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Doctor insights on: Treatments For Pleomorphic Adenoma

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Whats the treatment for follicular adenoma thyroid nodules?

Whats the treatment for follicular adenoma thyroid nodules?

Watch them: Unless they are large, the treatment for adenomas of the thyroid is observation. They are removed when they are bug enough to cause symptoms. ...Read more

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Pleomorphic (Definition)

We use the term pleomorphic often in pathology; it literally means "many shapes". Pleomorphic cells in a tumor may tell of the genetic instability that's central to cancer, but the benign pleomorphic adenoma of the salivary glands merely has many different tissue types. The ...Read more


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What are the treatments for adrenal adenoma?

What are the treatments for adrenal adenoma?

Removal: If it is determined that the adrenal adenoma is a functioning one then treatment is removal of the affected adrenal gland. This is usually done laparoscopically. ...Read more

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Follicular neoplasm adenoma vs carcinoma of thyroid, if it's a possible cancer, what is the prognosis? And is radioactive iodine effective treatment?

Follicular neoplasm adenoma vs carcinoma of thyroid, if it's a possible cancer, what is the prognosis? And is radioactive iodine effective treatment?

Follicular CA thyroi: 67 F with follicular disease of thyroid. Ask about is it CA, prognosis, RAI RX? ANS: likely cancer but your team knows you best. RAI. not usually used. Likely need surgery. Tend to run in families so get detailed family tree and inform every first degree relative one Dx is clear. Surgery can cure. ...Read more

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What are some treatments for pituitary adenomas?

What are some treatments for pituitary adenomas?

Depends on type: Small non-functioning ones require no treatment, just regular follow-up. Prolactin-producing ones need medical treatment. Ones that produce other hormones generally need surgery. Large non-functioning ones that impair vision need surgery too. Sometimes after surgery radiation is needed, too. ...Read more

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What are some treatments for "invasive ductal carcinoma"?

What are some treatments for "invasive ductal carcinoma"?

Multi-modality: It would depend on the stage of the disease, but generally surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, and /or chemotherapy are the treatments. ...Read more

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My mom has needle aspiration biopsy and the results were: follicular neoplasm adenoma vs carcinoma; adenomatous colloid goiter with hyperplastic chang?

My mom has needle aspiration biopsy and the results were: follicular neoplasm adenoma vs carcinoma; adenomatous colloid goiter with hyperplastic chang?

It could be cancer/T: Thyroid cancer can show up like this. On the other hand benign Thyroid nodules are common but FNA may not be adequate to make a correct diagnosis. You should seek an expert opinion from a Thyroid Cancer doctor. Such specialists are found in bigger Medical centers or in a Cancer hospital where you could first go to an Endocrinologist or head and Neck surgeon for advice. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

There are several: More surgery might be an option if the cancer has spread in the neck or to just one other spot. Radioactive iodine may be able to treat many smaller metastatic areas. If these are not good options, some centers are using newer chemotherapy agents such as sorafanib (nexavar). A team with an endocrinologist and an oncologist would be helpful. ...Read more

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What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

Many: The treatment for melanoma involves removing the primary site with a margin depending on the depth of the melanoma. In addition for high risk lesion a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. If these lymph node contains melanoma the remainder of the lymph nodes are removed from that basin. Treatment for distant disease can involve surgery, chemotherapy and or immunotherapy. ...Read more

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Best treatment for mesenchymal chondrosarcoma? Has already undergone surgery, negative for tumor in all margins of resection

Best treatment for mesenchymal chondrosarcoma? Has already undergone surgery, negative for tumor in all margins of resection

Rare tumor: All answers will be anecdotal rather than evidence based. The location and function post surgery is important. As a sarcoma-type, these tend to travel to lungs, chest ct needs to be done. Role for adjuvant local therapy (radiotherapy) and systemic (chemotherapy) not proven. ...Read more

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Best treatment for invasive and in-situ carcinoma with lobular features, sbr grade 2, 8mm in size?

Best treatment for invasive and in-situ carcinoma with lobular features, sbr grade 2, 8mm in size?

If this was a....: ...Exam question, i'd say: lumpectomy with sentinel node analysis followed by radiation or mastectomy with sentinel node. Either would be followed by 5-10 years of oral endocrine therapy (tamoxifen or ai) if the tumor is er or pr positive. There may be other factors i'm not aware of that may move a doc to take a different approach so have a good talk with your doc about your options. ...Read more

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Abnormal for years imo. What are tests for adrenal tumor?

Abnormal for years imo. What are tests for adrenal tumor?

Hormones and CT: Tests for adrenal function: blood and urine tests for catecholamines (pheochromocytomas produce elevated BP and other symptoms), aldosterone blood levels (conn's syndrome produces elevated BP and low potassium blood levels) and cortisol levels (cushing syndrome). Ct may be useful if hormonal abnormalities are detected. If cushing's is strongly suspected, additional blood tests are required. ...Read more

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Colon:multi foci adenocarcinoma in situ &tubulovillous adenoma.Doctor suggest colonscopy to remove adenoma but another suggested surgery.Which better?

Colon:multi foci adenocarcinoma in situ &tubulovillous adenoma.Doctor suggest colonscopy to remove adenoma but another suggested surgery.Which better?

Depends: The 2 important factors to consider are the size of the polyp ; your health status. If the polyp is small and your health is not good, colonoscopic removal may be your best bet. If the polyp is very large ; your are in good health, surgery may be the wiser option. ...Read more

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What are some alternative treatments for a glioblastoma brain tumor?

What are some alternative treatments for a glioblastoma brain tumor?

Combination: I would never suggest fighting any tumor alone with alternative therapies but as combination therapy with conventional medicine; i would definitely add large quantities of food enzymes on an empty stomach with solid organic nutrition and i would add protandim to eliminate oxidative stress. Tag me in email thru my website and check protandim www.Medacpc.Com. ...Read more

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What are methods practised for staging papillary thyroid cancer? Not about my single fna test "suspicious for malignancy" (category 5) but more info.

What are methods practised for staging papillary thyroid cancer? Not about my single fna test  "suspicious for malignancy" (category 5) but more info.

Age, Tumor Size, LN: Staging of papillary thyroid ca is dependent on age (cutoff: 45), tumor size, lymph node involvement, and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body. Most of this information requires surgical evaluation and post-op scanning before a definitive stage is reached. However, the chance for cure is very high with these types of cancer, especially when younger than 45. ...Read more

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What are methods practised for staging papillary thyroid cancer? Not about my single fna test "suspicious for malignancy" (category 5) but more info.

What are methods practised for staging papillary thyroid cancer? Not about my single fna test  "suspicious for malignancy" (category 5) but more info.

Surgery + more tests: Staging for any cancer is based on pathology based on examination of the thyroid gland tissue: i.e. If it extends beyond the gland itself after it is removed, and if there are involved lymph nodes and on the findings of scans looking for spread to other organs. But the staging rests on a definitive diagnosis based on surgery. You need the surgical findings first. ...Read more

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Had benign neuroma removed, pituitary microadenoma, now diagnosis with giant cell bone tumor--can there be a link here?

Had benign neuroma removed, pituitary microadenoma, now diagnosis with giant cell bone tumor--can there be a link here?

Pituitary adenoma: There is no known link between pituitary adenomas and giant cell bone tumors. Both are generally benign tumors. Close follow up with a neurosurgeon who specializes in pituitary surgery and an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in bone tumors is essential for both tumor types. Sorry for your difficulties. All the best to you. ...Read more

Dr. Murthy Andavolu
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Adenoma (Definition)

Adenoma = a ...Read more