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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancer

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
272 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


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What is thyroid cancer?

What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer: The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good. ...Read more

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Dr. Vicken Poochikian
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36 years in practice
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Dr. Quang Nguyen
272 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


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What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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Dr. Vicken Poochikian
Board Certified
36 years in practice
2M people helped
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Living with Skin Cancer (Checklist)

Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm
daily
Apply sunscreen
2x day
Wear a hat outdoors on sunny days
daily
See dermatologist for check ups
2x year
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How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Vicken Poochikian
Board Certified
36 years in practice
2M people helped
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What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Variable: Early cancer may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include, mass in the neck over the trachea, lateral mass due to metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck. Metastases to other organs, e.g., lung and bone may be the first symptoms. If the cancer produces hormone, anxiety, nervousness, high pulse rate, heat intolerance, weight loss etc due to hyperthyroid state may be the presenting feature. ...Read more

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Managing Pain from Cancer (Checklist)

Ask oncologist to refer you to cancer pain specialist
Once
Ask pain specialist about both interventional and medication options
Once
If pancreatic cancer, ask about a celiac plexus block
Once
If neuropathy, request trial of ketamine-based topical creams
Once
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What is the treatment of thyroid cancer? 

Surgery: Thyroid cancer is treated surgically by removal of all the thyroid or a portion of the thyroid. After surgery, patients at higher risk of recurrence or with more aggressive cancers may be treated with radioactive iodine. Rarely, external radiation or chemotherapy is added in very severe cases. ...Read more

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How will treatment for thyroid cancer affect my normal activities?

How will treatment for thyroid cancer affect my normal activities?

Depends on treatment: Thyroidectomy is the first treatment. There can be low calcium levels and thyroid level that have symptoms but can be replaced by pills. If the cancer is small then no other therapy. Others may need radioactive iodine and there will be radiation rules to follow and avoid exposure to others. ...Read more

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Can I have a baby after treatment for thyroid cancer?

Can I have a baby after treatment for thyroid cancer?

Likely: It depends on the type, stage of cancer, treatment given, your age and general health. In general there is no medical reason that you could not get pregnant because you had thyroid cancer. ...Read more

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What are the types of thyroid cancer?

What are the types of thyroid cancer?

Generally 4 types: There are 4 types of thyroid cancer. 1)papillary (most common), 2)follicular and hurthle cells, 3)medullary and 4)anaplastic (least common and most aggressive). Lymphoma and metastatic disease from other cancer (renal cell, melanoma) can also go to the thyroid. ...Read more

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Thyroid Gland (Definition)

Thyroid gland is also known as Thyroid. It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body.It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more


Dr. Barry Rosen
3,904 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

An uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion and metastases is what cancer is defined as. It produced abnormal growth of cells which acquire destructive properties causing serious threat to host's life, unless it can be removed or destroyed by ...Read more


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Dr. Vicken Poochikian
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