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Doctor insights on: Tuberculosis

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Dr. Klaus d Lessnau
1,204 doctors shared insights

Tuberculosis (Overview)

A potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs.


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How does tuberculosis spread?

How does tuberculosis spread?

Airborne: When people who have active tuberculosis in the lung cough, thousands to hundreds of thousands of TB causing bacteria become airborne. People in close proximity will inhale the bacteria and thus get the disease. ...Read more

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Dr. Klaus d Lessnau
1,204 doctors shared insights

Tuberculosis (Overview)

A potentially serious infectious bacterial disease that mainly affects the lungs.


Amanda Xi Dr. Xi
6 doctors agreed:
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What are the symptoms for tuberculosis?

Amanda Xi Dr. Xi
6 doctors agreed:
What are the symptoms for tuberculosis?

Varies: Symptoms include cough [with mucus, blood], excessive night sweating, fatigue, fever, and unintentional weight loss. If you suspect that you may have been exposed to tb, see your physician for testing. ...Read more

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What's the purpose of having an acid-fast staining performed on a sputum sample from a patient exhibiting clinical signs of tuberculosis?

What's the purpose of having an acid-fast staining performed on a sputum sample from a patient exhibiting clinical signs of tuberculosis?

A confirmation...: Tuberculosis is a very significant comminicable infection and the treatments are often complex and long with potential of serious side effects, thus you don't want to treat unless the diagnosis is certain. Acid-fast staining is a biochemical process allowing the identification of this bug to confirm diagnosis. Treatment and prevention efforts are expensive/time consuming. Consult doc. Good luck. ...Read more

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What are the tests for tuberculosis diagnosis?

What are the tests for tuberculosis diagnosis?

2 types.: Standard tuberculin skin testing and TB blood testing (quantiferon and t-spot). Both only tell if a person has been infected with TB bacteria. It does not tell if the person is has latent TB or TB disease. Sputum and cxr will determine whether a person has TB disease. ...Read more

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Is there a possibility that you are diagnose with tuberculosis or pneumonia even if you don't have a cough?

Is there a possibility that you are diagnose with tuberculosis or pneumonia even if you don't have a cough?

Possible: Usually TB or pneumonia have some symptoms. Sometimes you can find a lesion on x-ray which may turn out to be tb. But pneumonias such as fungal infection can also be chance finding. ...Read more

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Where is the most likely place for me to catch tuberculosis?

High density environ: Tb is commonly contracted in high density living situations. Homes where 3-5 families living in one house is an example of this situation. ...Read more

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My TB (tuberculosis) test is positive, but I don't feel any symptoms. Why?

Chest X ray: It is possible to have active TB with very little symptoms especially early on. However, it is more than likely that you carry the germ for TB in a dormant form, this is called latent tb. No symptoms are expected with latent tb. ...Read more

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How does someone know if they have tuberculosis?

See your doctor: Symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis include fever, night sweats, cough, and weight loss. Your doctor can place a skin test, get a chest x-ray, and get sputum cultures if s/he suspects tuberculosis. ...Read more

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What is the cause of tuberculosis usually?

What is the cause of tuberculosis usually?

tubercle bacilli: Scientifically called mycobacterium tuberculosis, these bacilli cause the disease called tuberculosis which is acquired from the aerosol route from someone with active lung tuberculosis. ...Read more

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What could heaf skin test for latent tuberculosis mean?

HEAF: The HEAF (multi-puncture) test is used to identify people wi tuberculosis infections or diseases. Tuberculin (undiluted purified protein derivative) is applied to the arm wi 6 needle points. The area is usually checked for reaction a week later. Don't know if anyone uses this particular test anymore. ...Read more

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What type of medicines should I take to treat tuberculosis?

What type of medicines should I take to treat tuberculosis?

Anti-TB meds: The usual course of therapy for active TB is 2 months of isoniazid, rifampin, pryazinamide, and ethambutol, followed by 4 months of isoniazide and rifampin. However, this can vary depending on the specific characteristics of your infection. ...Read more

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How is tuberculosis usually treated?

How is tuberculosis usually treated?

Antibiotics: While it depends on the type and site of the tuberculosis (TB) infection, TB is generally treated with a combination of 3 or 4 antibiotics. The antibiotics are used for 6-9 months, and sometimes longer depending on the nature of the infection. Tb is a notoriously slow dividing bacteria, and this slow growth is the reason it takes so long for a TB infection to be treated. ...Read more

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Bacteria are resistant to antibiotics when treating tuberculosis. What potential problems might this cause?

Bacteria are resistant to antibiotics when treating tuberculosis. What potential problems might this cause?

Treatment resistant : This means that some people who are treated for TB will not respond. It is a very serious disease, so that would be a very serious problem. ...Read more

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Is there tuberculosis treatment for 4 months?

INH + rifapentine: The gold standard for latent (noninfectious) TB was nine months of Isoniazid (inh), but a study recently published in the new england journal of medicine showed that only three months of Rifapentine and inh was just as efficacious as the aforementioned standard. ...Read more

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What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Multi-drug therapy: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. This was the among the most common causes of lung disease in the early 20th century when it was called "consumption." Nowadays it is unusual in the US but still common in the 3rd world and very serious. Treatment is a regimen of 2 to 4 drugs for many months. Resistant strains are cropping up, which complicates matters greatly. ...Read more

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What does it mean if after two months of taking drugs tuberculosis is still active?

What does it mean if after two months of taking drugs tuberculosis is still active?

You need 6 months: For active tuberculosis you need four antibiotics 1 rifampin 2 inh 3 pyrazinamide 4 ethambutal all four for at least six months, for the disease to be cured.Some patients have resistant organisms to some first line antibiotics.In your case if your bacteria are not resistant to inh or Rifampin than you will turn negative on culture in due course and continue rx for at least 6 months.Talk to your md. ...Read more

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Why are tuberculosis tablets prescribed for fallopian tube block/pregnancy?

Why are tuberculosis tablets prescribed for fallopian tube block/pregnancy?

TB and fertility: Tuberculosis is a known, but rare, cause of tubal blockage. Once diagnosed, a cure is unusual. Tb pills are used to stop progression, and prevent the illness from progressing elsewhere, but generally cannot solve the fertility problem. Ivf can be considered. ...Read more

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Koch's spine is the tuberculosis of the spine which happens due to infection.But how a person gets infected? What may be the reasons?Is it hereditary?

No hereditary : Tuberculosis of spine is consider as potts disease/ spine. Tuberculosis of spine is not hereditary disease . Once person get primarily infected with mycobacterial tuberculosis , they can get this disease via spread to vertebrae , more common at thoracic spine. ...Read more

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Does anyone know if tuberculosis can be genetically inherited, say from a parent to a child?

Does anyone know if tuberculosis can be genetically inherited, say from a parent to a child?

No.: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease, caused by the bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is not genetic. However, if a woman has TB while pregnant, it is possible for her fetus to become infected in utero. Though extremely rare, TB can reach the baby through the placenta or infected amniotic fluid. Exposure to the mother's respiratory secretions after birth can also transmit TB to the newborn. ...Read more

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Dr. Scott Lindquist
607 doctors shared insights

Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection (Definition)

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an infectious organism that spreads by droplets coughed out by an infected person. Infection is established initially in lungs, but can spread within lungs & to other body parts, or can become latent, with reactivation occurring years to decades later. With effective treatment, it can be completely eliminated although drug resistant ...Read more