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Doctor insights on: The Anatomy Of Lupus

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What're the clinical findings of the Paget's disease?

What're the clinical findings of the Paget's disease?

Nipple changes: Paget's disease of the breast is a type of cancer that involves the nipple and/or the dark tissue around the nipple (areloa). Often there is another tumor within the breast. Symptoms involve the nipple and include crusting, thickening, itching, scabbing or bleeding. There are many non-cancerous reasons for nipple symptoms, but if you have changes that don't resolve, see your health provider! ...Read more

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Dr. Rodeen Rahbar
164 doctors shared insights

Anatomy (Definition)

Anatomy is the study of the human body, ...Read more


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What diseases affect the structure of the cardiovascular system?

What diseases affect the structure of the cardiovascular system?

The structure?: to effect the structure of, say, the heart requires an embryological defect - in other words you're often born with it. Over time theres a ton of things that can effect the heart structure - commonly things like chronic hypertension or valvular disorders can effect the structure of the heart walls and chambers. ...Read more

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What type of tissue comprises the bulk of the myocardium? Is this different than other parts of the heart?

What type of tissue comprises the bulk of the myocardium? Is this different than other parts of the heart?

Cardiac muscle: Cardiac muscle is the biggest part of the myocardium, which is what most of the heart is. Additional parts are the endo & epcardium plus the valves. ...Read more

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What is the anatomy and physiology of coxa plana?

What is the anatomy and physiology of coxa plana?

Flat not round: It means a flat top 2 the usual round shape of the hip. Some causes are avn, dysphasia ...Read more

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What is the anatomy of rheumatic fever?

What is the anatomy of rheumatic fever?

Endotoxins inflame: Acute rheumatic fever involves a host of endotoxins produced from strep bacteria that acutely affect the body (joints, skin, heart) resulting in widespread symproms. In te heart this can result in a pancarditis (endocardium, mesocardium, and epicardium), which can set in motion chronic inflammation and scarring in addition to valvular dysfunction. ...Read more

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The histology of the major arteries and veins of systemic circulation?

The histology of the major arteries and veins of systemic circulation?

What about them?: Please ask a specific question about the histology. That cannot be answered here = it would take many pages and diagrams. Such information is freely available on the internet. ...Read more

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What are the disease of the renal pelvis?

What are the disease of the renal pelvis?

Several: The renal pelvis is the funnel shaped top beginning of the ureter(the tube draining urine from the kidney). Diseases include:stones, ureteropelvic junction obstruction,renal pelvic tumor(transitional cell carcinoma). ...Read more

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Why do diseases of the circulatory system often affect the health of the rest of the body?

Why do diseases of the circulatory system often affect the health of the rest of the body?

Well: This is a very good question. Now if you remember the circulatory system travels throughout the body so if there is a disease of the circulatory system it will be spread throughout the body because the circulatory system travels everywhere ...Read more

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What are the characteristics of the disease of addiction?

What are the characteristics of the disease of addiction?

Addiction definition: There are various ways of defining addiction, but basically it consists of continuing to use a substance or engage in a behavior despite negative consequences. Usually there is tolerance that develops, (it takes more ; more to get the desired effect). Sometimes there are withdrawal symptoms when you stop, but not always. Many relapse after abstaining for a while, especially without a support group. ...Read more

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Describe the features of metastases to the bone.?

Describe the features of metastases to the bone.?

Varies: Bone metastases features can vary. Some are bone "lytic" (moth eaten) such as squamous cell cancers or multiple myeloma. Others are "blastic" such as breast, prostate, etc. Symptoms vary from asymptomatic to painful. Bones may easily (pathologically) fracture. Treatment can include bone directed therapy such as bisphosphonates, xgeva (denosumab), radiation, radio frequency ablation, v-plasty. ...Read more

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What is the function of the nervous tissue in the kidneys?

What is the function of the nervous tissue in the kidneys?

Nervous tissu kidney: The nerves control blood flow and hormone production from the kidney. Recommend doing a wikipedia on nervous control of renal function. ...Read more

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What the characteristics of the affected person of the beginning of breast cancer?

What the characteristics of the affected person of the beginning of breast cancer?

Likely none: Early breast cancer will have no symptoms or physical findings or affect on the person in general. Early breast cancers are usually only seen on tests like a mammogram and are easier to treat when early or small. ...Read more

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What’s the effect of rheumatoid arthritis on the heart and vessels?

What’s the effect of rheumatoid arthritis on the heart and vessels?

Bad: Ra is an inflammotry disorder, characterized by high levels of CRP in the body. CRP does not cause the damge, but is the best surrogate marker for inflammation in the body, particularly the blood stream. Inflammation hurts the ling of blood vessels and increases the tendency to deposit cholesterol plaques. It raises clotting factors, such as fibrinogen which makes the blood more liely to clot! ...Read more

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What are the cellular and molecular aspects of Paget's disease of bone ?

What are the cellular and molecular aspects of Paget's disease of bone ?

The answer: is too extensive for 400 words or less, but try this link: http://www.orthochirurg.com/resources/journals/JAAOS/Volume3/V3N6A4.pdf ...Read more

Dr. James Lin Dr. Lin
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What is the meaning of "evaluate the prospect of prostate surgery"?

Dr. James Lin Dr. Lin
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What is the meaning of "evaluate the prospect of prostate surgery"?

Here are some...: The outlook of a surgery, which is the last resort of care after failing to all conservative treatments, is associated with the stage of the disease & patient's overall health state, in attesting: Doc has never cured anything for anyone, except infection at times, but to help modify something for someone to some degree with/without drugs and/or surgery at a reasonable time in a reasonable way.... ...Read more

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Show picture where are the kidneys located in which part of the body ?

Show picture where are the kidneys located in which part of the body
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Basic anatomy: They are located deep behind the intestines (retroperitoneal). From the back, they are blanketed by multiple layers of muscle. See http://education.Yahoo.Com/reference/gray/subjects/subject/253 which gives another view and more information. Note that "kidney pain" does not always correlate with the actual location of kidneys, as in other visceral organs. ...Read more

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Dr. TRUC DAO Dr. DAO
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What's the role of the endocrine system in the body?

Dr. TRUC DAO Dr. DAO
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What's the role of the endocrine system in the body?

Endocrine: Each hormone is a chemical that control function of many different organs. Brain hormones send orders to organs to work. Brain secretes TSH to order thyroid to work to control whole body. Sexual hormones control brain and whole body, as does Insulin controls use of sugar in whole body (brain included). Then hormones are inter-dependent. Delicate balance! ...Read more