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Doctor insights on: Tnm Staging Breast Cancer

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Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Tumor,Nodes,Mets: The t, n, m system classifies breast cancers based upon tumor size(t), lymph node status(n), and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body(m). Stage i is limited to small cancers +/- microscopic ln disease. Stage ii describes tumors 2-5cm +/- ln disease. Stage iii is for more advanced tumors (>5cm, skin/chest wall involvement) +/- multiple/distant ln. Stage IV describes metastatic disease.

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,316 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

TNM breast cancer: Tnm is one of the staging system commonly used for cancer. It stands for t-tumor ( the size of the tumor- the bigger is the tumor the higher is the stage) ; n- nodal status ( involvement to the lymph glands) - and m- presence of metastatic disease to the distant organ. See more here: http://cancer.Gov/cancertopics/wyntk/breast/page7.

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What is the definition or description of: pet-ct breast cancer staging?

What is the definition or description of: pet-ct breast cancer staging?

PET - CT: Pet-ct scans are a means of combining the x-ray of a ct scan with the functional study of a pet scan. The pet scan can see over-active cells that are actively using glucose. The over-active cells may represent cancer cells and is a means of telling if cancer cells are spreading or growing somewhere in the body. The ct scan may see a growth & the pet scan can see if the growth has overactive cells.

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How common is breast cancer?

How common is breast cancer?

Pretty common : Estimated new cases and deaths from breast cancer in the United States in 2012: new cases: 226, 870 (female); 2, 190 (male) and 39, 510 (female); 410 (male) deaths. Lifetime risk is 1 to 8. Risk is higher with the increased of age.

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How can breast cancer spread?

How can breast cancer spread?

3 ways: It spread through lymphatic organ ( lymph glands) , through blood circulation and direct invasion to the adjacent organ such as skin, chest wall etc.

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How does breast cancer spread?

How does breast cancer spread?

3 Basic Ways: Breast cancer can spread in 3 basic ways - it can grow larger and larger, invading into the skin or muscle; it can invade into the blood vessels and then travel to other areas of the body (most commonly liver, lungs, bone and brain), and it can invade into the lymphatic vessels and travel to the lymph nodes under the arm and other areas of the body.

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How can breast cancer develop?

How can breast cancer develop?

One mutant cell: One normal cell inside your breast mutates (becomes abnormal), and begins to grow. The normal "stop" signal that tell a cell to stop dividing doesn't work, so the cells keep dividing. One cell becomes two, two become four, four become eight, etc. It takes millions of cancer cells to form a tumor you can feel.

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How does breast cancer develop?

How does breast cancer develop?

One mutant cell: One normal cell inside your breast mutates (becomes abnormal), and begins to grow. The normal "stop" signal that tell a cell to stop dividing doesn't work, so the cells keep dividing. One cell becomes two, two become four, four become eight, etc. It takes millions of cancer cells to form a tumor you can feel.

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Whom does breast cancer affect?

Whom does breast cancer affect?

One-In-Eight Women: A common misconception is that women without a family history need not worry about breast cancer. In truth, most breast cancers occur in women with no risk factors. Furthermore, the incidence increases with age. Every woman needs to have regular screening mammograms beginning at age 40.

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Why don't men get breast cancer?

Why don't men get breast cancer?

They do: Male breast cancer exists, but is only 1% of breast ca. Females develop breast tissue in response to hormones at levels that men don't achieve. If men take certain hormone medications, their breast tissue can grow. Breast cancer cells can be estrogen sensitive, so genetic males taking estrogen or with liver dz may be at increased risk. Brca gene can also increase risk, as in females.

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Does estradi case breast cancer?

Does estradi case breast cancer?

Possibly: Estrogen receptor type of cancer incidence fell after scientific studies linking estrogen use with increased risk of breast cancer caused many women to discontinue their use, but other studies gave less convincing conclusions.

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Can my friend have breast cancer?

Can my friend have breast cancer?

???: You need to give us more info but the answer would be: anybody can have cancer. Advise your friend to see a doctor if there is any concerning symptom but in the end is his/her choice.

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How do you diagnose breast cancer?

How do you diagnose breast cancer?

Biopsy: Diagnosis is made through a biopsy that is either performed through the skin with a needle or by a surgical procedure.

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Does mastis lead to breast cancer?

Does mastis lead to breast cancer?

No: Mastitis is describing inflammation. A swollen breast though may hide cancer and sometimes and underlying cancer can manifest swelling and redness in the breast.

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Is breast cancer typically painful?

Is breast cancer typically painful?

No: Almost never as a matter of fact. Painful breast lump is often from trauma or infection.

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Diagnosed w/breast cancer. What now?

Diagnosed w/breast cancer. What now?

See a surgeon: You will need referrals from your doctor to see a breast cancer surgeon who specializes in breast cancer treatment, and a medical oncology specialist. Most often lumpectomy surgery (or also called partial mastectomy) and post -operative hormone therapy or chemotherapy and possible radiation therapy is indicated. There is a very high success rate in treating breast cancer.

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Can you please explain breast cancer?

Can you please explain breast cancer?

Cancer of the breast: Cancer that forms in tissues of the breast, usually the ducts (tubes that carry milk to the nipple) and lobules (glands that make milk). It occurs in both men and women, although male breast cancer is rare. Read more here : http://cancer.Gov/cancertopics/wyntk/breast.

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What type of breast cancer do I have?

What type of breast cancer do I have?

Pathology: Although the two most common types of invasive breast cancer are "ductal" and "lobular", there are many less common varieties. However, the most important features are not necessarily the type of breast cancer, but the size, lymph node status, presence/absence of metastatic disease and hormonal/her-2 status of the tumor.

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Dr. Barry Rosen
1,365 doctors shared insights

Breast Cancer (Definition)

Occurs when glandular cells lining the milk ducts and lobules of the human breast begin to grow in an unregulated manner. Often curable if found early and treated effectively with surgery, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy, or a combination thereof. Early detection before the malignancy becomes large enough to be felt depends on mammography/sonography and MRI imaging of the breast ...Read more


Staging (Definition)

Many diseases have specific treatments based on their severity. A disease can have certain criteria to determine their severity and applying this criteria to determine how advanced the disease state is called staging. Most commonly this is applied to cancer, and be determining how far the cancer has spread locally and/or to distant sites a stage of cancer can be ...Read more