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Doctor insights on: Types Esophageal Cancer

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What are the types of esophageal cancer?

What are the types of esophageal cancer?

Two major types: The most common in this country is adenocarcinoma. The second most common is squamous cell carcinoma. There are other very rare types such as melanoma, lymphoma and small cell. Also, esophageal cancer is categorized by location, i.e. Bottom third, middle third and upper third of the esophagus. The majority in this country are in the lower third. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,287 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What are the different types of esophageal cancer? 

What are the different types of esophageal cancer? 

Two main types: The two main types are adenocarcinoma (the most common, derived from barrett's metaplasia) and squamous cell carcinoma. Adenocarcinoma is caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), and squamous cell carcinoma is generally caused by smoking and alcohol. ...Read more

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What causes esophageal cancer? 

What causes esophageal cancer? 

Two types: Adenocarcinoma: caused by acid reflux or gerd. This leads to barrett's metaplasia, then low grade dysplasia, then high grade dysplasia and then cancer. Squamous cell carcinoma is caused generally by smoking and alcohol consumption which is synergistic. ...Read more

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Can you cure esophageal cancer?

Can you cure esophageal cancer?

It depends: Esophageal cancer can be cured if it is caught early. The prognosis depends largely on the stage of disease. Lower stage disease which is more localized is more easily cured. ...Read more

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How is esophageal cancer treated?

How is esophageal cancer treated?

Depends on stage: There are 4 stages of esophageal cancer (with a and b subtypes for some). For stage i and iia, the upfront therapy is surgery or esophagectomy. For stage iib or iii, treatment is chemoradiation followed by surgery, or definitive chemoradiation. For stage iv, the treatment is chemotherapy, + /- radiation. ...Read more

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Is esophageal cancer fast growing?

Is esophageal cancer fast growing?

Probably: Depending on what you consider fast..Needs to be treated within very few weeks of diagnosis. ...Read more

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How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

How is esophageal cancer diagnosed?

Endoscopy: Endoscopy is the gold standard for diagnosing esophageal cancer. This is a fiberoptic camera placed through the mouth directly into the esophagus. Suspicious lesions can be biopsied directly. ...Read more

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How painful can esophageal cancer be?

How painful can esophageal cancer be?

Not at all, to very: Bad disease. Often no symptoms until well established. May have no heartburn. May have painful swallowing, and/or difficulty swallowing_ often progressive from solids to chopped, to liquids. Can cause pain, especially with spread. ...Read more

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Symptoms of esophageal cancer common?

Symptoms of esophageal cancer common?

Difficulty and/or: Pain on swallowing, leading to weight loss. Commonly associated with tobacco and alcohol use, now prevalent in overweight individuals with reflux. ...Read more

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Dr. David Cooke
211 doctors shared insights

Esophageal Cancer (Definition)

Lesions arising in the esophagus that are considered potentially malignant until biopsied. As they grow they cause swallowing problems and bleed. Treated ...Read more


Esophagus (Definition)

This is the muscular structure built like a tube that connects your throat to the stomach though which food ...Read more