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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Disorders Hyper Hypo Ovarian Cyst

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Cyst (Definition)

A cyst is a structure or mass that consists of a cellular lined sac. It is typically filled with fluid but may be filled with solid material. It can be congenital, traumatic, or acquired. They may develop nearly anywhere in the body and usually require complete excision for eradication or they are likely to recur. Fluid filled sacs that are not cellular lined ...Read more


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Thyroid Ultrasound heterogenous thyroid parynchema with hypervascularity. Blood test normal tsh t4 t3 (liothyronine) etc but >1300 TPo antibodies?have Hypo symptoms

Elevated: TPO levels are associated with autoimmune thryroid disease/thryoiditis, for example Hashimoto disease. The thyroid US findings are also consistent with thyroiditis. Talk to your doc about next steps. ...Read more

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Can follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Can  follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Yes.: A follicular adenoma may be a wolf in sheep's clothing, because cells from follicular adenomas and follicular carcinomas can look the same. Other follicular adenomas may have almost no chance of being cancers, but overproduce thyroid hormone, and need treatment to prevent harmful effects of hyperthyroidism on the bones, heart and other tissues. ...Read more

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Thyroid gland hyper functioning nodule right lobe multi nodular goiter. What does this all mean?

Thyroid gland hyper functioning nodule right lobe multi nodular goiter. What does this all mean?

Multinodular goiter: Hi. Your hyper-functioning nodule is producing thyroid hormone without pituitary regulation. Since you have multiple nodules, chances are they're all overproducing thyroid hormone (aka "hot" nodules). Your radio-iodine scan will tell. Any "cold" nodule of certain size will need to be evaluated to make sure it's not cancer (you may not have any cold nodules). Treatment with 131-Iodine is easy. ...Read more

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What medications treat follicular adenoma thyroid nodules?

What medications treat follicular adenoma thyroid nodules?

None: Medications are not used to treat follicular thyroid nodules. Usually they are observed only or removed surgically. ...Read more

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Can cystic thyroid nodule be cancerous?

Can cystic thyroid nodule be cancerous?

Unlikely but ask doc: Most of the the thyroid nodules are benign, cystic nodules are even more benign, but sometimes a small focus of cancer could be inside the cyst, to be sure most of the time after fine needle aspiration (fna) will be done by your doctor send for biopsy ( cytology ) to be sure it is benign.. ...Read more

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3cm hyperechoic thyroid nodule with increased vascularity, normal TSH fnac- follicular cell with hyperplastic area. What it indicates?

Uncertain: The fna can only help if it shows cancer. But in your case it is ambiguous, so your doctor should guide you what to do next?...What did he/she suggest as the next step? Most doctors would next recommend either surgical excision or monitor closely for some time and see if it is growing in size in which case it has to be taken out. ...Read more

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7mm hypoechoic thyroid nodule and pregnancy related hyperthyroidism. Nodule caused by this?

7mm hypoechoic thyroid nodule and pregnancy related hyperthyroidism. Nodule caused by this?

Thyroid nodule: The thyroid nodule is not likely to be caused by pregnancy. Transient mild hyperthyroidism can sometimes be seen in the first trimester but should resolve as long as it is not an underlying problem that has not been diagnosed. Would suggest repeating labs for thyroid function at 16-18 weeks. Should talk to your doctor. ...Read more

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Thyroid sono results:"heterogeneous gland suggesting multinodular goiter -no discrete dominant masses observed"-what does this mean?

Thyroid sono results:"heterogeneous gland suggesting multinodular goiter -no discrete dominant masses observed"-what does this mean?

Lumpy!: Opinions vary, but... Especially for women, thyroid nodules are very common. These are sometimes familial or inherited and are sometimes more common later in life. There is little to worry about, especially without a specific "dominant" nodule over ~1cm. You should get thyroid blood work and a followup ultrasound within a few months. If the gland is huge, you may need treatment. ...Read more

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Can huge hypervascular thyroid nodule be goiter?

Yes: By definition, any enlargement of the thyroid gland is a goiter. So if the nodule is causing the thyroid to be enlarged, there is a goiter. The question is, what is the cause of the nodule? Sounds like a biopsy is in your future. ...Read more

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Thyroid swelling. Ultrasound heterogenous thyroid parynchema with hypervascularity. Blood test-normal tsh t4 t3 (liothyronine) etc but >1300 TPo antibodies?

Thyroid swelling. Ultrasound heterogenous thyroid parynchema with hypervascularity. Blood test-normal tsh t4 t3 (liothyronine) etc but >1300 TPo antibodies?

Hard to say: Ive yet to have anyone NOT have elevated TPo but I havent sent many. The standard answer would be that it likley is GRAVES disease starting but if there arent a lot of symptoms and the labs are normal you wouldnt give treatment. Retesting if symptoms and at about every 3 months. ...Read more

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Does multinodular goiter with slightly elevated thyroid antibodies possibly mean an autoimmune thyroid disease?

Does multinodular goiter with slightly elevated thyroid antibodies possibly mean an autoimmune thyroid disease?

Possibly: Thyroiditis (which can be immune based) is the most common cause of a multinodular goiter. Have you doctor test for tpo antibodies if you're concerned. ...Read more

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Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland with multiple bilateral hypo echoic micro nodules. Increased vascularity. What does this ultra sound result mea?

Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland with multiple bilateral hypo echoic micro nodules.  Increased vascularity.
What does this ultra sound result mea?

Thyroidologist: A thyroidologist or endocrinologist is best qualified to evaluate and advise you about your thyroid status and ultrasound findings and to determine whether a needle biopsy and/or referral to a thyroid surgeon is advisable. As a rule multiple nodules are more apt to be benign as opposed to a single cold nodule in males. Follow-up in these cases are also important even after the first consultation. ...Read more

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Thyroid sono showed heterogeneous gland with multinodular goiter(positive hashimoto's diagnosis;on synthroid)-follow up sono when?

Thyroid sono showed heterogeneous gland with multinodular goiter(positive hashimoto's diagnosis;on synthroid)-follow up sono when?

10---15 days: You have autoimmune hypothyroidism and need to to be seen by an endocrinologist , who want to be sure cold or hot nodules and act accordingly and adjust synthroid (thyroxine). ...Read more

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Difference bw thyroglossal cyst and ectopic thyroid ?

Thyroid: The thyroid develops near the base of the tongue and descends to its normal position at the bottom of the neck through the thyroglossal duct. The duct usually disappears, but if a portion stays open, a cyst (fluid-filled) can develop. There is no actual thyroid tissue in these cysts. Ectopic thyroid means that actual thyroid tissue is left behind somewhere along the path of migration. ...Read more

Dr. Adam Lewis
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


Dr. Michael Gabor
2 doctors shared insights

Ovarian Cyst (Definition)

A growth (often balloon like) on an ovary. It is often thin walled ...Read more