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Doctor insights on: Thyroid Cancer

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Dr. Ritesh Rathore
Board Certified, Hematology and Oncology
25 years in practice
1M people helped
1

1
What is thyroid cancer?

Dr. Ritesh Rathore
Board Certified, Hematology and Oncology
25 years in practice
1M people helped
What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer: The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good. ...Read more

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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,071 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that occur in almost any organ or tissue in the body. Symptoms depend on the location of the cancer, and cancer often has the potential to grow and spread to other ...Read more


Dr. Richard Orr
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
39 years in practice
1M people helped
2

2
What is the definition or description of: thyroid cancer?

Dr. Richard Orr
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
39 years in practice
1M people helped

Cancer in thyroid: Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine. ...Read more

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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified,
22 years in practice
170K people helped
3

3
Living with Skin Cancer (Checklist)

Avoid sun exposure between 10 am and 2 pm
daily
Apply sunscreen
2x day
Wear a hat outdoors on sunny days
daily
See dermatologist for check ups
2x year
Dr. John Yim
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
24 years in practice
66K people helped
4

4
How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Dr. John Yim
Board Certified, Surgical Oncology
24 years in practice
66K people helped
How fast does thyroid cancer grow?

Usually Slow.: It depends on the type of thyroid cancer but the most common type, papillary thyroid cancer, usually grows and spreads slowly. There is another very rare type, anaplastic thyroid cancer that grows very fast and is usually lethal. ...Read more

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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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Dr. Jason Cohen
Board Certified, Nuclear Medicine
17 years in practice
11K people helped
5

5
What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

Dr. Jason Cohen
Board Certified, Nuclear Medicine
17 years in practice
11K people helped
What are the causes of thyroid cancer?

No Simple Answer: It is likely due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors, both of which are not well understood at this time. In most patients, we do not know why they developed thyroid cancer. In occasional cases, the cause can be traced back to something specific (i.e. Prior exposure to radiation therapy to the neck or to other sources of radiation). ...Read more

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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified,
22 years in practice
170K people helped
6

6
Managing Pain from Cancer (Checklist)

Ask oncologist to refer you to cancer pain specialist
Once
Ask pain specialist about both interventional and medication options
Once
If pancreatic cancer, ask about a celiac plexus block
Once
If neuropathy, request trial of ketamine-based topical creams
Once
Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
44 years in practice
96M people helped
7

7
Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
44 years in practice
96M people helped
Thyroid cancer symptoms start out as how?

Lump in the neck: Thyroid cancers may produce a lump in neck over the thyroid; if functional, the tumor may express as hyperthyroidism and cause rapid heart rate, palpitations, weight loss, intolerance to heat etc. Many cancers may be asymptomatic and may only be picked up during a physical examination. Some may not become apparent till metastases develop in the local lymph nodes. ...Read more

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Dr. Quang Nguyen
Board Certified, Endocrinology
27M people helped
8

8
How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

Dr. Quang Nguyen
Board Certified, Endocrinology
27M people helped

FNA or surgery: The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer. ...Read more

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Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
44 years in practice
96M people helped
9

9
What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Dr. Gurmukh Singh
Board Certified, Pathology
44 years in practice
96M people helped
What are symptoms of thyroid cancer?

Variable: Early cancer may be asymptomatic. Common symptoms include, mass in the neck over the trachea, lateral mass due to metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck. Metastases to other organs, e.g., lung and bone may be the first symptoms. If the cancer produces hormone, anxiety, nervousness, high pulse rate, heat intolerance, weight loss etc due to hyperthyroid state may be the presenting feature. ...Read more

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Dr. Steve Martinez
Board Certified, Breast Surgery
23 years in practice
1M people helped
10

10
Can you have signs of thyroid cancer on ultrasound?

Dr. Steve Martinez
Board Certified, Breast Surgery
23 years in practice
1M people helped

Yes: Microcalcifications, unusual shape, increased blood flow, associated abnormal lymph nodes, and growth beyond the thyroid capsule are all signs of a thyroid malignancy. ...Read more

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Dr. William Forsythe
Board Certified,
22 years in practice
170K people helped
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