Doctor insights on:
Types Of Memory Impairment Commonly Experienced With Dementia
Optometrist: Like anyone else, people with dementia should be routinely evaluated by an optometrist. Dementia sufferers at an elevated risk for visual problems, given shared risk factors (age, vasculpathy, etc.) also, important to identify and correct/treat, as any diminished sensory perception will exacerbate dementia symptoms. ...Read more
Good question: Entire textbooks have been devoted to this question. There are many neuro-degenerative disorders and neuro-metabolic disorders and neuro-genetic disorders that have been described. Many present with memory loss. Leucodystrophies and storage diseases are well known. Some have defined genetic markers, but many have no defined marker but definite genetic tendency. ...Read more
Many: Many possibilities: drug intoxication, especially with hallucinogens; drug withdrawal, such as alcohol; sometimes bipolar disorder; schizophrenia; delirium -- where acute medical conditions affect mental functioning; some forms of dementia also. Sometimes severe psychotic depression can show this as well. ...Read more
Phosphatidylserine (fos-fuh-tie-dul-SER-een) is a dietary supplement that has received some interest as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease and other memory problems: Several studies with phosphatidylserine indicate improved cognitive abilities and behaviors. However, improvements lasted only a few months and were seen in people with the least severe symptoms. Initially, phosphatidylserine supplements were derived from the brain cells of cows. But because of concerns about mad cow disease, most manufacturers now produce the supplements from soy or cabbage derivatives. Preliminary studies have shown that plant-based phosphatidylserine supplements may also offer benefits, but more research is needed. However, no modern studies have continued to focus on phosphatidylserine, suggesting its limited effect. Keep in mind that the Food and Drug Administration doesn't require manufacturers to provide evidence of the potential risks and benefits of phosphatidylserine — or of any supplement. Consult your doctor before starting any dietary supplement. ...Read more
Are there any non standard or special new treatments for multi infarct stroke dementia patient with loss of memory, cognitive functions?
What are some good ways to deal with cognition problems in general and memory problems in particular with multiple sclerosis?
See specialist: Generically, need to find out precise cause of such issues, and treat the underlying problem. Could involve thyroid, vitamin deficiency or other issues. If due to chronic disorder, such as MS, have found some benefit with alerting agents such as ritalin or modafanil, and rarely, assistance with galantamine (galantamine hydrobromide). Sometimes, speech therapy or cognitive/behavioural interventions of some benefit. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unlikely: Cerefolin is more like a vitamin so it is unlikely to cause confusion. When one has dementia, confusion can come and go. That being said, if there is an increase in confusion shortly after taking it and this doesn't happen at other times and continues to happen with use perhaps there is something specific about the person and the formulation that doesn't agree. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Can huperzine A prevent memory loss and improve cognitive function in people with Alzheimer's disease?
Huperzine (HOOP-ur-zeen) A, a dietary supplement derived from the Chinese club moss Huperzia serrata, has received some interest as a potential treatment for Alzheimer's disease: Huperzine A acts as a cholinesterase inhibitor — a type of medication that works by improving the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain. Small early studies suggest that huperzine A may improve memory and protect nerve cells, which could slow the cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's. A recent meta-analysis found evidence that huperzine A may significantly improve cognitive performance in patients with Alzheimer's disease. Another study suggests that huperzine A appears to have many protective effects on the brain in addition to its role as a cholinesterase inhibitor. However, there is a lack of long-term safety data — most studies have lasted three months or less — and many participants in the trials experienced side effects, including nausea and vomiting. More studies are needed to determine possible benefits and long-term risks of huperzine A. For now, most doctors don't recommend taking huperzine A because Food and Drug Administration-approved cholinesterase inhibitor medications are available that have been tested for safety and effectiveness. The Alzheimer's Association recommends that you not take huperzine A if you're already taking a prescribed cholinesterase inhibitor, such as donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) or galantamine (galantamine hydrobromide) (Razadyne). Taking both could increase your risk of serious side effects. Consult with your doctor before starting any dietary supplement, including huperzine A. ...Read more
Depends upon age: The "most common" cause of epilepsy depends upon the age of the person. In the first years of life, birth injury, genetic causes, etc. Middle years of life--head trauma. Later in life, strokes and dementia. There is no age group for which brain tumor is the most common cause of new-onset epilepsy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depression/dementia: The true symptoms of each should be distinguishable ie dementia with recent memory decline etc. Depression can come up with many symptoms ie fatigue, sadness, insomnia, etc. Either condition can make the other worse. Ie pseudo dementia can be clearly aggravated by depression and treatment of the depression may make the memory issue better. ...Read more
Geriatric epilepsy unknown etiology patient on TEGRETOL . Short memory loss and signs of poor brain circulation(MRI), drugs advised?Cavinton ?
Cerebral blood flow: Carbamazepine is a good agent for seizures, but can be associated with cognitive side effects. If the issue is with blood flow in brain, additional details need to be provided. As for Vinpocetine (Cavinton) there is anecdotal evidence of improvement of blood flow, but there is less experience with that drug in regulated markets (eg US FDA) to comment on usage. ...Read more
Here it is: in all the conditions you listed memory is affected. delirium – often happens in elderly who developed a medical problem. Confusion and memory problems eventually will resolve. Amnesia – a general term to describe memory loss as a result of - - - usually, a head trauma, seizure etc. pre-senile dementia - is a type of permanent memory loss - like, Alzheimer's - started earlier than expected ...Read more
Has anyone had a patient with cognitive side effects from nardil (phenelzine)? Every aspect of memory, executive functioning are affected. Mechanism?
Do most cases of people with paradoxical reactions to benzos occur in people with underlying mental disorders?
No: Younger people and children are the most likely. (of course, some might argue that all children have underlying mental disorders...Just kidding!). Seriously, it's an unpredictable reaction. People who discover that they have this unusual reaction should then just avoid the drugs in the future. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Are visual hallucinations, such as shadow creatures, considered a 'common' occurence with schizoaffective disorder?
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