Doctor insights on:
Trisonomy 13 Syndrome
How to know if certain people are more likely to get trisomy number 13 patau syndrome than others?
Ordinary chromosomal traits require a pair of chromosomes to determine the traits. Occasionally, as a mistake in cellular division, there is a tripling of one of the chromosomes. When these occur, they usually cause unpleasant, and sometimes deadly conditions in the inheritor of these traits (e.g. Down's). Many we do not know about as they are ...Read more
I heard that certain people are more likely to get trisomy number 13 patau syndrome than others, why is that?
Child of older mom: Increasing maternal age increases the risk for chromosome disorders, highlighted by trisomy 21 (down syndrome) but applying to rarer trisomies like the trisomy 13 causing patau syndrome (1 in 8000 births or so). Risks for trisomy increase gradually with maternal age, going from <1 in 2000 under 30 to ~ 1 in 50 over age 40, with age 35 arbitrarily set as high risk (~1 in 200). ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Lifespan: In my clinical experience of 31 years practicing neonatal medicine, i would have to answer your question with a vague response. This is because each affected child does not necessarily have the same degree of affliction. The literature on this tells us that 99.9% die before a year of age. I have not seen one survive longer than two months, and I have seen many. ...Read more
Days/weeks.: Stillbirth (see picture) is very common. Of liveborns, 80% of affected infants die within the first month of life; only 5% survive the first six months. Severe intellectual disability, seizures, and failure to thrive are noticeable in survivors over 1 year of age. No interventions for fetal benefit are ethically justifiable during pregnancy (no cesarean section, no fetal monitoring indicated). ...Read more
Unclear: The information you list provides no specific information on which to base an answer. How was the data obtained and why? Does it relate to some specific test, a pregnancy, a genetic counseling session ? Questions should provide basic information on the problem and ask a clear question. The public site is not a chat room and none of your prior submissions are linked. Try again if you wish. ...Read more
Trisomy 13: Patau syndrome is also called trisomy 13. It occurs when a baby has 3 copies of the number 13 chromosome instead of the usual 2 copies. It causes severe physical problems and most babies with trisomy 13 die before birth or within the first year after birth. It usually happens because of an accident which occurs when the egg is fertilized, and occurs more commonly as mothers get older. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Supportively: Down syndrome itself does not need to be treated however certain conditions that can go along with ds should be managed and prevented if possible. These include monitoring for disturbances in growth and obesity, getting a cardiac workup to evaluate the heart function, have hearing and vision testing, check thyroid function, monitor the blood yearly for abnormal blood counts, good dental hygiene. ...Read more
Extra chromosome: In trisomy 18 the patient has an extra chromosome 18. This genetic disorder frequently causes heart and kidney defects. They may have a small head and jaw and usually have severe developmental delay. Here is a link http://www.Trisomy18.Org/site/pageserver?Pagename=whatist18_whatis. ...Read more