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Doctor insights on: Tularemia Vaccine

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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Diamond
1,114 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


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What are the symptoms of tularemia?

Tularemia: The signs ; symptoms of tularemia depend on which form it is (ulceroglandular, glandular, oculoglandular, oropharyngeal or pneumonic). Please check this great site: http://www.Cdc.Gov/tularemia/signssymptoms/. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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What is bird flu vaccine?

What is bird flu vaccine?

Bird Flu Vaccine: Vaccine to protect against avian influenza (bird flu) also known as strain h5n1. This is different from the annual flu shot and the recent swine flu vaccine h1n1. The vaccine is kept in stockpiles for use in the event of an outbreak. Currently it is not a routine vaccine since avian flu rarely infects humans. People who work with poultry are most likely to be infected. ...Read more

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How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

How is the meningococcal vaccine different from the meningococcal meningitis vaccine?

The same: A vaccine is a set of proteins that trigger your body to produce antibodies against a certain agent. In this case it is the agent that causes Meningococcal infections. The most serious Meningococcal infection is the one that involves the meninges of the brain. This becomes Meningococcal meningitis. Good antibodies that build up from the vaccine can protect against the meningitis. ...Read more

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Hib vaccine doses?

Hib vaccine doses?

2,4,6 and 15 month: Hib is given as either a 3 or 4 dose series depending on which manufacturer. If the Merck product is used only 3 doses are required. If any doses are given from Sanofi, than 4 doses are required regardless if any Merck product was used. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

No, it's alive: The live attenuated influenza vaccine (laiv) is a live-virus nasal spray flu vaccine. "attenuated" means the live-virus has been weakened so not to cause the flu in persons receiving the vaccine. Some people do get some sniffles or stuffy nose for 2-3 days, from the nasal spray FluMist vaccine. ...Read more

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When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

When was the chicken cholera vaccine given?

Fowl cholera: Fowl (or chicken) Cholera Vaccine was developed by pasteur in the late 1800s. The disease is caused by pasteurella and is not related to human cholera caused by vibrio cholerae. The human disease, originally called asiatic cholera, is now a misnomer as 90 percent or more of cases currently originate in subsaharan africa. Fowl Cholera Vaccine was never used in humans. ...Read more

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How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

How the MMR vaccine prevent disease?

By making Antibodies: When M,MR injected it makes protective IGG Anibodies which are protctive against these diseases When and if you get exposed to these disease viruses the antibodies are responsible for protecting you ...Read more

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Pneumonia vaccine? Is there a pneumonia vaccine available?

Yes, : Yes, there is a pneumonia vaccine available. It is recommended for all children under five years old, with the first dose available at six weeks. There are four doses in the series, and children with certain health conditions including cochlear implants get another dose between ages two and six. From age seven to 18, the extra dose is given five years after last dose to children with functional or anatomic asplenia (no spleen) or some immune system conditions. For adults, a single dose vaccine is recommended at 65 years old. Prior to that, a one- or two-dose series is recommended for some people based on lifestyle, health conditions, other risk factors. According to the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc.Gov), in 2007 pneumonia and influenza were the #8 most common cause of death in this country, with 52, 000 deaths attributed to these two conditions. Influenza is less likely to lead to pneumonia and death when a patient is vaccinated; this is a good. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more


Dr. Harrison Lin
55 doctors shared insights

Tularemia (Definition)

Tularemia = Rabbit fever = infectious bacterial disease caused by Francisella tularensis, which can be found in rodents & ...Read more