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Doctor insights on: Tnm Staging Cervical Cancer

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Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Tumor,Nodes,Mets: The t, n, m system classifies breast cancers based upon tumor size(t), lymph node status(n), and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body(m). Stage i is limited to small cancers +/- microscopic ln disease. Stage ii describes tumors 2-5cm +/- ln disease. Stage iii is for more advanced tumors (>5cm, skin/chest wall involvement) +/- multiple/distant ln. Stage IV describes metastatic disease. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,450 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
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Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
3 doctors agreed:
Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

TNM breast cancer: Tnm is one of the staging system commonly used for cancer. It stands for t-tumor ( the size of the tumor- the bigger is the tumor the higher is the stage) ; n- nodal status ( involvement to the lymph glands) - and m- presence of metastatic disease to the distant organ. See more here: http://cancer.Gov/cancertopics/wyntk/breast/page7. ...Read more

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Cervical cancer screening?

Cervical cancer screening?

Pap smear: Have your pap smear done starting at age 21 and is the best thing you can do to prevent it. ...Read more

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Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?

Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?

Prognosis fair: Stage IIb breast cancer is usually palpable at 2-5 cm. and at time of procedure to remove lesion, sentinel nodes are + suggesting axillary dissection and reason for neoadjuvant therapy. Lymphovascular invasion increases chance for recurrence. With Her2+ Herceptin (trastuzumab) with chemo should be used and PET/CAT needed to assure met foci not missed in distal organs. Carful follow up needed. ...Read more

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Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more

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Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Low but not zero: Stage ii colon cancer means no lymph node involvement by definition, but inadequate lymph node sampling (surgical resection) may "understage" the cancer, so make sure enough ln were taken -minimum of 12! even with appropriate surgery, mets may still occur, although very unusual, so discuss with your treating docs. A pet/ct may give some reassurance so ask if this can be done. ...Read more

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Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more

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How is staging of cervical cancer determined?

How is staging of cervical cancer determined?

See below: After a diagnosis of cervical cancer, a number of testing modalities are used to assess as to how far the cancer has spread. See this site for details. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/cervical/patient/page2. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

Location: In stage iii, the cancer still hasn't spread far beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes. However, in this stage there typically are many lymph nodes involved or the tumor is so large it extends to the chest wall or involves the skin of the breast. stage IV breast cancer has spread to distant sites of the body. ...Read more

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What are the survival statistics for breast cancer invasive ductal carcinoma?

What are the survival statistics for breast cancer invasive ductal carcinoma?

It depends on many f: Most women with localized breast cancer do very well and there is high cure rate. Overall 75%-80% of breast cancers are curable. But you need to know what stage of cancer it is? You should also know what subtype(there are 3 different types) of breast cancer it is. Further there is the matter of what type of adjuvant therapy(post surgery treatment) was used. I'am sure your oncologist can answeryr. ...Read more

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What is breast cancer sentinel node micro metastases?

What is breast cancer sentinel node micro metastases?

Spread of cells: Micrometastasis means that a few tumor cells have left the breast tumor and traveled to the lymph nodes under the arm. In most cases, this is treated as a negative lymph node. I encourage you to review your pathology report with your surgeon and oncologists (ideally they are communicating with each other through a meeting called a tumor board). ...Read more

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Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Curable!: Stage 3 means the tumor is large and/or the cancer has spread to many lymph nodes. It can still be cured with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The risk of cancer returning depends on many factors-- age, # of involved lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has hormone receptors or her2. About 50% of stage 3 breast cancer patients are cured. Have hope! ...Read more

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Is colon cancer stage 3b pt4a pn1c, no lymph nodes involvement curable?

Is colon cancer stage 3b pt4a pn1c, no lymph nodes involvement curable?

Yes: Stage 3b usually means lymph nodes are involved, so i think your information might not be entirely accurate. However, even stage 3b colon cancer can be treated with surgery and chemotherapy and the chances of cure are good. ...Read more

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What is metastatic prostate cancer?

What is metastatic prostate cancer?

Metastasis: in general, metastasis refers to a cancer that has gone from the organ of origin to other parts of the body ...Read more

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Colon cancer chemo necessary?

Colon cancer chemo necessary?

Depends on stage: Chemotherapy is never used for stage 1 cancers (early). It is sometimes used in stage 2 cancers (early but more advanced than stage 1). Chemotherapy is definitely beneficial in stage 3 cancers (locally advanced) and in stage 4 cancers (distant spread). ...Read more

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What's spinal metastatic cancer?

Ca not from bone: Cancer from another source that settles or is metastatic to the spine . Prostate cancer breast cancer and lung cancer are a few examples of cancers that can metastasize to the spine. Most metastatic disease to distant sites occurs via the blood stream. ...Read more

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What is metastatic rectal cancer?

What is metastatic rectal cancer?

Tumor has spread: 'Metastatic' refers to a cancer that has spread to another site away from where it started. This happens when cancer invades blood vessels and lymphatics, allowing the cancer cells to spread and deposit in other organs. So ' metastatic rectal cancer ' means a tumor that started in the rectum is now outside the rectum, in other organs (liver is most common). ...Read more

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Whats the classification of breast cancer metastasis?

Whats the classification of breast cancer metastasis?

Staging: Breast cancer staging is described as t (tumor size), n (lymph node metastases) and m (metastases to sites like bone, lung, etc). In a simplified short answer: stage 0 is non-invasive breast cancer, stage 1 is no spread to lymph nodes, stage 2 and stage 3 has lymph node spread and larger tumors, and stage 4 would have metastases to other organs. ...Read more

Staging (Definition)

Many diseases have specific treatments based on their severity. A disease can have certain criteria to determine their severity and applying this criteria to determine how advanced the disease state is called staging. Most commonly this is applied to cancer, and be determining how far the cancer has spread locally and/or to distant sites a stage of cancer can be ...Read more


Dr. Gurmukh Singh
589 doctors shared insights

Cervical Cancer (Definition)

An uncontrolled growth of cells in the cervix, the narrow neck-like passage forming the lower end of the uterus. Most cases of cervical cancer should be preventable by HPV vaccinations ...Read more