thyroid cancer

Condition Uncommon
Description
Conditions (2)
Symptoms (5)
Treatments (4)
Tests (12)
Risk Factors (2)
Thyroid cancer arises in the thyroid gland. It usually presents as a painless thyroid nodule. Most are papillary-follicular type and have a very good prognosis. Less common are medullary cancers, with an intermediate prognosis. Anaplastic cancers of the thyroid have a poor prognosis and are uncommon. Treatment of thyroid cancers involves removal (thyroidectomy) and possibly radioiodine.
Authored by Dr. Richard K. Orr

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Dr. Ritesh Rathore answered:

What is thyroid cancer?

Often curable cancer

Cancer
The thyroid gland is in the lower neck and makes essential hormones. Cancers of the thyroid gland are of multiple types; the most common is of the pappliary subtype. Often surgery is the first step of treatment followed by treatment with trace amounts of radioactive iodine which destroys any remaining cancer. In most cases survival and cure rates are very good.
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Thyroid cancer treatments?

Surgery

Thyroid
Surgery is needed, followed by thyroid hormone replacement. Depending on how big, what type and whether or not it had spread (lymph nodes involvement), you might also need 1 dose of radioactive iodine. Good luck. Make sure you have a good surgeon and an endocrinologist on your team.
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Is thyroid cancer genetic?

Perhaps

Cancer
Known genetic mutations are seen in thyroid cancers: BRAF in papillary; KRAS in follicular; RET gene (usually point mutation) involving 10q11.2 in Medullary carcinoma; p53 in undifferentiated carcinoma. However, "inherited" types of thyroid carcinoma are much less common - although medullary carcinoma is the most common type.
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Dr. Mark Deutsch answered:

Does thyroid cancer kill you?

Thyroid cancer

Cancer
Thyroid cancer typically has the best prognosis of any cancer. Well differentiated thyroid malignancies treated with thyroidectomy and radioactive iodine are readily treatable and rarely fatal.
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How is thyroid cancer treated?

Surgery

Cancer
Surgery is the best way to treat thyroid cancer. Radioactive iodine and some drugs also treat thyroid cancer but these are typically done after surgery.
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Dr. Richard K. Orr answered:

Can thyroid cancer be treated?

Absolutely

Cancer
Typical thyroid cancer in women less than 50 has about a 98% survival rate. Although there are occasional very aggressive thyroid cancers (mostly in older men), most thyroid cancer is easily treated. Make sure you find an experienced thyroid surgeon. Try the American association of Endoctine Surgeons website.
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How is thyroid cancer diagnosed?

FNA or surgery

Cancer
The best way to diagnose thyroid cancer is in surgery. The surgical specimen give you the most tissue to look at. It can also give you a "gross" view of whether the nodule had spread through the thyroid capsule (an indication of cancer). That being said, most patients don't jump to surgery right away. In that case, an ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration is often perform to eval cancer.
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Dr. Farhad Sigari answered:

can you die from thyroid cancer?

Yes, but

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Yes but the overwhelming majority of thyroid cancers (are papillary thyroid cancer) which has very good 20 year survival rate and are not really life threatening if they are treated appropriately (even if they spread to the lymh nodes). These patients often die from other causes. There are4 types of thyroid cancer fortunately the most aggressive and life threatening type is also the least common.
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Who usually gets thyroid cancer?

Anyone

Cancer
Anyone can get thyroid cancer. Your risk is higher if you have a family history of thyroid cancer or if you were exposed to excess radiation to the neck when you were younger.
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Dr. Alen N. Cohen answered:

What are thyroid cancer symptoms?

Often none

Thyroid_cancer
Thyroid cancer rarely has symptoms, it is usually identified incidentally as a lump in the center of your neck, either discovered by the patient or physician.
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