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Doctor insights on: Thinning Of The Bones Osteoporosis

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What causes osteoporosis (thinning of bone)?

What causes osteoporosis (thinning of bone)?

Many things: Osteoporosis can be the result of low calcium, low Vitamin D, decreased bone production, increased bone turnover, disuse of a limb due to injury or pain, or other medical conditions such as hypothyroidism or kidney disease. Therefore, it is important to have osteoporosis evaluated with a physical and blood work so that the correct treatment can occur and prevent fractures. ...Read more

Bone (Definition)

Bone is a living growing tissue made mostly of collagen (protein that provides soft framework) & the mineral calcium phosphate that adds strength & hardens the framework. Two types of bone are found in the body; cortical (dense compact outer layer) & trabecular (makes up inner layer, ...Read more


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Fractures of both bones of the forearm?

Fractures of both bones of the forearm?

Ouch: Unfortunately it is not an uncommon fracture. In adults, non displaced fractures treated in cast. Displaced fractures require either plate and screws or I'm rods to hold in good position as they heal. ...Read more

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Is regeneration of bones and cartilage of knees possible?

Is regeneration of bones and cartilage of knees possible?

No and Yes: Bones density can be improved by load bearing activity. However, cartilage cannot be restored except through advanced surgical techniques. ...Read more

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Which factors affect the risk of bone fracture in older women?

Many factors: The important factors are osteoporosis, lack of activity and other health problems she may have. ...Read more

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What is the main function of the epiphyseal plates in bones?

What is the main function of the epiphyseal plates in bones?

Multiple: There are multiple functions of the epiphysis, which is basically the end of the bone. The ends of the bone have the articulate cartilage that forms the joints on the body, they contain the growth plates that allow for growth in a skeletally immature patient. They are the sites of attachment for many ligaments and tendons as well. Good question. ...Read more

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What are the causes of brittle bones?

Low Collagen: Low levels of collagen characterize type i brittle bone disease. This type is the most frequently occurring and the least severe. Bones are likely to break easily before the onset of puberty. As well, those with type i are prone to scoliosis, extreme curvature of the spine, and may need to wear a brace as teenagers to correct the curve. ...Read more

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Osteoarthritis of the knee. Can it cause fractures or make bones brittle?

Osteoarthritis of the knee. Can it cause fractures or make bones brittle?

Not usually...: Usually it is the other way around. Fractures involving a joint often lead to post traumatic osteoarthritis in that joint ...Read more

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What are the risks of Fosamax (alendronate) to osteonecrosis of the jaw?

What are the risks of Fosamax (alendronate) to osteonecrosis of the jaw?

Biphosphonates: From: http://www.merck.com ONJ, which can occur spontaneously, is generally associated with tooth extraction and/or local infection with delayed healing, and has been reported in patients taking bisphosphonates, including FOSAMAX (alendronate). Clinical judgment of the treating physician and/or oral surgeon should guide the management plan of each patient based on individual benefit/risk assessment. ...Read more

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Does osteoporosis effect the healing of a fracture?

Does osteoporosis effect the healing of a fracture?

Potentially: People with osteoporosis will usually heal there fractures at nearly the sane rate as those without; but because the bone quality is poor, they need to be followed closely for signs of fracture displacement. ...Read more

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What's the difference between osteopenia, osteoporosis, and osteomalasia?

What's the difference between osteopenia, osteoporosis, and osteomalasia?

Degree of bone loss: Osteopenia is a mild to moderate degree of bone loss. Osteoporosis is a severe degree of bone loss. Osteomalacia results from poorly mineralized bone and would show a low density on testing even if there was a normal amount of bone. Diagnosis of osteomalacia is made by blood tests and, if necessary, by evaluating a small amount of bone taken from the pelvis. ...Read more

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Is the spine deformation from osteoporosis reversible?

Is the spine deformation from osteoporosis reversible?

Not naturally: The increase bedding or widows hump caused from osteoporosis is not naturally reversible. With acute fractures of the thoracic spine, at times a kyphoplasty may be performed to inject bone cement into to collapsed vertebra to build it back up, but long standing multi-level changes are not. ...Read more

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What are some of the symptoms of ankle bone hairline fracture?

What are some of the symptoms of ankle bone hairline fracture?

Hairline fracture: Pain over bony area of injury, worsening pain on standing or working ankle, swelling, . ...Read more

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Does osteoporosis effect the healing of a rib fracture?

Theoretically yes: but because ribs are not weight bearing bones, not as much as it would affect long bones or vertebra. Osteopenia is probably a contributing factor for the original fracture, making the rib weaker and more prone to fracture. But it should not affect the healing time that much. ...Read more

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Can lack of vitamin b be the cause of pain in structure of the back, bones and skull?

B complex: There are quite a few different vitamin bs in b complex. However, none is directly related to bone strength. Lack if vitamin c causes scurvy which affect soft tissues, and lack of vitamin d and calcium causes weakening of bones (and the medical condition rickets). ...Read more

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What are the short/long term effects of a hairline skull fracture. 3" in length from lambdoid suture forward toward the temporal bone.

What are the short/long term effects of a hairline skull fracture.  3" in length from lambdoid suture forward toward the temporal bone.

Usually none: In an adult, the type of fracture you describe really has no long-term effects. Short term problems really have to do with any associated intracranial problems (hemorrhages, contusions, etc.). Potential fractures requiring treatment are ones that are exposed through the scalp (open), significantly depressed, ones involving skull sinuses, which can leak csf, or "growing" fractures in young children. ...Read more

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Could you please describe the effect of calcium in the diet on bone strength and bone density?

Need calcium: Hi. You need adequate calcium to promote optimal bone health. If bone is not adequately mineralized (which requires calcium and phosphate), fracture risk increases. Bone density measurement reflects bone mineralization and indirectly reflects bone strength (but there are some striking disconnects between bone density and bone strength). By your age, menopause is looming. Get adequate calcium & D. ...Read more

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What type of fracture that is common in osteoporotic bones?

Hip: Hip, wrist, vertebrae ad pelvis fractures are much more common in patients with osteoporosis. ...Read more

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What are the effects of osteoporosis on muscles?

What are the effects of osteoporosis on muscles?

Maybe muscle spasm: Patients with osteoporosis who have fractures of the vertebrae may have chronic muscle spasm surrounding the fracture area due to the abnormal structure of the bones. ...Read more

Dr. PHILIP WALLER
1,584 doctors shared insights

Osteoporosis (Definition)

A condition in which bones ...Read more