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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancer

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
310 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


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What is thyroid cancer?

What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer: The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good. ...Read more

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
310 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Cancer (Overview)

Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.


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How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Usually Slow.: It depends on the type of thyroid cancer but the most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, usually grows and spreads slowly. There is another very rare type, anaplastic thyroid cancer that grows very fast and is usually lethal. ...Read more

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Living with Skin Cancer (Checklist)

Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm
daily
Apply sunscreen
2x day
Wear a hat outdoors on sunny days
daily
See dermatologist for check ups
2x year
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What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read more

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Managing Pain from Cancer (Checklist)

Ask oncologist to refer you to cancer pain specialist
Once
Ask pain specialist about both interventional and medication options
Once
If pancreatic cancer, ask about a celiac plexus block
Once
If neuropathy, request trial of ketamine-based topical creams
Once
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Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Lump in the neck: Thyroid cancers may produce a lump in neck over the thyroid; if functional, the tumor may express as hyperthyroidism and cause rapid heart rate, palpitations, weight loss, intolerance to heat etc. Many cancers may be asymptomatic and may only be picked up during a physical examination. Some may not become apparent till metastases develop in the local lymph nodes. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Variable: Early cancer may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include, mass in the neck over the trachea, lateral mass due to metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck. Metastases to other organs, e.g., lung and bone may be the first symptoms. If the cancer produces hormone, anxiety, nervousness, high pulse rate, heat intolerance, weight loss etc due to hyperthyroid state may be the presenting feature. ...Read more

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Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Yes: Microcalcifications, unusual shape, increased blood flow, associated abnormal lymph nodes, and growth beyond the thyroid capsule are all signs of a thyroid malignancy. ...Read more

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What is the treatment of thyroid cancer? 

What is the treatment of thyroid cancer? 

Surgery: Thyroid cancer is treated surgically by removal of all the thyroid or a portion of the thyroid. After surgery, patients at higher risk of recurrence or with more aggressive cancers may be treated with radioactive iodine. Rarely, external radiation or chemotherapy is added in very severe cases. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,214 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


Dr. Neigatha Graney
13 doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more