning like words and speech, trouble doing tasks or other problems as well as a loss of functioning. A geriatric psychiatrist is an expert in helping make this distinction. ...Read more

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How can I tell if a loved one is having memory problems or dementia?

How can I tell if a loved one is having memory problems or dementia?

You probably can't: Memory loss or memory retrieval problems often appear and then disappear for various reasons. It takes someone trained in how memory works to make such a diagnosis. If you notice memory problems and are concerned, consult with your primary care physician. If he/she is not able to give you the answer, he/she will refer you to someone who can. ...Read more

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Can one regain short time memory after losing it to vascular dementia?

Can one regain short time memory after losing it to vascular dementia?

Fish Oil: The dementia that is reversible is vitamin B12 or Folic Acid defiency dementia, . Vascular dementia is irreversible. I know for sure that there are a lot of good tangible results about fish oil being very helpful to improve cognition, sleep, anxiety, depression. These are all associated common symptoms of dementia too. It also reduces clotting, which is common with vasuclar dementia. ...Read more

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What foods can I eat to lessen my risks of schizophrenia and dementia, and increase memory function?

Mental health diet: I know of no medical research demonstrating that diet can cause or have an effect on schizophrenia. Omega 3 fatty acids are good for one's brain. Check with your doctor. ...Read more

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I'm 18 my grandma got dementia at 55, I have bad memory and forget what I'm doing alot, do I have dementia? I'm so scared! I have depersonalization

I'm 18 my grandma got dementia at 55, I have bad memory and forget what I'm doing alot, do I have dementia? I'm so scared! I have depersonalization

No but go see ur doc: I'm sorry to hear that your grandmother was diagnosed w/early onset dementia. Just because you have a bad memory doesn't mean you have dementia. If you can't pay attention to things around you, it's difficult to remember them. Best to go see your doctor to make sure you're otherwise healthy (aside from sleep apnea & high blood pressure). Use your CPAP machine as directed & take BP meds as directed. ...Read more

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Dementia pt 1st in assisted living, then memory care unit but evict due to assaults, in psych unit, then again assisted living unit (not locked). Y?

Dementia & assaults: There are many possible causes for violent behavior in people with dementia, including delirium from occult infection, & conflict with staff. It requires urgent evaluation. I'm sorry, but I have no way of knowing how placement was selected for this person after discharge from inpatient psychiatry. Please ask the physicians and staff involved about this, and for any recommendations they may have. ...Read more

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What are some first signs of dementia besides poor memory?

What are some first signs of dementia besides poor memory?

Execve functioning: For a diagnosis of dementia [alzheimers dease, for example] there needs to also be poor executive functioning. This is the part of our thinking from the most developed pars of our brain, the frontal and pre-frontal cortex. Problems here show up as issues with poor decision making, poor impulse control, difficult with executive tasks such as balancing a checkbook. ...Read more

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The doctor says my grandad has dementia but his memory is very good. I thought memory was affected first in dementia?

The doctor says my grandad has dementia but his memory is very good. I thought memory was affected first in dementia?

Dementia: I would ask - how is your grandfather's shorter term memory? A person may have great recall of really old memories but not remember what was just said or the meal they just ate. ...Read more

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What is mild cognitive impairment or early dementia?

MCI: The most important point is that mci does not always progress to alzheimer's. On exam, a good psychiatrist or psychologist can pick up subtle changes in cognition. But does not rise to the level of dementia. ...Read more

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What is cognitive impairment? New term for mild dementia?

What is cognitive impairment? New term for mild dementia?

Cognitive impairment: Is a description of something going wrong in the brain, so no it is not a substitute for mild dementia. It just says that the infection or fever or depression or blood sugar or any number of other things is impairing a person's cognition. ...Read more

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Why is dementia often mistaken for age-related cognitive impairment?

Why is dementia often mistaken for age-related cognitive impairment?

Similar: In the early stages dementia has the same symptoms as age-related cognitive impairment, such as word finding difficulty. However, in the middle and late stages of dementia this similarity disappears. ...Read more

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Could you tell me what are some early signs of dementia besides poor memory?

Dementia, early: Though some can be caused by depression or other problems, some early signs include problems planning, loss of language (forgetting names), inability to recognize people known, lack of social interest, spatial confusion, losing things, being unable to complete simple things like recipes or balancing checkbook. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of early onset dementia? What is the progression of the disease? Can it cause apathy and short term memory issues? Unreality?

What are the symptoms of early onset dementia? What is the progression of the disease? Can it cause apathy and short term memory issues? Unreality?

Early onset dementia: Early signs of dementia include forgetting recently learned information, changes in the ability to solve problems and work with numbers, trouble finishing tasks, trouble with spatial relationships, misplacing things, becoming withdrawn, changes in personality, and poor judgement. Dementia can cause apathy and short term memory issues. The progression depends on the cause of the dementia. ...Read more

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Are there any long-term side-effects of general anesthesia, such as memory loss or dementia?

Are there any long-term side-effects of general anesthesia, such as memory loss or dementia?

Possible: Very rare but I have seen patients where this has happened - get a consult with aneurologist ...Read more

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Is it true that anticholinergenics may be linked to cognitive impairment and dementia? What should I use now to put me to sleep?

Is it true that anticholinergenics may be linked to cognitive impairment and dementia? What should I use now to put me to sleep?

Here's the news: It is very clear that in older folks, drugs such as Benadryl, (diphenhydramine) with strong anti-cholinergic characteristics, can promote profound confusion, and may even lead to worsening of acetyl-choline deterioration in Alzheimer's. Unlikely to affect you at 28 however.
Melatonin seems far safer and likely effective in most cases. ...Read more

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Are there subtle changes in early Alzheimer's or dementia, that might normally be dismissed? Any other symptoms besides memory loss?

Very subtle: Watch for irritability, frustration, sense of confusion. It will progress to anger, anxiety, depression.Depending on the premorbid intelectual level, the above signs will be more or less prominent. Still memory loss is the redflag! ...Read more

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My mum 92 is currently on glutamine for dementia and protos for osteoporosis. Can it worsen her dementia as protos can cause memory loss?

My mum 92 is currently on glutamine for dementia and protos for osteoporosis. Can it worsen her dementia as protos can cause memory loss?

Maybe (not). . .: I suspect that your mum isn't being cared for in the states by your pronoun choice and medications being used. Please understand that most if not all physicians on this website practice in america which makes it difficult to keep track of & up-to-date on drugs used outside of states. In researching your question, it appears that some people are worried that glutamine & strontium might worsen ad. ...Read more

Dr. Bennett Machanic
1,817 Doctors shared insights

Memory (Definition)

Memory is the ability to recall information ...Read more