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Doctor insights on: The Psychological Etiology Psychological Model Of Addiction

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Is addiction a physical disease or a psychological one?

Is addiction a physical disease or a psychological one?

Both: Addiction to any substance implies that the body has not only become physically habituated to it, but a behavior change has also happened. Rather than using the substance sporadically, now the person pursues the substance and continues using it despite overt harm to his/her own life, relationships, and career. Tolerance has developed, and the person needs more for same effect. ...Read more

Dr. Vasu Brown
612 doctors shared insights

Addiction (Definition)

Addiction is a primary, chronic disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these circuits leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in an individual pathologically pursuing reward and/or relief by substance use and other behaviors. A person affected by addiction will be unable to consistently Abstain from use, will have Impaired Behavioral control, will have Craving or increased "hunger" for drugs or rewarding experiences, will have a Dysfunctional Emotional response, and will show diminished recognition of significant problems with their own ...Read more


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What is the difference between physical and psychological addiction?

What is the difference between physical and psychological addiction?

Addiction: Physical addiction or dependence is when chronic use of a substance results in tolerance, and when abrupt discontinuation or tapering of the substance results in unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. The person shows physiological craving for the substance. Psychological dependence is feeling the need for the substance because it induces enjoyable mental effects. ...Read more

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What is the difference between a psychological addiction and a physiological addiction?

What is the difference between a psychological addiction and a physiological addiction?

Addiction: When a heroin addict quits cold turkey, the pain that he feels in being "dope sick" is beyond description in agony. This is an example of physical addiction. When the physical symptoms finally pass, but the feeling of still needing the heroin in order to live remains, that is psychological addiction. ...Read more

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Can psychological addiction be cured? If so, how? Or will the need to use be there forever?

Can psychological addiction be cured? If so, how? Or will the need to use be there forever?

There is no "cure": for addiction. With ongoing therapy and counseling one can "control" their addiction and not use. Support groups like AA or NA or for whatever addiction you may have are a good place to receive nonjudgmental help. A sponsor will give added support and help. If presented the opportunity to use you may be tempted that is where the sponsor may be a big help. I hope this is of some help. ...Read more

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Which addiction is more difficult to deal with: mental or psychological dependence?

Which addiction is more difficult to deal with: mental or psychological dependence?

The same: Mental or psychological dependence are essentially the same. You might mean physiological rather than psychological. Physiological involves bodily functions to include heart rate, blood pressure, shakiness, and other changes. When people are physiologically dependent, they may feel those bodily changes without a clear psychological/mental need/addiction. Addiction relates to mental/psychological. ...Read more

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Can I have a dexedrine (dextroamphetamine) psychological addiction?

Possible: Would need to know more about what you are experiencing, but some people really like the sense of mood elevation and mental sharpness that Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine) can induce in some (not all) individuals. Losing that "edge" can be uncomfortable, so you go back to the medication to get it back, sometimes needing higher and higher doses to do so. ...Read more

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Could a psychological addiction cause physical withdrawal symptoms?

Yes: Imho there is no such thing as a "pure" physical or psychological addiction. The mind and body are tied together, and anything that effects one will impact the other. ...Read more

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What is a dexedrine (dextroamphetamine) psychological addiction like?

What is a dexedrine (dextroamphetamine) psychological addiction like?

Addiction=addiction: A harmful pattern of use characterized by using more of the substance than intended, persistent desire or unsuccessful attempts to cut down or stop using, significant periods of time spent using or obtaining the substance at the expense of other major life responsibilities, and continuing to use despite the knowledge of adverse effects. Psychological would imply no tolerance for withdrawal. ...Read more