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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Gland Nodules

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Are all thyroid gland nodules harmless?

Are all thyroid gland nodules harmless?

Thyroid nodules: A very small percentage of thyroid nodules can be cancer. That is why your doctor will examine them with ultrasound and perform needle aspiration biopsy on them. If the nodule is suspicious appearing, it may need to be surgically removed. However, most are harmless. You may need to see an endocrinologist. ...Read more

Thyroid Gland (Definition)

It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more


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Should I consider surgery to removed Thyroid Gland with nodule(4.30cm×6.06cm×5.75cm)+ others not as big.w/several cystic areas?Non benign/cont.growth

Thyroid nodules: This is a large nodule. What is meant by "non benign"? Has it been biopsied? Presumably this is "cold" on RAI scan and you are not hyperthyroid. There are many factors; talk to your endocrinologist. The main reasons for surgery would be 1. suspicion of cancer, 2. large nodule causing trouble swallowing/breathing. Surgery should be by an experienced thyroid surgeon (not just anyone). ...Read more

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How can my thyroid gland have a nodule, but I can't feel it?

How can my thyroid gland have a nodule, but I can't feel it?

Size: If it's small and centrally located, you might not feel it. Ultrasound is the best way to "pick up" or detect these small nodules. ...Read more

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Thyroid gland hyper functioning nodule right lobe multi nodular goiter. What does this all mean?

Thyroid gland hyper functioning nodule right lobe multi nodular goiter. What does this all mean?

Multinodular goiter: Hi. Your hyper-functioning nodule is producing thyroid hormone without pituitary regulation. Since you have multiple nodules, chances are they're all overproducing thyroid hormone (aka "hot" nodules). Your radio-iodine scan will tell. Any "cold" nodule of certain size will need to be evaluated to make sure it's not cancer (you may not have any cold nodules). Treatment with 131-Iodine is easy. ...Read more

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Thyroid U/S showed L thyroid gland heterogeneous hypoechoic nodule w/ mind internal vascularity. what does all this mean? FNA recommended.

Thyroid U/S showed L thyroid gland heterogeneous hypoechoic nodule w/ mind internal vascularity. what does all this mean? FNA recommended.

Means abnormal test: Ultrasound is a commonly used test for detection of Throid nodules which are quite common. So when the ultrasound shows a Thyroid nodule, it needs to be monitored and often a Biopsy is required to find out if the nodule is benign or cancerous. FNA is one such technique for obtaining a biopsy for making a diagnosis. ...Read more

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I got thyroid results today and it was " Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland without discrete dominant nodules." what does that mean?

I got thyroid results today and it was "
Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland without discrete dominant nodules." what does that mean?

Heterogeneity: Heterogeneous means the size is irregular in terms of thickness throughout. Homogenous is the opposite and would mean the gland is uniform in size. Nodules are important to find because they can be functional or "hot" nodules that secrete too much thyroid hormone. May be thyroiditis. See endo for follow up. ...Read more

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My wife had a thyroid ultrasound and showed heterogenous echogenicity, hypervascular thyroid gland.No masses or nodules. Any thoughts on what this is?

My wife had a thyroid ultrasound and showed heterogenous echogenicity, hypervascular thyroid gland.No masses or nodules. Any thoughts on what this is?

Could be Hashimoto's: Is the gland normal is size or enlarged? If normal-sized, could be hashimoto's. If enlarged it could be grave's disease, both of which are autoimmune diseases. She should find out if she's hypo- or hyperthyroid and have additional testing to see if she has hashimoto's. ...Read more

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For thyroid gland is boarderline enlarged. Right has single nodule likely adenoma. What does this mean?

For thyroid gland is boarderline  enlarged. Right  has single nodule likely adenoma. What does this mean?

Probably benign : Many thyroid glands are enlarged, and borderline means just slightly above normal size. The only way to tell if a thyroid nodule is benign or cancerous is with a biopsy. While some other tests may suggest it is benign the biopsy is the best way to tell. ...Read more

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I'm on Euthyrox for life cz if i stop i get nodules in my thyroid gland.That's all i know.Would you please explain more about my condition? Thank you

Probably not related: If you require thyroid hormone for life, then stopping it may result in an increase in the overall size of your gland (a goiter) which should shrink when you restart the hormone, but nodules are generally not caused by stopping thyroid hormone. You should check with an endocrinologist about this. ...Read more

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Should i be concerned if the ER dr found a nodular on my thyroid gland?

Should i be concerned if the ER dr found a nodular on my thyroid gland?

Being human!: Opinions vary, but... Especially for women, thyroid nodules are very common. These are sometimes familial or inherited and are sometimes more common later in life. There is little to be worried about if you have one (or more), especially if they are small, but biopsy of nodules 8 or 10mm or larger is recommended. You should get thyroid blood work and a formal thyroid ultrasound for now. ...Read more

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Thyroid gland slightly enlarged but has homogeneous texture. right nodule noted 0.5 × 0.3 × 0.3. No hypervascular on doppler in both gland what isit?

Follow up nodule: thyroid nodules are very common especially in older patients. The vast majority are not cancer and just hyper plastic nodules (overgrowth of normal tissue). In young patients like yourself thyroid nodules should be watched more closely. A nodule less than 1 cm in size does not require biopsy unless there are suspicious features such as calcification or increased blood flow. Talk to your doctor. ...Read more

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Decrease in thyroid gland size and increase in thyroid nodule size?

Decrease in thyroid gland size and increase in thyroid nodule size?

Concern: Thyroid gland do not change in size that much. Majority of thyroid nodules are benign, increase in size is a concern , should have fna biopsy (cytology ) to make sure there is no malignancy in it. ...Read more

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Exophytic nodule posterior to rightllobeof thyroid gland increase in size from 2cm to 2.2cm how serious is this situation.?

Exophytic nodule posterior to rightllobeof thyroid gland  increase in size from 2cm to 2.2cm how serious is this situation.?

Get a biopsy: It is impossible to answer without actually seeing the imaging, the duration over which the nodule grew, or any other symptoms. Benign exophytic nodules are not uncommon, but a biopsy will help determine if there is something to be concerned about. ...Read more

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Mild enlargement of the right thyroid lobe without discrete nodules. There is a homogeneous appearance to the echotexture of the thyroid gland. ????

Mild enlargement of the right thyroid lobe without discrete nodules. There is a homogeneous appearance to the echotexture of the thyroid gland.  ????

Lobe enlarged: This should be of no significance if your thyroid hormone levels are all normal. There are no suspicious findings of benign or malignant growths. If you have further concerns a thyroidologist or endocrinologist would be best qualified to evaluate and advise you. ...Read more

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Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland with multiple bilateral hypo echoic micro nodules. Increased vascularity. What does this ultra sound result mea?

Thyroidologist: A thyroidologist or endocrinologist is best qualified to evaluate and advise you about your thyroid status and ultrasound findings and to determine whether a needle biopsy and/or referral to a thyroid surgeon is advisable. As a rule multiple nodules are more apt to be benign as opposed to a single cold nodule in males. Follow-up in these cases are also important even after the first consultation. ...Read more

Nodule (Definition)

Any growth or deposit in the body or on its surface may be casually termed a nodule until its character is determined by the familiarity of the physician with it or by the results of a biopsy if it is not so obvious. The term is casual ...Read more


Dr. Heidi Fowler
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more