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Doctor insights on: Types Macular Degeneration

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What causes macular degeneration?

What causes macular degeneration?

Genetics: The predisposition for macular degeneration is inherited. It is a very complex disease with several, if not many genetic mutations contributing to risk. Additionally, there are other health factors that modulate disease risk. Most importantly nutrition, but also life style (smoking=bad), etc. Rule of thumb: if something is thought to be good for the heart, it probably also reduces amd risk. ...Read more

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Dr. Richard Scartozzi
577 doctors shared insights

Macular Degeneration (Definition)

A partly genetic disease affecting vision that happens to older people. There are two types: dry or wet, which are ...Read more


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What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

What causes juvenile cataracts or macular degeneration?

Juvenile cataracts: Congenital cataract: during pregnancy, mom has infection (ie measles/rubella (the most common cause), rubeola, chicken pox, cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, poliomyelitis, influenza, Epstein-Barr virus, syphilis, toxoplasmosis. Juvenile: include, prior trauma, infection, inflammation, JRA. Macular degener: gene mutation-> Stargardt's disease, Best disease, and juvenile retinoschisis ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration genetic?

Is macular degeneration genetic?

Some: There are a few inherited forms especially those in the young and those associated with drusen deposits that have strong inheritance. Less certain is the inheritance pattern of ordinary, older age macular degeneration - the data is still being worked out. You can help protect your macula with a good diet, avoidance of sunlight and stopping smoking. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration curable?

Is macular degeneration curable?

Unfortunately not.: While there are ways to slow or treat the disease processes in age-related macular degeneration, particularly the wet form, there is presently no cure for the disease. ...Read more

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Is macular degeneration curabr?

Is macular degeneration curabr?

See Below: Dry (nonexudative) age-related macular degeneration (amd) is treated with areds (age-related eye disase study) vitamins. Wet (exudative) amd is treated with ocular injections (intravitreal avastin, lucentis, (ranibizumab) or eylea). See a retina specialist. There are no cures right now. ...Read more

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Which treatments are there for myopic macular degeneration?

Which treatments are there for myopic macular degeneration?

Not many: There are at least four problems that occur as part of this condition. First as the tissues stretch, there is a 'withering away' of one tissue layer needed for vision (RPE) which cannot be treated. Abnormal new blood vessels grow under the retina in some cases, and these can be treated. Myopic retinoschisis and myopic macular hole can be treated with vitrectomy or other surgery with some success ...Read more

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What are macular degenerative diseases?

What are macular degenerative diseases?

There are many: causes of degeneration of the macula. In younger patients they are usually genetic mutations (e.g. North Carolina Macular Dystrophy), and later in life they are age related (e.g. Age Related Macular Degeneration) but a genetic predisposition is required, not everyone gets it. Since the macula is where 'central vision' is captured, when the macula degenerates, the visual acuity worsens. ...Read more

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Can lasik cause lattice degeneration?

Can lasik cause lattice degeneration?

No: LASIK treats the outside of the eye. Lattice degneration is in the peripheral portion of the retina and is totally unrelated. It comes from retinal stretching during development and growth - not from LASIK. ...Read more

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What are maculopathy and macular dystrophy?

Macular definitions: Maculopathy is any disorder of the macular area. The most common, age related macular degeneration is about 5% inherited and the rest age related. The macula can be disordered in diabetic retinopathy, serous retinopathy, macular holes and cysts as well as parasitic infections. Consult your ophthalmologist if you suspect a problem. ...Read more

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What causes Age-Related Macular Degeneration?

Aging: There is still no clear single cause for Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD). It is a disease of geriatric. The incident is highest among those over 70. Genetic may play a role. Smoking has been shown to increase the risk of progression of the disease. Other conditions have also been cited such as cardiovascular disease. ...Read more

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Eye diseases like macular degeneration, retinal detachment, and cataracts are all in older people, right?

Age Related: All of those conditions are predominantly age related, although all can occur less often in young people. ...Read more

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What is stargardts disease (macular degeneration)?

What is stargardts disease (macular degeneration)?

See below: This genetic disease is sometimes called juvenile macular degeneration. This is no effective treatment for this disease that causes loss of central/reading vision. This disease may likely be treated by gene therapy as only 2 different gene defects are known to cause it. ...Read more

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Treatment for dry macular degeneration?

Not yet: While there are several medications as well as stem cell and gene therapies that are currently being investigated, no treatment has been proven to be safe and effective for geographic atrophy, the hallmark of dry amd. High dose anti-oxidant vitamin supplementation has been shown to be helpful in preventing the progression to the wet form of macular degeneration when certain early signs are present. ...Read more

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How rare is macular degeneration vision impairment?

How rare is macular degeneration vision impairment?

Frequent in elderly: There are a few rare macular degeneration (md) cases in the young but most md is in the elderly. Vision changes can be from minor to severe depending upon the individual. The frequency increases with age up to about 17% affected in those over age 90. If you or a family member/friend has this problem, they should see a retinal specialist for evaluation and possible treatment. ...Read more

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What are the stages of wet macular degeneration?

Stages of mac degen: The areds severity scale has been used to classify dry macular degeneration. Wet macular degeneration does not have such linear demarcations. It is categorized into classical cnv and occult cnv. There are several subtypes of occult. There are two variants of amd, (retinal angiomatous proliferation) RAP and pcv (polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy). Findings associated with wet amd are critical. ...Read more

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Is there a difference between macular degeneration and age-related macular degeneration?

Is there a difference between macular degeneration and age-related macular degeneration?

Technically yes: In general when people use the term 'macular degeneration' they are referring to the age-related form, but technically there are other types. Age-related macular degeneration is by far the most common, and the other and more rare forms are often hereditary and present much earlier in life. ...Read more

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How does macular degeneration cause floaters?

How does macular degeneration cause floaters?

ARMD Floaters?: Floaters are of two primary types--lets call them "fixed" or stationary floaters (also called scotomas) and "mobile" floaters. ARMD usually causes fixed floaters, not mobile floaters, and does so by damaging part of the retina to produce a blind spot or multiple blind spots by distorting the surface of the retina and damaging it. You are probably much too young for ARMD but discuss with eye doc. ...Read more

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Vitreous degeneration vs pvd--different symptoms?

Vitreous degeneration vs pvd--different symptoms?

Same: Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) occurs when the vitreous gel becomes more like a liquid. The solid component of the gel floats in the liquid component of the gel. This liquefaction process is basically vitreous "degeneration." the symptoms are floaters (black spots, cobwebs, bugs) and sometimes flashes of light. ...Read more

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Eye diseases like cataracts or macular degeneration, what are these caused by?

Eye diseases like cataracts or macular degeneration, what are these caused by?

Multiple factors: The adult form of these are mostly age-related. But things like genetics, environmental factors, overall health and diet, smoking, can make these worse. ...Read more