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Doctor insights on: Tnm

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Tnm (Overview)

Is cancer staging system ; t ............Tumor size. N............Lymph nodes involvement. M............Metastases (spread of tumor).


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Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Tumor,Nodes,Mets: The t, n, m system classifies breast cancers based upon tumor size(t), lymph node status(n), and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body(m). Stage i is limited to small cancers +/- microscopic ln disease. Stage ii describes tumors 2-5cm +/- ln disease. Stage iii is for more advanced tumors (>5cm, skin/chest wall involvement) +/- multiple/distant ln. Stage IV describes metastatic disease. ...Read more

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Tnm (Overview)

Is cancer staging system ; t ............Tumor size. N............Lymph nodes involvement. M............Metastases (spread of tumor).


Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
3 doctors agreed:
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Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
3 doctors agreed:
Breast cancer staging according TNM means what?

TNM breast cancer: Tnm is one of the staging system commonly used for cancer. It stands for t-tumor ( the size of the tumor- the bigger is the tumor the higher is the stage) ; n- nodal status ( involvement to the lymph glands) - and m- presence of metastatic disease to the distant organ. See more here: http://cancer.Gov/cancertopics/wyntk/breast/page7. ...Read more

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Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?

Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?

Prognosis fair: Stage IIb breast cancer is usually palpable at 2-5 cm. and at time of procedure to remove lesion, sentinel nodes are + suggesting axillary dissection and reason for neoadjuvant therapy. Lymphovascular invasion increases chance for recurrence. With Her2+ Herceptin (trastuzumab) with chemo should be used and PET/CAT needed to assure met foci not missed in distal organs. Carful follow up needed. ...Read more

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Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more

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Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Curable!: Stage 3 means the tumor is large and/or the cancer has spread to many lymph nodes. It can still be cured with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The risk of cancer returning depends on many factors-- age, # of involved lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has hormone receptors or her2. About 50% of stage 3 breast cancer patients are cured. Have hope! ...Read more

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Pancoast tumor metastisis survival rate?

Pancoast tumor metastisis survival rate?

Pancoast tumor: Occurs at the top of the lung and invades out and up to involve muscles, nerves, and thereby causing pain and horner's syndrome. Metastasis usually means going to another organ. If confined to chest and outward extension (?Metastasis), outlook is more optimistic. If it metastasized to brain, lung, liver or distant bones, the outlook is bleak, seek symptom management, there is no cure. ...Read more

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Whats the classification of breast cancer metastasis?

Whats the classification of breast cancer metastasis?

Staging: Breast cancer staging is described as t (tumor size), n (lymph node metastases) and m (metastases to sites like bone, lung, etc). In a simplified short answer: stage 0 is non-invasive breast cancer, stage 1 is no spread to lymph nodes, stage 2 and stage 3 has lymph node spread and larger tumors, and stage 4 would have metastases to other organs. ...Read more

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How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

Location: In stage iii, the cancer still hasn't spread far beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes. However, in this stage there typically are many lymph nodes involved or the tumor is so large it extends to the chest wall or involves the skin of the breast. stage IV breast cancer has spread to distant sites of the body. ...Read more

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What is stage ivb adenocarcinoma?

What is stage ivb adenocarcinoma?

Advanced cancer: Adenocarcinoma is a certain type of cancer. It can occur anywhere in the body, but the common ones are colon, lung, and breast cancer. Stage ivb is an advanced stage of cancer. ...Read more

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Pancriatic cancer survival rate?

Pancriatic cancer  survival rate?

Generally low.: Survival rates for this cancer type are generally low. In about 10% of cases, surgical resection is curative (usually a whipple procedure). However, after this tumor reaches a point where signs like jaundice occur, it is fatal in 100% cases because it has already spread. ...Read more

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Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
4 doctors agreed:
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Chemotherapy hormone receptor positive node breast cancer?

Dr. Liawaty Ho Dr. Ho
4 doctors agreed:
Chemotherapy hormone receptor positive node breast cancer?

D/W oncologist: Treatment will depend not only the stage but also the biology of the cancer- whether it is estrogen positive, her2neu positive, whether it is lymph node positive or not. Also depends on your preference and overall health condition. Different test like oncotype dx, mammaprint can give you more info-re- recurrence risk of cancer and will be helpful in choosing the right therapy for you.D/w your md. ...Read more

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What is breast cancer sentinel node micro metastases?

What is breast cancer sentinel node micro metastases?

Spread of cells: Micrometastasis means that a few tumor cells have left the breast tumor and traveled to the lymph nodes under the arm. In most cases, this is treated as a negative lymph node. I encourage you to review your pathology report with your surgeon and oncologists (ideally they are communicating with each other through a meeting called a tumor board). ...Read more

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Dr. Michael Yu Dr. Yu
5 doctors agreed:
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Gleason score eqivalent without biopsy?

Dr. Michael Yu Dr. Yu
5 doctors agreed:

Not possible: There is no way to get a gleason score without a biopsy. The grade is determined by the pathologist's interpretation of an actual tissue sample, and the two most commonly seen patterns are added together to get a gleason score. ...Read more

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Is stage IV pancreatic cancer terminal?

Is stage IV pancreatic cancer terminal?

Yes?: As a rule, stage 4 cancer of the pancreas is incurable. As to being terminal, it depends on the definition. If you mean it will kill the patient at some point, the vast majority of the times the answer is yes. If you mean it will kill the patient right away, it depends on the situation. Never say never, though, some patients have surprised me in the past. Sorry if it is about you or a loved one. ...Read more

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What is the post-surgery anaplastic astrocytoma survival rate?

What is the post-surgery anaplastic astrocytoma survival rate?

Anaplastic astrocyto: Anaplastic astrocytomas are a malignant brain tumor that typically required both chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Length of post op survival is based on the amount of tumor resected and the response to the various therapies. Long term survival, that is greater than 10 years, are not common. ...Read more

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Survival various types breast cancer?

Survival various types breast cancer?

Varies: Survival depends on many factors, such as overall health, age, stage of disease and response to treatment. Additional information may be found at www.Cancer.Org. ...Read more

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What is survival rate for Stage III Hodgkin's Lymphoma?if Chemo is not given?

What is survival rate for Stage III Hodgkin's Lymphoma?if Chemo is not given?

Very rare : It is very rare as the cancer cells might spread to another organs if not treated.you wont survive for more than 1 year ...Read more

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What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

Nothing: Even in the lung, squamous cell carcinomas are usually silent until they have become large enough to cause coughing up of blood -- one of the common ways in which it announces itself. On the skin, of course, a growing mass with a rough surface is (depending on how it looks) likely to be a squamous skin cancer; these are usually easy to cure. Good luck. ...Read more

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Wilms tumor cancer----what are the treatments?

Wilms tumor cancer----what are the treatments?

Depends.: The major factors that effect treatment of wilms include stage (how much has the tumor spread) and histology (pathology report of the appearance of the tumor). Treatments typically include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. ...Read more

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