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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancer

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
280 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


Dr. Ritesh Rathore
Board Certified, Hematology and Oncology
24 years in practice
1M people helped
1

1
What is thyroid cancer?

What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer: The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good. ...Read more

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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified
44 years in practice
16M people helped
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Dr. Quang Nguyen
280 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


Dr. Richard Orr
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
38 years in practice
1M people helped
2

2
What is the definition or description of: thyroid cancer?

Cancer in thyroid: Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine. ...Read more

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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified
44 years in practice
16M people helped
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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified,
44 years in practice
16M people helped
3

3
Living with Skin Cancer (Checklist)

Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm
daily
Apply sunscreen
2x day
Wear a hat outdoors on sunny days
daily
See dermatologist for check ups
2x year
Dr. John Yim
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
23 years in practice
67K people helped
4

4
How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Usually Slow.: It depends on the type of thyroid cancer but the most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, usually grows and spreads slowly. There is another very rare type, anaplastic thyroid cancer that grows very fast and is usually lethal. ...Read more

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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified
44 years in practice
16M people helped
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Dr. Jason Cohen
Board Certified, Nuclear Medicine
16 years in practice
11K people helped
5

5
What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified,
44 years in practice
16M people helped
6

6
Managing Pain from Cancer (Checklist)

Ask oncologist to refer you to cancer pain specialist
Once
Ask pain specialist about both interventional and medication options
Once
If pancreatic cancer, ask about a celiac plexus block
Once
If neuropathy, request trial of ketamine-based topical creams
Once
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
43 years in practice
95M people helped
7

7
Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Lump in the neck: Thyroid cancers may produce a lump in neck over the thyroid; if functional, the tumor may express as hyperthyroidism and cause rapid heart rate, palpitations, weight loss, intolerance to heat etc. Many cancers may be asymptomatic and may only be picked up during a physical examination. Some may not become apparent till metastases develop in the local lymph nodes. ...Read more

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
Board Certified, Endocrinology
26M people helped
8

8
How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
43 years in practice
95M people helped
9

9
What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Variable: Early cancer may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include, mass in the neck over the trachea, lateral mass due to metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck. Metastases to other organs, e.g., lung and bone may be the first symptoms. If the cancer produces hormone, anxiety, nervousness, high pulse rate, heat intolerance, weight loss etc due to hyperthyroid state may be the presenting feature. ...Read more

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Dr. David Sneid
Board Certified, Endocrinology
35 years in practice
38M people helped
10

10
Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Yes: An ultrasound can reveal certain features that are worrisome for possible cancer, but ultrasound cannot diagnose cancer with certainty. That requires a biopsy or surgical excision and pathological examination. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
3,998 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

An uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion and metastases is what cancer is defined as. It produced abnormal growth of cells which acquire destructive properties causing serious threat to host's life, unless it can be removed or destroyed by ...Read more


Dr. Brad Goldenberg
12 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more


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Dr. Peter Kurzweil
Board Certified,
44 years in practice
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