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Doctor insights on: Tetralogy Of Fallot Repair

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My child has mild tetralogy of fallot, what meds should we avoid giving him until it's repaired?

My child has mild tetralogy of fallot, what meds should we avoid giving him until it's repaired?

If your son has : A tetrology of fallot, he should be followed closely by a pediatric cardiologist pre and post op. Speak first with your peds cardiologist about any medications you would consider using. ...Read more

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Dr. Steven Neish
288 doctors shared insights

Tetralogy Of Fallot (Definition)

A heart defect that features four problems. A hole between the lower chambers of the heart An obstruction from the heart to the lungs The aorta (blood vessel) lies over the hole in the lower chambers The muscle surrounding the lower right ...Read more


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What is the possible timing of repair of av canal defect with tetralogy of fallot in a child aged 3 months?

What is the possible timing of repair of av canal defect with tetralogy of fallot in a child aged 3 months?

depends:: As long as the child grows and gains weight, many cardiologists will put off surgery to make it technically easier and safer on the larger child. ...Read more

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What is the ideal timing of repair of av canal defect with tetralogy of fallot in a child 4 months old delivered premature , growing slowly ?

What is the ideal timing of repair of av canal defect with tetralogy of fallot in a child 4 months old delivered premature , growing slowly ?

Ideally 4-6 m: Ideally repair is carried out at 4-6 months of age. However, some babies may be very symptomatic requiring repair earlier. Many surgeons may prefer the baby to be 4-5 kg (9-12 lbs) before repair. Considering preemies start with a low birth weight and may have poor weight gain, then repair may be at an older age still within the first year of life. Caloric intake should be optimized until surgery. ...Read more

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What is tetralogy of fallot?

TOF: Tetrology of Fallot is a congenital heart defect consisting of defect in the wall between the ventricles, stenosis of the pulmonary artery, enlargement of the right ventricle, and an abnormally placed aorta. It occurs in about 5 out of every 10,000 babies. The defect affects boys and girls equally. It is corrected with open heart surgeries. ...Read more

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What is a tetralogy of fallot?

TOF: A type of congenital (present at birth) heart disease that usually causes cyanosis (blue baby). It is characterized by a large hole in the heart (vsd) and obstruction of blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary stenosis). Babies born with tof require surgery during infancy. ...Read more

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Is tetralogy of fallot hereditary?

Depends on variables: Most cases of complex congenital heart disease happen in a sporadic manner. The general risk of a parent with a chd having a child in these sporadic forms is about 6%.This is not specific to the same defect but includes all defects.When it is part of an autosomal disorder or chromosome deletion syndrome, the risks are higher. ...Read more

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What happens with ?Tetralogy of fallot?

What happens with ?Tetralogy of fallot?

Heart surgery: This is a congenital heart defect knows at "tetralogy" because the initial description discussed four findings: 1) ventricular septal defect, 2) overriding aorta, 3) pulmonary stenosis, 4) right ventricular hypertrophy. The cause is abnormal conotruncal septation, giving too much to the outflow to the aorta and not enough to the outflow to the lungs. This defect always requires surgical repair. ...Read more

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Tell me about tetralogy of fallot here?

Congenital heart dis: This is a congenital heart defect knows at "tetralogy" because the initial description discussed four findings: 1) ventricular septal defect, 2) overriding aorta, 3) pulmonary stenosis, 4) right ventricular hypertrophy. The cause is abnormal conotruncal septation, giving too much to the outflow to the aorta and not enough to the outflow to the lungs. This defect always requires surgical repair. ...Read more

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What can be done for tetralogy of fallot?

Heart Surgery: Tof is a complex type of congenital heart disease characterized by a large hole in the heart (vsd) and obstruction of pulmonary blood flow (pulmonary stenosis). Babies with tof require heart surgery during infancy. The surgery involves closing the hole and establishing unobstructed pulmonary blood flow. Survival rates are very good. ...Read more

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What are the tests for tetralogy of fallot?

Fallot: to diagnose, echocardiogram, but to follow patients with Fallot, there are several different cardiac tests that may be necessary ...Read more

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Is getting a tetralogy of fallot hereditary?

Sometimes: Microdeletion of chromosome 22q11 (digeorge syndrome) is a genetic abnormality that has been linked to tof and other forms of congenital heart defects. It also can occur with down syndrome (trisomy 21), and in patients with no identified genetic abnormality. Heart defects occur in 0.8% of babies, but in 3-5% of those with 1st degree relatives with heart defects. There is a genetic predisposition. ...Read more

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Is tetralogy of fallot a hereditary problem?

Is tetralogy of fallot a hereditary problem?

Not typically.: Most cases are isolated and sporadic. It accounts for 5-10% of all congenital heart defects. 15% of tof cases are part of known genetic syndromes (down, digeorge, alagille, phenylketonuria) or associations (charge/vacterl) and some are linked to poorly controlled preconceptional maternal diabetes mellitus. Recurrence risk: 2.5% with one prior affected child, 8% with two. Folic acid may prevent it! ...Read more

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What causes a baby to get tetralogy of fallot?

What causes a baby to get tetralogy of fallot?

We don't know: In most cases tetralogy of fallot is thought to be "multifactorial", meaning that there are possibly genes, and also environmental factors which might increase a child's potential of having the defect. ...Read more

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How much pain is a baby in with tetralogy of fallot?

How much pain is a baby in with tetralogy of fallot?

TOF: Tof is a condition where there is a vsd (hole between bottom two pumping chambers or ventricle), a displaced aorta, right ventricular hypertrophy and restriction of blood flow to lungs. The early course is usually determined by amount of blood flow to lungs. If restricted, the child will appear blue (cyanotic), breathe fast, be very irritable. A child at baseline does not have pain. ...Read more

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What are the visible symptoms of tetralogy of fallot?

TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: Symptoms include cyanosis, dyspnea, poor feeding, poor growth, and the tet spell which is sudden severe episode of severe cyanosis with dyspnea. ...Read more

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What is the main health emergency with tetralogy of fallot?

What is the main health emergency with tetralogy of fallot?

TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: The tet spells are sudden lethal episodes of severe cyanosis and dyspnea or hyperpnea leading to seizures and occacionally death. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Tetralogy of Fallot?

What is the definition or description of: Tetralogy of Fallot?

Congenital heart: condition with this American Heart Association definition: heart defect that features four problems. They are: a hole between the lower chambers of the heart an obstruction from the heart to the lungs The aorta (blood vessel) lies over the hole in the lower chambers The muscle surrounding the lower right chamber becomes overly thickened ...Read more

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Could tetralogy of fallot be genetic?

Could tetralogy of fallot be genetic?

Yes: Definitely, some cases of tetralogy of fallot have a genetic component. For instance, in 22q deletion syndromes (digeorge syndrome) one of the common heart diseases is tetralogy of fallot and variants of tetralogy of fallot. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for tetralogy of fallot?

What is the treatment for tetralogy of fallot?

TETRALOGY OF FALLOT : For older children, a knee- chest position or squating will help the tet spell. Surgery called the blalock-taussig shunt is usually done during the first year of life. ...Read more

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What is the survival rate for tetralogy of fallot?

Depends: Tetralogy of fallot is a complex type of congenital heart disease. Milder subtypes have a better long term survival than the more severe subtypes. Studies have demonstrated overall actuarial 10-, 20-, 30- and 36-year survival rates of 97%, 94%, 89% and 85%, respectively. ...Read more

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