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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancers Nodules

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Are cold thyroid nodules cancerous?

Are cold thyroid nodules cancerous?

Only occassionally: While almost all thyroid cancers are cold, so are most benign nodules. If the nodule is hot, it is extremely rare for it to be cancer. If it is cold and looks suspicious on an ultrasound performed or at least interpreted by a very experienced clinician, it should be biopsied to see if surgery is necessary. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,357 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Are thyroid nodules with microcalcifications always cancerous?

Are thyroid nodules with microcalcifications always cancerous?

No: Thyroid nodules with calcifications need to be fully evaluated, but just because they have calcifications, doesn't mean that they are cancerous. Don't delay, get evaluated. ...Read more

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Are thyroid nodules moveable?

Part of the gland: They will move upward with the rest of the gland when you swallow, and you can move them just as you can move your larynx and trachea once you know your way around your neck. Your physician can help you make the distinction from a lymph node or other mass. ...Read more

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Do thyroid nodules grow into cancer?

Do thyroid nodules grow into cancer?

Sometimes: The diagnosis of thyroid cancer is generally made by biopsying a thyroid nodule, but most nodules are not cancerous and many do not need to be biopsied. The best thing to do is to be examined by somebody who is very experienced in this area. ...Read more

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Do papillary and follicular thyroid cancers secrete thyroglobulin?

Yes: All cells of thyroid origin secrete thyroglobulin. Measuring it to follow a cancer ONLY makes since if the whole thyroid has been removed. If you have anti thyroglobulin antibodies, that makes thyroglobulin measurements unreliable. However, rising or decreasing anti thyroglobulin antibodies can be a proxy for thyroglobulin measurements. ...Read more

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Thyroid cancer treatments?

Thyroid cancer treatments?

Surgery: Surgery is needed, followed by thyroid hormone replacement. Depending on how big, what type and whether or not it had spread (lymph nodes involvement), you might also need 1 dose of radioactive iodine. Good luck. Make sure you have a good surgeon and an endocrinologist on your team. ...Read more

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Can benign thyroid nodule turn cancerous?

Can benign thyroid nodule turn cancerous?

No: Thyroid nodules need to be fully evaluated, with ultrasound and bloodwork. Usually an endocrinologist is involved. A biopsy or fine needle aspiration is sometimes done. It is unlikely that a proven benign thyroid nodule will become cancerous. ...Read more

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Can thyroid nodules shrink?

Yes.: Most thyroid nodules remain stable over many years. Some can increase in size and some can decrease. It depends on the composition of the nodule. ...Read more

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Can benign thyroid nodule become malignant?

Can benign thyroid nodule become malignant?

Well...: A thyroid nodule is technically not "benign" unless it's surgically removed and the pathologist found no cancer in the specimen. A nodule that is still in your neck could still be cancerous despite a "benign" biopsy because not all of the nodule is cancerous. Sometime it's just a speck that is cancerous and was missed during the biopsy. That's why it's important to continue to follow the nodule. ...Read more

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Thyroid nodules and cancer. What % of nodules are cancer?

Thyroid nodules and cancer. What % of nodules are cancer?

Varies: The likelihood of a thyroid nodule being cancer is about 10-20%. The incidence is higher with prior history of radiation (20-40%) and in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia. ...Read more

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Can cystic thyroid nodule be cancerous?

Can cystic thyroid nodule be cancerous?

Unlikely but ask doc: Most of the the thyroid nodules are benign, cystic nodules are even more benign, but sometimes a small focus of cancer could be inside the cyst, to be sure most of the time after fine needle aspiration (fna) will be done by your doctor send for biopsy ( cytology ) to be sure it is benign.. ...Read more

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Why do thyroid cancers form nodules?

Cell growth: Nodules are another word for a mass. Cancers generally form masses. About 20% of the population have thyroid nodules at some point during their lives. About 70% are benign; of the remaining 30%, 80% are papillary thyroid carcinoma, which is a very low aggressive form of cancer to have. Follicular, medullary and undifferentiated carcinoma make up the rest, with some rare types. ...Read more

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Can huge hypervascular thyroid nodule be goiter?

Can huge hypervascular thyroid nodule be goiter?

Yes: By definition, any enlargement of the thyroid gland is a goiter. So if the nodule is causing the thyroid to be enlarged, there is a goiter. The question is, what is the cause of the nodule? Sounds like a biopsy is in your future. ...Read more

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Thyroid nodule of the right lobe. Fna indicated follicular lesion-also hypothyroid, family history of malignant thyroid nodules. Options?

Thyroid nodule of the right lobe. Fna indicated follicular lesion-also hypothyroid, family history of malignant thyroid nodules. Options?

Surgery or...: A repeat biopsy combined with an afirma assay test may give you somewhat better guidance, but with your history and risk factors, surgery may be the best option. By the way, why are you taking generic T4 an Armour Thyroid together? There is no way to monitor the dosage properly as the lab tests will be unreliable. Brand name T4 is better, safer and more reliable. ...Read more

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Are small lung nodules cancer?

Are small lung nodules cancer?

Needs biospy: Small nodules can be cancer, but they would need to be biopsied. Many times, the nodules are just scars and not cancer. If you find nodules on a cat scan of your chest, depending on the size, they need to be followed to make sure they don't grow or look ominous enough to warrant a biopsy. What to do about nodules also depends on your risk for lung cancer, i.e., were/are you a smoker, etc. ...Read more

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Can follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Can  follicular adenoma thyroid nodules be serious?

Yes.: A follicular adenoma may be a wolf in sheep's clothing, because cells from follicular adenomas and follicular carcinomas can look the same. Other follicular adenomas may have almost no chance of being cancers, but overproduce thyroid hormone, and need treatment to prevent harmful effects of hyperthyroidism on the bones, heart and other tissues. ...Read more

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Are thyroid nodules common?

Yes: Thyroid nodules occur in up to 50% of the worlds population. Modern ultrasound equipment can detect very small nodules that were not detectable with older machines. Only about 5% of nodules are cancerous. Nodules tend to increase in frequency as one matures. ...Read more

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Nodule (Definition)

Any growth or deposit in the body or on its surface may be casually termed a nodule until its character is determined by the familiarity of the physician with it or by the results of a biopsy if it is not so obvious. The term is casual ...Read more


Dr. Al Hegab
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more