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Doctor insights on: Tourette Syndrome Williams Syndrome

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What is tourette syndrome?

What is tourette syndrome?

Brain disease: Ts is a neurobiologic condition involving the thalamus in the brain, caused by inheritance, but occasionally by panda's. It's main symptoms are complex(several muscle groups moving involuntarily to appease a sensory compulsion) tics or motor movements involving various body areas, including vocalizations (complex vocal motor tics).Occasionally ts is debilitating, but most often it's treatable. ...Read more

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Dr. Carla Enriquez
299 doctors shared insights

Tourette Syndrome (Definition)

From the Tourette Association of America comes the following definition: “Tourette Syndrome is one type of Tic Disorder. Tics are involuntary, repetitive movements and vocalizations. They are the defining feature of a group of childhood-onset, neurodevelopmental conditions known collectively as Tic Disorders and individually as Tourette Syndrome, Chronic Tic Disorder (Motor or Vocal Type), and Provisional Tic Disorder. The three Tic Disorders are distinguished by the types of tics present (motor, vocal/ phonic, or both) and by the length of time that the tics have been present. Individuals with Tourette Syndrome (TS) have had at least two motor tics and at least one vocal/ phonic tic in some combination over the course of more than a year. By contrast, individuals with Chronic Tic Disorder have either motor tics or vocal tics that have been present for more than a year, and individuals with Provisional Tic Disorder have tics that have been present for less than a year”. Most state there is no cure but- As we learn more about the role of strep and other infections in Paediatric autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disease we must consider that every child with Tourette deserves an evaluation to rule out this treatable cause of illness. Review this site ...Read more


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What causes tourette syndrome?

What causes tourette syndrome?

Gene mapping in : families with multi-generational GTS shows many mutant genes, alone or in combination, cause GTS. The complex patterns of inheritance & associated neuropsychiatric & neurodevelopmental disorders are on omim.org/entry/137580?search=tourette%20gene&highlight=tourette%20gene.Until whole genome testing is affordable,a Chromosomal Microarray is the blood test most likely to detect GTS mutations. ...Read more

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How does Tourette syndrome work?

Tourette Syndrome: is an inheritable Neurodevelopmental Disorder, caused by gene mutations yet to be defined. Diagnostic criteria = multiple motor tics & at least 1 vocal tic for at least a year, with no tic-free period > 2 mos. It is often associated with ADHD, OCD & other anxiety disorders. It begins in childhood. See www.tourettesyndrome.net for complete information & tsa-usa.org for resources & support. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of tourette syndrome?

What are the symptoms of tourette syndrome?

Vocal and Motor Tics: Tourette's syndrome is a tic disorder that involves both motor (movement) and vocal tics. Tics are involuntary actions (vocal or movement) that occur mutliple times per day. Vocal tics can take the form of throat clearing, sounds or full words or phrases. Motor tics can be simple (shoulder shrug, forced eye blink) or complex (involving multiple muscle groups and a series of rapid movements). ...Read more

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How do I know if my son has tourette syndrome?

Motor Movements: First are involuntary motor movements. If there are complex symphonies of movements (arms, head & shoulders moving in stylized fashion) then mm is more serious. If complex movements are above & below waist, it is more severe. Finally if vocalizations are included in the tic complex, you've reached maximum complexity. If these tics disrupt behavior it's more worrisome. See competent expert for dx. ...Read more

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Why doesn't medicine help my tourette syndrome?

Do you mean your : chronic motor &/or vocal tics have not responded to any medication prescribed by your neurologist or psychiatrist? Contact the Tourette Syndrome Association: tsa-usa.org/aabout_tsa/aContactTSA.htm. Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai & Weill Cornell SOM in NYC have TS centers of excellence. See http://www.tsa-usa.org/Medical/medical_main.html for information on valid treatments vs. chicanery. ...Read more

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Can you get Tourette Syndrome after the age of 7?

Yes: If you are concerned about Tourette's, see your doctor. There are other types of tic disorders which may be very common, and may resolve on their own. Tourette's is a particular type of tic disorder which also involves involuntary vocalizations. ...Read more

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What kinds of meds are used for tourette syndrome?

What kinds of meds are used for tourette syndrome?

Tourette: Typical & atypical antipsychotics, such as orap, haldol, risperdal, geodon (ziprasidone). Also, Clonidine & Tenex can be tried since they have fewer side-effects. ...Read more

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Dr. Fred McCurdy
63 doctors shared insights

Williams Syndrome (Definition)

Neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by loquacious personality, abnormally sensitive hearing, supravalvular aortic stenosis, mental retardation, elfin facies, association with hypercalcemia due to abnormal sensitivity to vitamin d, idiopathic hypercalcemia of pregnancy. Due to deletion in elastin gene and probably several ...Read more