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Doctor insights on: Total Parenteral Nutrition

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Total Parenteral Nutrition (Overview)

Total parenteral nutrition is the term used to describe a nutritional formula that is administered through the veins. When the digestive system cannot be used due to inflammation, blockage, or absorption problems, individuals will receive all nutrition via an intravenous catheter. This is usually not the preferred method of delivering nutrition long term and is usually a temporary method.


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Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Will total parenteral nutrition heal me?

Difficult to answer: What is the ailment? Tpn is usually a temporary treatment to tide a person over till s/he can recover from a GI illness. ...Read more

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Total Parenteral Nutrition (Overview)

Total parenteral nutrition is the term used to describe a nutritional formula that is administered through the veins. When the digestive system cannot be used due to inflammation, blockage, or absorption problems, individuals will receive all nutrition via an intravenous catheter. This is usually not the preferred method of delivering nutrition long term and is usually a temporary method.


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How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

How do you use total parenteral nutrition?

In the veins: Total parenteral nutrition is provided in the veins as protein, sugar and fats to support life when the intestinal tract is not able to absorb its nutrition. ...Read more

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What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

What is total parenteral nutrition solution?

Everything: its is protein, carbohydrates and fat. It has electrolytes and trace minerals and vitamins. Everything you need to survive is in it. The protein is usually in the form of amino acids, the carbohydrates is a dextrose solution. People on TPN need to be monitored for their electrolytes. It provides the amount of calories a person needs for repair, growth, directlyinto the bloodstream ...Read more

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When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

When is total parenteral nutrition necessary?

Necessary...: Total parenteral nutrition, tpn, is needed when the gut is not functional for any reason. There are many scenarios when it becomes necessary including post-op from a surgery on the intestines, massive trauma, infections causing massive vommiting, hyperemesis of pregnancy, etc. ...Read more

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What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

What could affect total parenteral nutrition?

Lots of issues: What's your underlying disease state/condition that requires that you get your nutrition from alternate means. How many calories do you need? How much protein, fat, carbs, etc? Any other nutritional deficiencies? Do you need to lose, maintain or gain weight? Fluid status? Lots of issues to consider. Make sure a nutritionist is involved. ...Read more

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How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

How is total parenteral nutrition usually given?

Through a vein: Enteral typically means thru your gut or intestine whereas parenteral means any way besides your gut/intestine. Therefore, parenteral nutrition is food typically given through veins. Due to nature of this kind of food, you can't put it thru a small vein like on back of your hand. It has to go thru a major vein, say in your neck, under your collar bone, etc. But since it'll be a while, we use picc. ...Read more

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Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Is there alternative to total parenteral nutrition?

Yes: If your intestinal tract is working, you should try to use it. If there is a reason that your intestinal tract is not working then Total parenteral nutrition into the veins is necessary to provide, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals and carbohydrates in the form of dextrose. ...Read more

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What ingredients come in total parenteral nutrition?

What ingredients come in total parenteral nutrition?

All nutrition..: Total parenteral nutrition consists of all the nutritional requirements needed for bodily function. It includes carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamins, minerals, electrolytes, etc in the right proportions for the individual patient. ...Read more

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Who needs to have total parenteral nutrition (tpn)?

Who needs to have  total parenteral nutrition (tpn)?

Bowel rest: If swallowing is an issue, we can give food via peg tube thru skin directly into stomach. But some patients need bowel rest so we give total parenteral nutrition (TPN) through veins so nothing is in stomach/intestine. These are major veins, not tiny ones on back of hand, usually via picc (peripherally inserted central catheter) line since it's expected that you'll need TPN for a long time. ...Read more

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Why would any child need total parenteral nutrition?

Intestinal problem: Tpn is nutrition given via an iv. It is quite tricky, and only used in cases where the intestinal tract is very, very impaired. ...Read more

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Dr. Praveen Goday
283 doctors shared insights

Parenteral Nutrition (Definition)

Parenteral nutrition is liquid nutrition that is given through an intravenous route. Protein, sugar and fat may be given in that fashion. A person can receive their entire daily required calorie ...Read more


Parenteral (Definition)

This describes any way of delivering medication or nutrition bypassing the stomach / intestnie ("para" -- alongside; "enteral" -- gut). Most often this means giving it by vein; it can ...Read more