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Doctor insights on: Treatments For Melanoma Cancer

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What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

What are the treatment options for malignant melanoma cancer?

Many: The treatment for melanoma involves removing the primary site with a margin depending on the depth of the melanoma. In addition for high risk lesion a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. If these lymph node contains melanoma the remainder of the lymph nodes are removed from that basin. Treatment for distant disease can involve surgery, chemotherapy and or immunotherapy. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,344 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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What are the treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic colorectal cancer?

Chemo & RARE sx/rads: Chemo represents answers one through nine, however, if one has a solitary metastasis in the liver that is able to be surgically removed safely, this could be answer 10. Also, focused radiation (cyberknife or radiosugery as it it called) can sometimes be used to treat isolated mets if surgery is not possible. ...Read more

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Treatments for prostate cancer with bone metastasis?

Treatments for prostate cancer with bone metastasis?

Many: The first line of treatment for this is androgen deprivation. In addition, there are medicines which reduce the risk of fractures with Denosumab showing the most efficacy compared to zoledronic acid, however with some risk of significant side effects. For more extensive disease, a newer IV radium therapy has shown improved survival. Localized radiation can be effective for painful foci. ...Read more

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Could cancer treatments cure cancer?

Could cancer treatments cure cancer?

Heck yea!: Otherwise i'd be out of a job... Many cancers are curable if detected early (thus the importance of screening). Others, like testicular cancer or lymphoma can be cured even in advanced stages. Of course, it is best to reduce the risk of ever getting it by living a healthy lifestyle. Look at the american cancer society and see their statistics of survival, you will be surprised. ...Read more

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Treatments for bladder cancer?

Treatments for bladder cancer?

Mostly surgery. : Most bladder cancers are superficial or early and urologist remove them through a cystoscope. If covers a wide area and not invaded the bladder muscle they can add local immunotherapy with bcg. If there is invasion partial bladder or full bladder surgery is needed. In those too ill for surgery then we consider radiation and chemotherapy. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic lung cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic lung cancer?

Personalized therapy: Nowadays, treatment for metastatic lung cancer is individualized based on the type and biology of the cancer. Some genetic profiling evaluation would probably need to be done on the cancer cells-to guide you doctor in selecting best treatment for you. For majority , treatment will be combination of regular chemotherapies plus minus biological therapy vs clinical trials. Discuss further with your md. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic rectal cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic rectal cancer?

Chemo or Surgery: There are more options today. Rectal cancer metastatic to liver or lungs can be surgically removed if there are a limited number of tumors not affecting the liver or lung blood supply. Widespread rectal cancer is best treated with chemotherapy. In special circumstances, metastases can be treated with highly focused radiation or drugs can be injected into the tumor to shut down their blood supply. ...Read more

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Treatments for advanced cervical cancer?

Consult a Gynecologi: Cervix cancer has good treatment available and is frequently curable, especially if it is stage 2-3 and sometimes even when it is stage 4. But a gynecologist can advise you better. ...Read more

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Please describe treatment options for metastatic melanoma?

Please describe treatment options for metastatic melanoma?

SOC vs. trial: I agree with dr. Ho about standard of care (soc) options vs. Clinical trial. One online way to evaluate clinical trials based on tumor biomarkers in melanoma is here: http://www.Collabrx.Com/melanoma. ...Read more

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What are some treatments for breast cancer stage iv?

What are some treatments for breast cancer stage iv?

Systemic therapy: Mainstay therapy for stage IV cancer would be systemic therapy - in the form of chemotherapy or antiestrogen therapy for er+ breast cancer- in the right setting. Palliative radiation or surgical procedure can be given in the right setting i.e. Painful bony metastases, spinal cord compression- to relieve symptoms. Palliative care will be always part of the treatment througout the course of cancer. ...Read more

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What are the treatment options for metastatic breast cancer?

What are the treatment options for metastatic breast cancer?

It Depends: It depends on the "personality" of the cancer, ie whether it has the estrogen receptor, Progesterone receptor, or her2. It also depends on where the cancer is. Er+ cancer that has spread only to bone can often be treated with anti-estrogen pills alone, while cancer in the liver, lungs or brain often requires chemotherapy. Women can live for years with metastatic breast cancer. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic thyroid cancer?

There are several: More surgery might be an option if the cancer has spread in the neck or to just one other spot. Radioactive iodine may be able to treat many smaller metastatic areas. If these are not good options, some centers are using newer chemotherapy agents such as sorafanib (nexavar). A team with an endocrinologist and an oncologist would be helpful. ...Read more

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Are there any alternatives to chemotherapy treatment for metastic colon cancer?

Are there any alternatives to chemotherapy treatment for metastic colon cancer?

Yes: While chemo like FOLFOX is transiently effective, more immunotherapeutic agents are showing good responses. Avastin (bevacizumab) a vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitor and Erbitux effecting epidermal growth factor 1 are working well as is the newer Neo-102 against the immunogenic protein. Chemo in conjuction with the biologics (immunochemo) is the best combo. ...Read more

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What are treatments for stage 2 colon cancer?

What are treatments for stage 2 colon cancer?

Surgery...: If prevention and early detection efforts have failed, and colon cancer results, then surgical removal of the cancer is the primary treatment step. Assuming the tumor has not invaded through the GI tract, then surgery may be considered curative. Adjuvant treatments can be offered appropriate to pre- and post-operative assessments. ...Read more

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Are there any treatment options for ?Advanced stage uterine cancer patients?

Are there any treatment options for ?Advanced stage uterine cancer patients?

Radiation, surgery : And chemotherapy: even non-curable cancer may be kept under control with current treatments. If the cancer is too far advanced for control there still are treatments to keep the patient comfortable through palliative and hospice care. ...Read more

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Is surgery ever appropriate for metastatic cancer?

Yes: Yes. In general surgery is not useful for metastatic (spread) cancer. However in oligo (few) metastatic cancer -- especially for breast, colon, melanoma cancers patients may be rendered stage 4 ned (no evidence of disease). This may improve local control and symptoms, survival, and in a few cases even lead to cure. Removing the primary tumor (kidney) in renal cell carcinoma is helpful in met rcc. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for metastatic liver cancer?

What are the treatments for metastatic liver cancer?

Chemotherapy: Primary liver cancer can spread to other parts of the liver, adrenal glands or lymph nodes. Any spread is a bad sign and is rarely curable. Some metastases can be removed surgically but they often recur. By injecting drugs into individual tumor blood vessels some metastases can be killed. New chemotherapies can slow the progression of the cancer for a few months but there is still no cure. ...Read more

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Treatment for prostate cancer by stage.

Treatment for prostate cancer by stage.

Disease continuum: There is a disease continuum from localized disease through advanced metastatic castration resistant disease. Generally localized disease is treated with local therapies such as surgery or radiation and disease that either recurs or is more advanced is treated initially with hormonal therapy. Immune therapy and chemotherapy may be used after. ...Read more

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Best treatments for early stage prostrate cancer?

Best treatments for early stage prostrate cancer?

Prostate: Cancer today is usually detected by abnormal psa testing, but sometimesa lump or nodule is found on prostate digital rectal exam. Sextant biopsies are done on each side: top to bottom, inner to outer, and degree of cancer recorded and its gleason score. Watchful waiting may be roght for may, surgery or radiotherapy are done is risk is higher. ...Read more

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What are treatments for breast cancer?

What are treatments for breast cancer?

Multiple: The mainstay treatment for breast cancer is surgery, either mastectomy or lumpectomy, with sampling or removal of the lymph nodes in the armpit. Radiation is usually needed in conjunction with lumpectomy, but not necessarily with mastectomy. Chemotherapy may be added depending on the stage and characteristics of th cancer. Lastly, hormonal therapy may be useful depending on the tumor receptors. ...Read more

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Dr. Mike Bowman
957 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more


Dr. Travis Kidner
2,633 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Definition)

Cancer of the melanocyte cells. Melanocyte cells determine the color of your skin. Although these cells are primarily found in your skin, they can also be found in the bowel ...Read more