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Doctor insights on: Troponin Levels In Myocardial Infarction

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Please explain the high glucose level and high fbs in patients with myocardial infarction?

Please explain the high glucose level and high fbs in patients with myocardial infarction?

Stress: Hi. High glucose and high FBS may, repeat MAY, be seen with acute MI, but is not an absolute finding by any means. Many people have had diabetes (which actually contributes to them having an MI) but it doesn't get diagnosed until they're in the hospital for the MI. MI is a serious stress to the body, and two principle stress hormones, epinephrine and cortisol, raise blood sugar. Control diabetes! ...Read more

Dr. Creighton Wright
1,175 doctors shared insights

Myocardial Infarction (Definition)

Myocardial Infarction means some of the heart muscle dies because of insufficient oxygen supply. Most often this occurs because the coronary artery is blocked by plaque & clot. Other causes include tears in the artery wall, extremely high oxygen demand (eg, rapid arrhythmia, heart valve disorder, or severe systemic illness.) Prompt treatment can minimize heart damage & ...Read more


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Please explain the low level of hemoglobin and hematocrit in patients with myocardial infarction?

Please explain the low level of hemoglobin and hematocrit in patients with myocardial infarction?

Anemia and MI: Many patients that have a heart attack have normal hemoglobin and hematocrit. However if a patient does have anemia and coronary artery disease then the anemia can make it more likely that they have a heart attack. This is because with anemia the heart and body are not getting proper oxygen and this puts a strain on the heart and can result in heart attack. ...Read more

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How can myocardial infarction affect serum potassium and sodium levels?

How can myocardial infarction affect serum potassium and sodium levels?

Should not: Unlikely that a heart attack will affect sodium or potassium measurably, but medications will, particularly diuretics and in the case of sodium: too much fluid intake can drop the level. ...Read more

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How can troponin help with myocardial infarctions?

How can troponin help with myocardial infarctions?

Diagnosis: Since troponins measure damage to the heart muscle which occurs in a heart attack - the damaged/dying muscle will leak these into the serum which can be measured - they can be used to determine if a heart attack has occurred. ...Read more

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How painful is a myocardial infarction?

How painful is a myocardial infarction?

Unique to person: In many occations not painfull at all. Most common symptom is chest pressure, heavyness, oppresion, shortness of breath not "pain", sometimes indigestion like symptoms. "silent" heart attacks are common in patients with diabetes. Still today about 50% of people die on their first heart attack. In many occations thinking" its not my heart", " its reflux", "indigestion", "my hiatal hernia"anything but. ...Read more

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What is a st-wave myocardial infarction?

What is a st-wave myocardial infarction?

Various: The st segment is a portion of the electrocardiogram. A myocardial infarction can be described as st elevation myocardial infarction or non-st elevation myocardial infarction depending on the appearance of the electrocardiogram. Management of the 2 types of heart attack are somewhat different. ...Read more

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How do you diagnose myocardial infarction?

How do you diagnose myocardial infarction?

Multiple methods: Myocardial infarction (mi) is suspected by symptoms usually including chest pain. The conclusive diagnosis is established based on a combination of specific abnormalities of the electrocardiogram (ekg) and presence of certain heart enzymes that leak into the blood during an mi. The most common enzymes are called ck-mb and troponin. ...Read more

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What factors make myocardial infarction worse?

What factors make myocardial infarction worse?

Many: The location is a major factor: left main blockage is most likely to be fatal. Proximal left anterior descending is also often fatal. Patient factors such as on-going tobacco use, uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, anemia, pre-existing heart or kidney failure and advanced age all raise the risk. ...Read more

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What should I do after a myocardial infarction?

What should I do after a myocardial infarction?

See a doctor: Anyone who has had a heart attack/mi should be under the care of a physician who can evaluate their risks and prescribe the appropriate treatment. ...Read more

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What are the clinical symptoms of myocardial infarction?

Multiple & varied: Chest pain, radiation to the arm, neck, jaw, sense of impending doom, sweating, feeling of weight on chest, tiredness, shortness of breath, feeling faint or dizzy etc. About a quarter of the mis especially in diabetics may have no recognizable symptoms. Sudden death may be the only symptom in some. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Myocardial infarction?

What is the definition or description of: Myocardial infarction?

Heart Emergency: Myocardial Infarction means some of the heart muscle dies because of insufficient oxygen supply. Most often this occurs because the coronary artery is blocked by plaque & clot. Other causes include tears in the artery wall, extremely high oxygen demand (eg, rapid arrhythmia, heart valve disorder, or severe systemic illness.) Prompt treatment can minimize heart damage & the risk of death. ...Read more

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Should is the first step to take if a person has myocardial infarction?

Should is the first step to take if a person has myocardial infarction?

? MI ?: 18 year old boys don't have MI's almost ever. If they are feeling chest pain it is almost invariably reflux wherein stomach contents are being regurgitated up the esophagus and it is called heartburn. A key to diagnosing a true MI is that the pain is exercise induced-I.e. It gets worse when you're walking up the stairs or whatever and it gets better when you stop. If that is so, get to ER pronto. ...Read more

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What is acute myocardial infarction?

What is acute myocardial infarction?

Heart attack: Acute means happening myocardium is the heart muscle infarction is ischemia/ death of cells medical for heart attack. ...Read more

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What is a septal myocardial infarction?

What is a septal myocardial infarction?

A heart attack : The septum is the wall that separates the right from the left side of the heart. Myocardial infarction, a heart attack, is caused by a blocked artery in the heart. If the artery blocked supplies the blood to the septum the result is called a septal myocardial infarction. ...Read more

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How do you prevent myocardial infarction?

Many approaches: There are many type of interventions to prevent heart disease. Eat a diet lower in saturated fats and chiolesterol. Increase your intake of fiber, fruits and vegetables. Start an exercise program, 30 minutes 5 days a week. See a doctor. Check your blood pressure, cholesterol and fasting blood sugar. Talk about family history. Know your risk levels and get started on therapies to modify them. ...Read more

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What is st elevation myocardial infarction?

What is st elevation myocardial infarction?

ST elevation...: Many believe that an st elevation myocardial infarction means that it is a transmural infarct (involving the whole thickness of the myocardium). Some people refer to nstemi (non st elevation myocardial infarction) as non-transmural infarct (not involving the whole thickness of the myocardium). These definitions are somewhat debatable but thought you may be interested. ...Read more

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What is an inferior myocardial infarction from?

What is an inferior myocardial infarction from?

Many poss causes: An inferior mi refers to a heart attack on the inferior wall of the heart muscle. Almost all heart attacks are the result of fatty deposits on the inside of arteries that break open and cause clotting which will blocks the artery (and the blood from flowing to the part of the heart the artery feeds). Family history, fatty diet, smoking, high blood pressure all contribute to this process. ...Read more

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Why is the ESR elevated in a myocardial infarction?

Myocardial infarctio: During a mi there is a increased systemic inflammatory response. Esr is a marker of that very inflamation. ...Read more

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Troponin (Definition)

Troponin is an enzyme found in heart muscle, which is involved in the muscle fiber's ability to contract. It is extremely specific to heart muscle, and hence if levels are elevated in the blood, it points very confidently toward heart muscle damage as a cause of patient's symptoms. In fact, it is the test that is used to definitively ...Read more


Dr. Patricia Foster
3 doctors shared insights

Infarction (Definition)

When the blood supply of a tissue is compromised by whatever mechanism, the tissue will stop working and if blood flow is not restored, the tissue will eventually die ("infarct", both verb and noun). The clinical picture that runs with development of an infarct ("heart attack"; ...Read more