Top
30
Doctor insights on: Thyroid T1 T2

Share
Dr. Gary Pess
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


3

3
Hiv exposure 8 mnths ago hiv t1 t2 and p24 test at 3,4,6 months negative but still having rashes and upper body and lymph nodes in neck area. Retest?

Hiv exposure 8 mnths ago hiv t1 t2 and p24 test at 3,4,6 months negative but still having rashes and upper body and lymph nodes in neck area. Retest?

See doctor: It is not feasible to provide a meaningful opinion without examining you and you should see a doctor. It would be prudent to get retested for HIV nucleic acid. If that test result is negative at 8 months after exposure, that would rule out HIV infection. ...Read more

4

4
Which is better to treat Radiculopathy T1-T2, nerve block or operation?

Which is better to treat Radiculopathy T1-T2, nerve block or operation?

Always: Start with the least invasive procedures. Surgery should be your last option. Try everything you can before going that route. ...Read more

5

5
What are symptoms of left foraminal narrowing and mild right foraminal stenosis at T1-T2 shown on MRI?

What are symptoms of left foraminal narrowing and mild right foraminal stenosis at T1-T2 shown on MRI?

Usually none: For most folks with these findings, they do not have any symptoms. Several studies of folks with no symptoms, underwent MRI, 45% had significant findings but no symptoms. Discuss finds with doctor that ordered MRI. Not all MRI findings have associated symptoms. Best of luck with this. Dr R ...Read more

8

8
Just found out I have ostephyte complex in c2-c4. Also, congenial stenosis at c2-c3, and t1-t2 disc bulge. What help is available.

Just found out I have ostephyte complex in c2-c4. Also, congenial stenosis at c2-c3, and t1-t2 disc bulge. What help is available.

Cervical spine issue: Without knowing the exact severity of the findings and the symptoms it's difficult to direct you. You are 29yrs so I would assume its not severe. So we usually start with PT, exercise program etc... ...Read more

10

10
1.2cm right ovarian cyst which showed T1 & T2 hyperintense signal which persisted bright in T2FS sequence on MRI!! What is it? Please explain

1.2cm right ovarian cyst which showed T1 & T2 hyperintense signal which persisted bright in T2FS sequence on MRI!! What is it? Please explain

The: Signal characteristics you describe suggest that the cyst is a hemorrhagic cyst, a cyst that has bled into itself. This is relatively common, and will generally resolve on its own. ...Read more

11

11
My scoliosis xrays show 3 neural foramen perineural nerve root sleeve cysts, 1 measuring 9mm l1-2, c7-t1, t1-t2, all are right sided. What are these?

My scoliosis xrays show 3 neural foramen perineural nerve root sleeve cysts, 1 measuring 9mm l1-2, c7-t1, t1-t2, all are right sided. What are these?

Neural cysts: In most instances, these are benign (not cancer) expansions of the nerves, and they are typically seen as 'incidental findings' and often do not need treatment. They are typically not associated with pain, but if the doctor treating you -who probably looked at the imaging studies- is concerned, further work up is indicated with a gadolinium enhanced scan. Good luck! ...Read more

12

12
I have a 9mm cyst inside neural foramina at t1-t2 and my ring and pinky fingers are going numb a lot. I have to see a neurosurgeon- how will they fix?

I have a 9mm cyst inside neural foramina at t1-t2 and my ring and pinky fingers are going numb a lot. I have to see a neurosurgeon- how will they fix?

How will they fix?: The first question is whether this "cyst" is actually causing your symptoms. What you describe could also be an ulnar neuropathy at the elbow. Has that been ruled out? The last thing you want is an unnecessary back operation that "fixes" nothing. A good surgeon is one who knows when NOT to operate. Stop trying to 2nd-guess the doctors & make sure your diagnosis is correct. That's key. ...Read more

13

13
1.2cm ovarian cyst with T1&T2 hyperintense signals which persisted bright in T2FS seq on MRI.can it be endmeriosis or anything besides hemorhegic cyst?

1.2cm ovarian cyst with T1&T2 hyperintense signals which persisted bright in T2FS seq on MRI.can it be endmeriosis or anything besides hemorhegic cyst?

Endometriosis: Could also manifest as cysts with hemorrhagic internal contents. However, usually there are other findings, not just a solitary cyst. Sometimes a cyst with internal proteinaceous content could cause the signal characteristics you describe. However, the vast majority of the time, the cyst you describe is simply a functional hemorrhagic cyst. ...Read more

14

14
I had facet block injections yesterday at T1-T2 (L) after I was initially told that the injections would be between t3-t4. My pain is stabbing me in the center of my back just below the scapula and above bra line. How long should I wait before complaining

I had facet block injections yesterday at T1-T2 (L) after I was initially told that the injections would be between t3-t4. My pain is stabbing me in the center of my back just below the scapula and above bra line. How long should I wait before complaining

Facet block T-spine: Schedule appointment now with doctor who did facet block. Seems to be misunderstanding about the location of the block you received, and this should be clarified. Also, if no relief or improvement after T1-T2 block, discuss this at same visit. Finally, ask for revised plan for managing this pain including clear follow-up. ...Read more

16

16
35 yo f w/rrms. Brain mris every 6 mo. Recent report: "t1&t2 hyperintensity, could be hemangioma in right frontal bone." do I need more testing?

35 yo f w/rrms. Brain mris every 6 mo. Recent report: "t1&t2 hyperintensity, could be hemangioma in right frontal bone." do I need more testing?

Further testing: If you have been having an MRI every 6 months, it's possible this hyperintensity showed up before, but was not reported. Sometimes small versions of this are missed during other tests.

Having another MRI in the future should be an adequate method to study this. If you have another MRI 6 months from now, that should be helpful enough. ...Read more

17

17
11/21/13 pain low l back runs down butt 2 leg. Mri last wk. Dr nxt wk 2 go over. Hard muscle or nerve where pain starts. T1/t2 hyperintense focus. Ms?

11/21/13 pain low l back runs down butt 2 leg. Mri last wk. Dr nxt wk 2 go over. Hard muscle or nerve where pain starts. T1/t2 hyperintense focus. Ms?

Doubt MS: You are describing sciatica, and may possess a discogenic problem in lumbar spine. None of what you describe is encountered in ms. Please get full explanation of your problem when you meet with your doctor. ...Read more

18

18
Wife's Mri of spine shows C2 C3 demonstrate T1 T2 bright signal along right lower aspect disc space. L3 small vertebral hemangimo. Minor facet hypertrophy at L4 L5 encroaching on the foramina. PLEASE explain these findings. Thank you Drs.

Wife's Mri of spine shows C2 C3 demonstrate T1 T2 bright signal along right lower aspect disc space. L3 small vertebral hemangimo. Minor facet hypertrophy at L4 L5 encroaching on the foramina. PLEASE explain these findings. Thank you Drs.

Some findings OK: In general, small hemangiomas in vertebral bodies are not clinically significant, sort of like fingerprints.
Narrowed foramina from arthritis in the facets can be symptomatic and treated conservatively with anti inflammatories, steroid injections or rarely (sometimes micro) surgery.
Disc lesions with T1 and T2 abnormalities need to be seen to opine on. ...Read more

20

20
IrregulaR outline cyst hypointensity on t1 and hyperintensity on t2 with peripheral enhancement with IV contrast with no central enhancement means?

IrregulaR outline cyst hypointensity on t1 and hyperintensity on t2 with peripheral enhancement with IV contrast with no central enhancement means?

Discuss with doctor: These are technical terms related to Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of what sounds like a simple cyst. Discuss the findings with the ordering physician to best understand the significance of the radiologist's comments, and the doctor's plan for follow up. ...Read more

21

21
Is it possible to diagnose MS disease when a series of four MRIs w/wo contrast have shown no enhancing lesions? There are dark T1 corr. To bright T2.

Is it possible to diagnose MS disease when a series of four MRIs w/wo contrast have shown no enhancing lesions? There are dark T1 corr. To bright T2.

Yes , it is: Possible. MS is also a clinical diagnosis based on non-MRI findings, sometimes the MRI is practically normal. MS lesions don't always enhance, in fact most don't. Early/active lesions may enhance. Do you have an established diagnosis of MS? There are a variety of causes of MRI white matter lesions, not just MS. The most common in your age group is chronic age-related microvascular changes. ...Read more

22

22
What could be a large ill-defined bone lesion with prominent hypointensity on T1-weighted images and predom hyperintensity on t2? Can it cause ab pain

What could be a large ill-defined bone lesion with prominent hypointensity on T1-weighted images and predom hyperintensity on t2? Can it cause ab pain

Radiologist: I would not expect a t2 lesion to cause abdominal distress. In these situations I feel your primary care physician should sit down and review the images with the radiologist who interpreted your study, ask the radiologist what possibilities could explain these findings and then ask him what further imaging studies, biopsy or referral to an appropriate specialist would be most helpful.Further, study ...Read more

23

23
If a lower eus says T1 possibly T2 rectal sigmoid 80mm mass likely cancer?

If a lower eus says T1 possibly T2 rectal sigmoid 80mm mass likely cancer?

Highly likely: Given the size and the result being reported in T format. It is highly likely to be cancer however, biopsy should have been taken and radiology correlation is needed. Follow up with a surgeon for further options/recommendations ASAP. ...Read more

24

24
Focus of hyperintense t2 and t1 signal with suppress on the stir sequence in t2 veterbral suggestive of island of fatty marrow? Same as myleomalacia?

Focus of hyperintense t2 and t1 signal with suppress on the stir sequence in t2 veterbral suggestive of island of fatty marrow? Same as myleomalacia?

No: Myelomalacia is a term that is used to refer to the spinal cord itself. It refers to some degeneration of the spinal cord. What you are describing is in the bone of the vertebral body. This is a different condition. It may represent fatty marrow-usually a benign variant. ...Read more

25

25
Tras un IMR en planos sagital y axial en t1 y t2 Obcerbando prominente hemagioma vertebral L3 con un patron de señal hiperintenso disminucion hidrica ?

Tras un IMR en planos sagital y axial en t1 y t2 Obcerbando prominente hemagioma vertebral L3 con un patron de señal hiperintenso disminucion hidrica ?

Considera que es: Para obtener más respuestas de más médicos, considere volver a enviar usando la función de traducción al inglés. **For more responses from more doctors, consider resubmitting using English translation feature. ...Read more

26

26
Bilateral hip MRI says prominently decreased t1 weighted signal with increased t2. What does that mean?

Bilateral hip MRI says prominently decreased t1 weighted signal with increased t2. What does that mean?

Possibly femoral: Head avascular necrosis with the scan showing marrow edema. The MRI should state the most likely cause of the finding. Trauma, joint infection, arthritis, and nonspecific synovitis are other possibilities. ...Read more

27

27
What % of type 2 diabetics need insulin shots? Brother and uncle adult-onset t1d, dad was t2 but needed insulin right away. Wonder if dad was t1.

What % of type 2 diabetics need insulin shots? Brother and uncle adult-onset t1d, dad was t2 but needed insulin right away. Wonder if dad was t1.

LargelyNone TxOption: Type 2, til decades down the road, typically make super-normal amts insulin, yet response blunted (called Insulin resistance), a protective response to excess carbs (sugar) constantly coming in due to food choices; "low-fat" diet. Insulin first hormone discovered 1928 thus longest promoted despite?bg,?es fat storage &?disease. Pancreas: insulin+amylin, fixed ratio when healthy seemyotheranswers. ...Read more

30

30
My MRI report says I have 2.2x2.3 CM t1 hyperintense, t2 hypointense cyst in right ovary, among other things, what does this mean?

My MRI report says I have 2.2x2.3 CM t1 hyperintense, t2 hypointense cyst in right ovary, among other things, what does this mean?

Hemorrhagic cyst: This sounds like a hemorrhagic cyst. It needs to be followed up in 2-3 months (usu. By pelvic ultrasound) to make sure it goes away. These cysts are nothing to worry about. They may cause pain on the side that they are on and should go away without any treatment. It is important however to make sure that's what it is and that a follow-up ultrasound is done to make sure it goes away. ...Read more